Country of Origin


Iris & Gaia

18Reviewer: Srajan Ebaen
Financial interests: click here
Sources: Retina 5K 27" iMac (4GHz quad-core with Turbo boost, 32GB RAM, 3TB FusionDrive, OSX Yosemite. iTunes 14.4), PureMusic 3.02, Audirvana 3, Qobuz Hifi, Tidal Hifi, COS Engineering D1 & H1 Denafrips Terminator, Soundaware D300Ref, Auralic Vega, JAVS X7 DAC MQA + X7 DDC Femto + Clean Power [on review]
Preamplifier: Vinnie Rossi L2 Signature with WE VT52/300B or Elrog 50/300B, Nagra Classic, Wyred4Sound STP-SE Stage II, Vinnie Rossi LIO (AVT module)
Power & integrated amplifiers: Pass Labs XA30.8; FirstWatt SIT1 monos, SIT3, F5, F6, F7; Goldmund/Job 225; Aura Note Premier; Wyred4Sound mINT; Nord Acoustics NC500 monos; LinnenberG Audio Liszt monos; Crayon CFA-1.2
Loudspeakers: Audio Physic Codex; Cube Audio Nenuphar; Albedo Audio Aptica; EnigmAcoustics Mythology 1; Boenicke Audio W5se; Zu Audio Druid V & VI & Submission; German Physiks HRS-120; Eversound Essence; Fram Midi 150 & 120; Acelec Model One w. Avantages Audio omni super tweeter
Cables: Complete loom of Allnic Audio ZL3000 and Zu Event; KingRex uArt, Zu and LightHarmonic LightSpeed double-header USB cables; Tombo Trøn S/PDIF; van den Hul AES/EBU; AudioQuest Diamond glass-fibre Toslink; Black Cat Cable redlevel Lupo; Ocellia OCC Silver
Power delivery: Vibex Granada/Alhambra on all source components, Vibex One 11R on amps/sub, LessLoss C-MARC Entropic cords between wall and conditioners
Equipment rack: Artesania Audio Exoteryc double-wide 3-tier with optional glass shelves, Exoteryc Krion and glass amp stands 
Sundry accessories: Acoustic System resonators; LessLoss Firewall for Loudspeakers
Room: 4 x 6m with high gabled beam ceiling opening into 4 x 8m kitchen and 5 x 8m living room, hence no wall behind the listening chairs
Review component retail: $668 for Iris, $2'298 Gaia, Singapore currency [at time of publication equated to €436 and €1'500]

Terminator DSP board from my review of the upgraded module

Roundabout. "Hope you're well. Have been using a Denafrips Terminator for about two years. Am very pleased on price/performance. Listen mostly to 44.1kHz at 16 bits. Have a chance to grab an Aqua LaScala2 Optologic. Wanted your thoughts on gains. Like you I value tone density but not at the sacrifice of inner detail. Preamp is a modded W4S STP, amp a modded Rogue Medusa with two 12AU7 I regularly roll. Speakers are Alta FMR2." That was reader Paul.

"Have you done the Terminator DSP board upgrade? It's about €200 and a major resolution update. It's plug'n'play. I've got the review in the archives. That's what I'd go with if I were you."

"Thanks. Have not and will take your advice. I presumed incorrectly that the new board only impacted DSD playback. I'll reach out to Alvin."

Paul's next email had "found the Kitsune modified Singxer Su-1 with Intona USB isolator and super-short Intona premium HDMI cable to be the best way to get I²S into the Terminator. I tried many combos/products, several a lot more expensive."

"I²S is definitely the preferred entry," I confirmed.

"Looks like your review tapped out Alvin. 6-8 week lead time on the new DSP board."

Some time passed. Suddenly Paul was back. "I imagine you get hit up constantly with suggestions but you owe it to yourself to see if Kingwa from Audiogd will loan you for review his new USB DDC with regenerative power supplies, FPGA and I²S out (among others) into the Terminator. Eclipsed the improvement the new board made with the Terminator which I would agree was significant. Kingwa has been doing digital and power supplies right for a long time without much accolade. This is easily his best effort and absolutely sublime with the Terminator via I²S."

I told Paul that I was perfectly happy with our Soundaware D300Pro. It reclocks incoming USB and outputs it I²S over HDMI to our Terminator whilst doubling as SD card transport.

"Oh good, somehow I missed that you had settled on a solution for I²S. Something special about this DI-20 however. I understand that Denafrips have a DDC of their own in the works. Would be nice if it could double as a Roon endpoint à la the Metrum Ambre. Thanks again for all of your great advice. Makes my life easier. I grabbed a Pass XA25, what a wonderful little amp. Am in conversation with Veronica in Cambridge about a pair of Kroma Mimí when they arrive."

Exit. Paul's last email had pricked up my ears. I contacted Alvin Chee of Singapore's Vinshine Audio. What did he as their global marketing manager know of these Denafrips plans? "News spreads fast. Yes, it's coming. No, they are coming. Three models, entry, premium and flagship. They are all pure digital-to-digital converters. The entry-level model converts USB to AES/EBU, coax, Toslink and I²S. The premium model adds a fifo buffer and femto clock. The flagship model adds mil-spec temperature-stabilized crystal oscillators for the very best in reclocking. It will be an exciting year for Denafrips."

Unlike S/PDIF, USB embeds no clock signal. The clock is either on the send end (synchronous) or receive end (asynchronous). High-end audio prefers the latter. It puts the clock closer to the converter, thus past the digital cable and its connectors. Hifi designers can upgrade their clock over what's in a generic computer. Yet replace an upscale DAC's own USB input—likely galvanically/optically isolated already—with a dedicated USB bridge. That connects its reclocked signal to one of your DAC's S/PDIF or I²S inputs. Why should that improve the sound? How many clocks do we really need in series?

Our music iMac connects directly to the  Internet router by 30m CAT5  unless a streamer/server review requires wired access for a tablet remote. Then the Tp-Link switch adds Ethernet sockets.

As my drawing shows, a super-cap powered Soundaware D300Ref acts as USB bridge in our main system. It generates a signal with dedicated clock line as I²S over HDMI. My work desk uses the battery-powered Audiobyte Hydra X+ to generate two S/PDIF outputs. One runs into a COS Engineering H1 headphone amp, the other into active Fram Midi 150 speakers. Experiments with Mutec's MC-3+USB reclocker in both systems were just as audible. Like reader Paul with his DI-20HE Audiogd, I'm convinced. Such devices can make appreciable improvements to even ambitious digital front ends like our Terminators. In fact, they can even make 'audiophile' network switches redundant. That I saw with Fidelizer's Etherstream. For streaming Qobuz/Tidal, it only made a difference when I bypassed the D300Ref. I'm simply hazy on the mechanism whereby/why double clocking nets improvements. I'd much prefer if external black boxes couldn't better already costly digital converters. But,my ears can and do accept audible benefits even without compelling explanations.

Think of USB reclockers like yesteryear's CD/SACD transports. Back when, listeners were surprised. Different transports sounded different. It's why Esoteric's massive VRDS sleds shown became popular. It's why, when Philips discontinued the CD-PRO 2 transport, Vienna's StreamUnlimited launched their PRO 8 successor. It already shows up in a dedicated top-loading Pro-Ject transport and in Gryphon and Accustic Arts players/transports.

It revisits an early breach of the bits-are-just-bits mantra. Transport differences refuted that only the 'A' side of D/A conversion mattered; that any wobbly old plastic sled could do the same job. The 'D' side when signal is still in the digital domain matters as well. It includes digital cables. It's why better routers, network switches, Ethernet isolators and USB bridges all have their place in a no-compromise hifi system. Sometimes there won't even be sound without one. My Polish computer speakers lack a USB input. To feed them digitally, I need S/PDIF. From my stock HP work station? Audiobyte Hydra X+ to the rescue. Since that supplies the speakers, I checked whether the headphone amp with USB DAC would sound better without it. Not. Now it gets its own S/PDIF signal from the Audiobyte's BNC port. A nice side benefit? I needn't change USB devices in Windows whenever I switch from desktop speakers to headphones and back. The USB bridge means better sound and functionality.