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Hi Srajan, I just waded through your review of the LessLoss BlackGround 10X Power Base. Holy Smokes!  I can just hear the snickering over at Audio Science Review. Better mount your tin foil hat and enlist Don Quixote and Sancho to spar with those folks! Anyway, your review reminded me of another magic box reviewed by Jeff Day way back in February 2008. It was the Blue Moon-awarded Acoustic Revive RR-77, a Schumann pulse generator that provides a shield for electromagnetic pollution. Say what? The upshot is that in addition to providing a genuine sense of bonhomie, the little box strives to improve the music listening experience. I should know: after the review I purchased one and it still pulses in my audio cabinet! En garde! Cheers, Michael Fanning

See my earlier response to Rory a few entries down. It's why many reviewers avoid covering such products; or wait until the public tide of perception has accepted them. Srajan

Srajan, the main reason I read 6moons and often purchase reviewed product, is that your publication covers a wide swath of devices that don't see the light of day in the mainstream audio press. Plus, your writing in particular is so damn engaging that I'm getting both a review and a satisfying read. Michael

Dear Srajan, I've followed your subwoofer adventures and had a question. Those directional subs you like are passive. I know that you use the outboard icOn filter. But what do you recommend as the power amplifier to drive the woofers? Thanks very much, Christian

You're correct that neither the sound|kaos nor ModalAkustik Ripol subs include electronics inside their 'box' because exposing electronics to high air pressures is usually not the best of ideas. The icOn range of Gradient Boxes is growing and the designer already announced a third simplified version for later in Q1. For amplifiers anything of sufficient power and no noise will do. I get excellent results from a legacy Goldmund Job 225, a 125wpc class AB amp which at the time sold for €1'295. A lot of affordable 100-250wpc class D amplifiers should work really well. Whatever you pick won't work above  ~100Hz in most scenarios so class D's high damping and negative feedback actually are quite ideal. Srajan

Hello Srajan: I see you're about done with three monitors from Raidho and Scansonic. Though I appreciate your focus on stand mounts with your two subwoofers covering bass, I'm wondering whether you will shortly return to regular floorstanders for the rest of us who don't have subwoofers? I think it's a fair question. Best regards, Gerald 

I agree. It is a fair question. The answer is, I'll respond to review inquiries as I always have. With the Raidho/Scansonic triptych, I went after things I was personally interested in for a change. So it just depends on what speaker makers who approach want me to cover that'll determine what I write about in that sector. Any reason why you wouldn't consider a properly integrated subwoofer? Srajan

I prefer fewer boxes. Gerald 

Srajan, I see you're going down the rabbit hole again with your upcoming review of the latest LessLoss box. I've always been curious how reviewers judge the potential impact on their reputation for accepting assignments which many in their audience will view as bunk. I'm keeping an open mind but am all too aware how perception shapes reality. Best wishes, Rory

This is far from the first time I've accepted reviews assignments of things whose operating principle I didn't understand fully or even remotely. I'm simply curious. As to negative impact on one's reputation, I must have grown some skin over the years. Also, that kind of thing is always for others to judge. It's how they react. Unless they tell me, I have no idea. I simply feel that if one has the need to kowtow to the AudioScience review community in how one selects review gear, one ought to stay well clear of anything expensive and only pursue things whose measurable static distortion is ultra low. If one doesn't deliberately cater to that audience, one gets to explore unusual things. Some of them may not work; or have a benign effect but not work exactly how their inventor thinks they do their thing. To me that's more of an adventure than paint-by-numbers safety which measurement fans can't assail because it caters to their beliefs. Playing it safe is boring and a limit on learning.  And, as I've said plenty of times, I trust the intelligence of my readership. They can think for themselves just fine and agree, disagree or split the difference with my opinions or findings any day of the week and twice on Sunday. It's all good sport and harmless entertainment. And in-between all of that, hopefully some of it is useful as well. If so, I've done my little job and the rest isn't up to me so out of my hands and as such, not really my concern. If I make it my concern, it's really a waste of time. I have my experience which 1/ I can't prove, 2/ could be quite specific to me and my setup, 3/ I might not even fully understand. The job is in sharing my experiences honestly, nothing more. If I remember that, it's all quite uncomplicated. Now questions like yours remind me how much more complicated it could get if I forgot. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I've read your comments on using the Shanling player as a digital transport. Is it really good enough to use in your main system? I find the idea intriguing but must admit that the price and component type have me very doubtful. Love what you do though. Cheerio. Kevin

In all three of my systems, I use a USB bridge to buffer and reclock the incoming data. I'd very happily use the Shanling (or equivalent DAP) also into the big system's Singxer SU-6 bridge. The only reason why I'm not is that our 3TB local library is hosted on its iMac. It's why the Shanling shuttles back and forth between the upstairs and desktop systems. And yes, it's precisely because of your reaction that I wrote these comments. It's easily to overlook the category and diss its relevance for 'serious 'philes'. I see no reason to do either. Purist battery power. In my use, no connection to the Internet. No big-footprint OS onboard that would need to be managed. It really is a very streamlined solution dedicated to just music. Srajan

Srajan, any idea when the Z165 review will publish? Looking forward to your conclusion! Jamie

About a week ago I was told shipment was two weeks out so I expect delivery before Xmas which puts the conclusion into late January if all goes to plan. Srajan  

Hello Srajan, there's some interesting product emerging from the fertile engineering imagination of Angela/Gilbert Yeung (formerly Blue Circle), available through Entracte Audio. There are some rather novel concepts in evidence. Primary is the ability to beef up the power supply to almost insane capacitance levels by plugging in external capacitor modules. It's literally an ingenious plug 'n' play affair. No factory rebuild required. No disassembly required either. Just connect pack into rear panel receptor. The sceptic would argue against the need for such an overbuilt power supply but even casual listening proved that while a little more is better, drastically more is highly preferable. The second new product that caught my eye and ear was the C312 preamplifier. First point of interest is a simulated solid-state tube circuit. That alone is intriguing but Angela/Gilbert push their implementation in a fresh direction. The unit sports 3 adjustable gain stages plus a final master volume control. A master input stage feeds both a 'tube' and solid-state stage in parallel and those can be intermixed to create whatever character from old-school tube to SS precision the listener considers their ultimate. And if tastes change, no need for a new preamp. Just readjust the settings. Yes the capacitor power modules are accommodated and yes, the final output volume control has a simple remote for creature comfort. That's it from the sidelines. Cheers, Glen Wagenknecht

I've been enjoying very much my Raal SR1a/Jotunheim R pair as well as DMAX Super Cubes and use them much as you are, as super nearfields and the Raals as audio electron microscopes. The informative bass showed me that Paul McCartney does make the odd clam. I never knew! In the interest of experimentation I intend to add to the Cubes a pair of my Yamaha servo subs. Those are available super cheap on the used market and sound fabulous. They're all over Nashville studios, apparently. The unhyped nature of the Cubes' bass coupled with the very steep rolloff suggests that this might work. As you know, marrying subs successfully is usually impossible without the full-range feed to the mains being brutally high-passed to eliminate the bass hump and reflex resonance designed in to suggest bass extension that isn't there. I still continue to admire your writing and turn everyone on to 6moons who will listen. I have also recommended to discerning musicians your amazing listing of world music - a very valuable resource for me. Season's greetings to you and Ivette. Russell 

I'm most pleased to hear that you find the Raal and DMAX recos to meet your sonic taste standards. Let me know how you get on mating the SC5 to your subs. That does sound intriguing. Best wishes to you and yours as well, for this season and the next. Srajan

I hate to bother you with this question, I own a Taiko Extreme and Aurender N30 both costly. Today I hooked up my friend's MacBook Pro with Roon for kicks. I honestly don't see a need for more. I see you used an iMac. Are you still using this as your main music source? I'm curious because I know you could use whatever you wanted. Thanks, Rodney Ulbrich

Affirmative on the iMac. This is one of my main pet peeves in fact. "Computers suck for audio." It's patently bullshit. One just must obey a bit of common sense. First, dedicate your machine to audio, naught else. Second, install extra RAM. Third, install a music player like Audirvana, Euphony, JRiver, PureMusic, Roon et al and set it to its strictest protocol. That will virtually disable your computer for all tasks other than audio and eliminate 'background chatter' of unnecessary computing threads. That player software will also dump your playback album or list to memory to spin down the main drive. Hence the extra RAM. Four, output to a USB bridge like a Singxer or Soundaware which acts as buffer/reclocker between PC/Mac and DAC. That's it. It's exactly the same protocol which overpriced audiophile servers use. But our way costs a fraction and isn't headless but gives us a full-size screen of high resolution with a mouse and full-size keyboard to access all subscription streaming clients plus Spotify, YouTube & Bros. So yes, I see or hear no need for more either. It's why I'm still on my iMac and don't plan on 'trading up' anytime soon. You're right, I could use anything else. I'm just not moved to. Srajan

Hello Srajan: Are you sure about your pricing for the Qualio IQ speaker? I followed up your preview by hopping onto their site and Shopify shows €11'000 for a pair, not the €5'500 you reference. That's a huge difference. So which is it? Please clarify that for me. James

Of course you could ask them directly. You'd learn that it's an error of the generic Shopify code which apparently isn't intuitively set up for product that sells in pairs. The correct number is €5'500/pr and Qualio already know that their webshop code still needs to be customized to not double the price when a user enters '2' thinking it to be units. The interface should clearly state 'pair' so that you correctly enter just '1'. In any case, rest assured that what I published is correct. I confirmed it with them and am sure that they'll have it fixed pronto to avoid confusion. Srajan

Srajan, one quick comment on your latest AMP-23R syndication. I think you've approached over exposure for this brand and model. Surely there's tons of other deserving stuff you could cover for a change than one more opinion on the same piece. Cheerio, Sal

That's one position to take. Another is that many readers enjoy multiple opinions even if they spread out across multiple reviews rather than being formatted into one long feature. Also, Enleum ordered this syndication and it's not my policy to turn down orders. Like everyone else I work to eat. And eating happens at least once a day every day to mean constancy in replenishing the larder which takes money. Simple as that. Srajan

Srajan, I quite enjoyed your paean to Alain Pratali and Franck Tchang in the Z165 preview. As I think you know, based on one of your reviews I journeyed many years ago from my then-home in central France to Paris to meet with Franck and to pick up a loom of his bespoke interconnects, power cord and speaker wire. After a lovely lunch close to his atelier, I met Franck who regaled me with a tour of his shop and then a spirited guitar playing session. I left his atelier in high spirits. There's something in the Gallic blood that animates people such as Alain and Franck. They aren't content with the status quo and we are their happy beneficiaries. Actually, the same could be said of you and your team who give us access to products that many in the mainstream audio media eschew. All the best, Michael Fanning

Dear Srajan: I can't be certain but it seems that your preview section recently lost a number of links which I noticed when I looked to check on certain updates. Did you suddenly have to cancel a number of reviews due to unavailability or other reasons? Just checking to confirm that I'm not mad. Julian

You're not mad. Certain previews had been up for too long to now be put on ice until their suspects show up at my door; if they ever do. Another review recently was pulled because in the shipper's country there was no option to ship a pair of bigger speakers in separate cartons weighing more than 34kg/ea. They had to go on one big pallet which I can receive but not return properly since that would require a garage or otherwise covered area to protect it from our rain. So no, your sanity remains intact, Julian. In our previous digs I had a 3-bay horse barn for storage and a covered back porch. In the present house I use a spare bathroom for indoor storage of review boxes. That limits the size of what I can accept; and counts out big pallets which I can't assemble indoors to be picked up. Srajan

Hi Srajan, did you see this? Knowing that you wrote for him during your early days, I thought of you when looking at Doug's posts in this thread. It's odd that he would insert himself in this way to dig at a competitor when none of it has anything to do with the thread's subject matter. Perhaps you get a chuckle out of it. Cheers. Brandon

I just took a look, Brandon. Thanks for parking a little turd on my front yard. More wince than chuckle. Well off-topic in a thread about a loudspeaker covered by a competitor. Not sure what else to say? I prefer to attend to my own house not worry about how others maintain or decorate theirs. Publishers in this sector serve a quite limited audience. I prefer to look at it as a collaborative effort that's spread across different media and outlets but united in contributing to the bottom line of a global database of hifi-related information. Why quibble over different styles and presentations? That strikes me as a bit petty. But we all have our off days. If we live them out on a public forum, we might soon come to regret how we came across. Srajan

Srajan, with your well documented enthusiasm for Raal's ribbon headphones, are you planning to review their new CA-1a? I admit that it looks just as funky but being able to use it on a normal headphone amplifier makes it more palatable to me. I just wonder whether it can keep up sonically with the original? José

Raal haven't asked me to review them and I don't buy things to do a review so nothing is currently on the books. For opinions you'll have to look elsewhere I'm afraid. And agreed on the look; from SteamPunk to Funk. Srajan

Good to see mention of Crayon amps again Srajan, it's been a stable reference and steadily selling brand here in NZ since first landing them in 2013. Customers stray to try other amps but most often return to Crayon. The excellent preamp and pre-out on the discontinued CFA often gets used even with other amps. The volume pot bypass on the CIA1-T was a feature I requested on first hearing the original CIA (for amp-only use with Linear Tube preamps and others). Enleum's 23R has found a great match in Wolf von Langa's Chicago - though a little less bass grip than the CIA1-T on electronica, the 23R has elevated performance well beyond its cost. I'd struggle to name a valve amp at multiples of that price I'd rather want to own. As for solid state, in a class of its own given an easy speaker load. Regards, Peter Hardie

Srajan, you outdid yourself with the latest Raidho review. The enthusiasm is palpable but so are your sonic qualifiers and the music samples you picked. I just have one question. Will there be a Raidho in your own future? Cheers, Caleb

I am most tempted, of course. Whilst the flesh is strong, the wallet could be weak though. When I first switched back to my resident monitors, I still felt the loss of resolution and gilded illumination strongly. But then I moved some hardware around to end up with a different mains amp. Between its slightly different tonal balance and my hearing readjusting, I've already overcome the first wave of bad temptation. Give it a few more weeks of forgetfulness and I might get away unscathed. But if I had the spare scratch right now, I almost certainly would add a Raidho to my collection. I'm still close enough to the experience to feel the pull. Reason reminds me that I don't need one more stand mount. Greed claims that one can never have enough sharp tools in the shed. So we'll see who of the two wins. At the end of the day and while I still review intensely, I only get to listen to my system, as is, occasionally. Most of the time some other loaner is in there which changes the aroma. That's not the ideal circumstance to enjoy an expensive new acquisition in its very best light. If one can't guarantee hardware stability and sufficient one-on-one time, perhaps such an acquisition is premature? That's the reviewer's curse. If you love your system just the way it is, don't start reviewing. You'll end up on a treadmill of constant change when what you really want is stability. Srajan

Hi Srajan, thank you very much! Wow. What a review. Your writing is truly outstanding. Tell me, what's the difference between a Blue Moon and Lunar Eclipse Award? Thanks. Kind regards, Morten Kim Nielsen, Raidho

Our Lunar Eclipse award is exceedingly rare. In our 20 years of business, we've given it out perhaps six times so far so this is probably just the 7th. Srajan

Hello Mr. Ebaen, I hope this finds you well. First off, thank you so much for all the hard work entailed in preparing the reviews on 6moons. Your website is virtually my only reliable reference when it comes to gear reviews. Also and on an entirely different wavelength, I hope that the ramifications and repercussions of what's going on in the Ukraine are as light as possible on your country. My father was born in Slovenia, which with just Hungary sits between it and the Ukraine. I grew up on stories told by refugees and escapees of all sorts of authoritarian European regimes left and right. So, to the point—and apologies for taking some of your valuable time with such a pedestrian question—but is there any contest in 'musicality' between a Nakamichi OMS-7 CD player + Nakamichi SR-4A receiver and a more recent combo like a Luxman D-N150 CD player + SQ-N150 integrated amp for instance; or even a higher-priced Luxman rig?

The reason I'm asking is because the former combo, manufactured in the mid-80s with which I'm satisfied, is beginning to show glitches that sadly not even a recognized Nakamichi technician like Mr. Willy Hermann who has his shop on the other side of the hills from Berkeley and has been beyond kind with advice, will endeavour to repair. In other words, once my old combo gives up the ghost, I'll need to find something else. I've been eyeing the same exact combo on eBay but then I wonder how long I'll be able to enjoy the magic of those Phillips TDA1540D chips when I'm willing to spring for something way more expensive. Another way to ask this question is this: Is there a newer DAC chip that can compete with the TDA1540D on musicality?

And just to clarify, that rig is just for CD. I'm in the process of putting together a totally analog LP rig around a Yamamoto A014 amp also based on the glowing reviews on 6moons,and I have an SET 300B Woo Audio WA5-LE headphone amp hooked to the turntable. Thank you again and kind regards. Francisco Pance

Hello Francisco, given that your kit was built ca. 40 years ago means that progress was made in the interim. I understand your loyalty to the TDA1540D sound and would suggest looking at the Denafrips brand via They design discrete R2R ladder DACs so execute the old Phillips principle off chip. We've reviewed a number of their models and I have the flagship in my upstairs system. To my ears, that would set you on the proper path in a cost-effective fashion so peruse their catalogue and select the model that meets your price. They all use the same converter principle, just successively beef up the power supply, tighten up parts tolerances and add features and socketry. I'm not familiar with the Luxman CDP so can't comment. As to the Ukraine conflict, I was born in Germany but have lived abroad since my early 20s. After living in Switzerland for about 8 years, we've now been on Ireland's west coast for already four which puts us as far west as Europe gets. Srajan 

Mr. Ebaen, thank you kindly for the answer to my questions. And apologies for the geographical mixup. I thought you were based in Poland. Ireland is, as you say, as far West as one can go while still in Europe. Kind regards. Francisco

No problem. Poland, Germany, Ireland... it's all one world. We just don't treat it that way. Srajan

Morning Srajan, à la Vinnie Ross whose products I once purchased under his Red Wine Audio line and who eventually went into Michelin-star territory with his eponymously branded gear, Kinki Studio now venture into the white tablecloth space. Did I read correctly? Preamp at $20K and monos at $25K? Perhaps they meant Singapore dollars? No matter, I fear this 'leap of faith' may even confound St. Augustine. Reviews to come? All the best, Michael

Definite 5-star turf. Didn't see that comin' ! Srajan

Srajan, I wouldn't have been surprised with, say sub $10K US for their new products but this is over the top for a Chinese brand with limited brand recognition and no worldwide servicing. I'll be curious about their plans!  At the moment though it seems a serious misstep. Michael  

I still got my head in the sand trying to get it back out. I'll report back if I learn more. Srajan

Hello Srajan, in your icOnic introduction I see you're being passively aggressive. Lovely to see. Keep being journalistically judgmental and mind the gavel! "Surely you can't be serious. Yes I can, and don't call me Shirley." Best wishes from the spectator section, Glen Wagenknecht

Yeah - hitting myself with the gavel would be painful, wouldn't it? Enjoy your retirement, Glen! Srajan

Hi Srajan, do you still have/use your Track Audio stands? That review you did all those years ago prompted me to buy a pair back then. It's the best purchase I ever made and despite changing all my gear many times those stands will always stay. I am never selling them. If you are a 2-way guy like we are, you do not know what your monitors are capable of unless they are on stands like those. Many guys are missing out on knowing their speaker's true potential. Track Audio just seemed to drop off the map and their website looks like it hasn't been updated in 10 years. Kind regards, Jonas Harrow

Likewise, Jonas. Still have 'em and never the two shall part. Like you I took a look-see at their website throughout the years and it does seem that they're no longer operational, i.e. the website remains in limbo until a prepaid hosting contract expires is my guess. Srajan

Srajan, I see you're on a solid Raidho trip. It's a great idea to review three of their small monitors so we learn what more money buys. Or not? The price spread is huge so that part will be very interesting. Will you have them all side by side at one point by any chance? Chris

The X1t is already packed up ready to return. The MB1 B won't be available in wood veneer for another two months though I could of course get the gloss black in inventory. The TD1.2 is coming in very shortly but at €20K/pr, I couldn't in good conscience hold onto it until the Scansonic trundles in. So no in situ comparisons. I'll be using the same systems however to get as close to meaningful hints about sonic differences as I can. Here a shout-out is due to Dantax who've been amazingly prompt to respond and happy to accommodate my requests. It's not just a matter of finding fun stuff to write about. It must be available to ship; and makers willing to ship to Ireland and back. In these days of skyrocketing ship fees, serious delays on parts and many Chinese factories closed which build things like speaker cabinets, none of that is as easy as it used to be. Fair question however about side-by-side comparisons. That's the only real way to do them. I didn't enter the X1t review with any intentions to expand into more Dantax monitors. The experience was simply so impressive that I thought "why not ask". I aimed at the most budget-friendly Scansonic next but Raidho so happened to have a traveling TD1.2 demonstrator on hand first. I'm obviously stoked to learn what more Raidho can do with a scaled-up X1t concept when money is no issue. So that's how this happened. Dumb luck you might say! Srajan

Hello Srajan, as someone who really enjoys your website and would like to read more, what other audio websites can you recommend to me that will offer content of similar quality? I'm not into videos or headphones. Cheers, Jared

I'd single out Christiaan Punter's HFA aka Hifi Advice; and Roy Gregory's Gy8. Srajan

Srajan, hope you are well. Compelled to reach out. I must say following your lead can be a pretty fun ride. My listening for the past 12 years has been in the same smaller office room, well treated but not ideal. My system is long settled: Grimm Mu1, Mola Mola Dac, icOn 4Pro balanced pre, Musiklab D220 amp, Lessloss cables and more Lessloss filters than I care to admit. Most recent addition this summer was a Modalakustic sub, thank you as well for that. Whole new level of understanding and sound. My weakness is speakers. Guitars, motorcycles, bicycles, it's all the same thing. I see one and just want to ride it, play it or in the case of speakers, hear what they have to offer. To me they are where audio's artisans live. I even once bought a pair of Kroma from you. The past 6 months I have been on a bit of a crossover-less driver journey. Something is undeniably true in them. Went so far as to build a line array with three 3" Audience widebanders per side that turned out very well and was satisfying to build.

So when I read your DMAX SC5 review, I had to hear them since they are affordable and intriguing in concept. I figured they would quickly move into my work office after a day or so in my 'main' home office system. Well - school has been in session in my system this past month. They are dismantling everything I thought I had learnt over the years about what elevates sound; or more specifically, what you can clearly count on to produce less than stellar sound. Nothing is ideal in the audiophile sense with their place in my system. The icOn passive preamp for whatever reason (probably its high current) overdrove and clipped the A/D converters on the input of the DMAX amp. The buffered high pass of my Sublime K231 crossover solved that but not without several cheap TRS/XLR jumpers from Amazon. Nothing fancy about the 50wpc DMAX amp, cheap and slightly noisy Wells $30 SMPS, class D module sourced from God knows where. Analog Devices DSP and chip converters mucking up king Mola.

All of that quickly melts away when you hear what Andrew's math does to create a point-source speaker with flat response and little to no induced phase shift. It's the latter that I believe produces such a superb full-bodied, fast and totally transparent presentation. I have been listening for weeks trying hard to identify the grunge, artifacts, glare and sibilance that should accompany this pro-audio road show but it's exactly the opposite. Synced with the Modal sub crossed at 80Hz and the Cube mains, the soundfield is one and and full range with zero holes, the window deep and open. The Mola is putting on an absolutely unfiltered show of its capabilities. I wish Andrew's DSP could handle the icOn's output so I could run the Cube full range and remove the K231 buffers from the mains just for the experience of it.

I'll probably be disappointed but Andrew does make a DSP-only module for the SC5 that I must ry so I can insert my Musiklab amp into the chain to drive the Cubes. But the way things have been going, that will likely be for naught or even a downgrade. LOL. No regrets, it's the fun in all of this to me, staying open to trial and error, not being hung up on cost or reputation and setting yourself up so every once in a while gear may come into your space and crash 25 years of what you thought you knew. Best, Paul Petelin

Good man. Taking risks is the only way to learn. I've made a job of it so I don't have to buy everything first but it's the very same curiosity that makes me tick. Happy travels. Srajan

Srajan, don't know how much you chatted with Andrew about how they go about selecting a pair of SC5 but it's pretty remarkable and instructive. They eliminate a ton of drivers right off the bat because they are too peaky and require too much DSP correction. This is not a low-quality driver. Then they look to match pairs not only on sensitivity but on where and how much DSP is applied in the FR comp. Once they get a pair of troublemakers with 'equal' mug shots, that pair get its specific solution. I learnt this simply because I happened to mention to Andrew that I bought a pair of SB drivers with the black aluminum cone from Madisound which I planned to install simply because I like the more subtle look of black. He laughed and said, good luck with that. Yesterday the black drivers arrived. I already knew that I was sending them back but for kicks I threw a black driver into the left speaker. Sat back and - laughed. Destroyed the whole thing. The left speaker was off completely in another universe and lo and behold, edgy in the upper midrange not because it wasn't broken in. It's starting to become clear to me how we accept all of these compromises and uncontrolled pair-to-pair randomness even between left/right channel in just about every speaker as part of the limitations and inefficiency of the conversion to mechanical energy. Pretty remarkable effort that Andrew puts into these. Paul

I didn't know that. Explains a few things in hindsight. Srajan

Slippery slope here for you into the pro world. Explains however to a degree why many audiophiles who have dabbled in DSP in fairly dialed mature systems do not appreciate its effects and frequently relegate it to 200Hz and below. They may be blaming what they hear to off-the-shelf components and chip converters rather than the possibility that the more FR compensation you apply, the greater the phase disruptions. Paul

My amp/DSP came to me as I mentioned slightly defective. It had a small mechanical buzz and faint noise at the speaker at idle coming from a noisy SMPS. So this weekend I began swapping the innards of the amp/DSP into a nicer Hammond chassis and bought an upgraded $100 Connex 24v SMPS highly regarded in DIY circles for low noise, high efficiency and very low EMI. Should work well on paper so I plan to to install more traditional hardware so I can easily swap in the SC5 for long sessions on weekends and just leave them on using my normal cabling. One of the most consistent traits regardless of downstream ancillaries with my front end of Grimm/Mola/icOn has been very high magnification of the entire bandwidth with quick reflexes but complete absence of textural dryness or digital fingerprinting. This was true even with stock Tannoy monitors with a less than refined 90s' titanium tweeter and very cheap filters that don't measure well. My more recent Audience home-build paralleled 3" widebanders with no filter were pure too and very revealing drivers. Costly 2-way monitors I've had in-house all sounded superb as well. I've had nothing sound even close to poor in this room for a very long time, even pre Grimm/Mola when I was using Denafrips.

So I hooked the SC5 up sans DSP to my Musiklab amp just to have something play while I worked. My expectation was low but wow was it bad running the SC5 full range and bypassing the HP outputs of my K231 set at 80Hz. The sound was so brittle and anemic that I had to shut it off after about 20 minutes. To many, this source combo is in the conversation with the very best and will certainly be my Redbook reference for a very long time. Which begs the question, is all that unwantedness really possible at the very last interface, the driver being naked and botching things uo so egregiously? And if so, how is it then so satisfyingly manipulated by Andrew's little wonde board with no evidence of loss from experienced listeners and pros but becoming a miracle of a window into the recorded space? If that is in fact cause, then it would seem possible that it has always been the source of the vast majority of what we consider bad sound. If so, what a shame and waste blaming all the wrong things for so long. I do know this, there's a ton of digital manipulation going on with these and I couldn't care less when it's in place and I couldn't care more when it was pulled. Paul

Compared to all the wrongs speakers can do and usually doodoo, virtually anything preceding them behaves very saint like on raw percentile deviations from linearity and low distortion. What seems to surprise you is how unacceptably bad this driver in this sealed box sounds with zero correction. I don't believe SB designed it for solo duty in the first place, only that Andrew identified it as a good affordable base for his approach. In either case, with everything preceding the speaker being snow white, a single stage of concluding black mucks up the lot. Mega DSP voodoo outshining presumed hardware limitations seems to be the upshot here. Srajan

Yes agreed. It's the degree of manipulation I'm imagining that really speaks to its power. I assume that I have a good-enough ear to know when something is miles away from where it needs to be; or where it had been in this case. I had mentioned to you my educated guess when I first heard them given the small sealed box that the midband and mid/ ower bass had to have been lifted significantly and the upper midrange and treble likely toned down. If you heard them straight, you would agree 100%. A threadbare, glaring, recessed and flat midband, a bright forced sibilant treble and nothing else below is what stares back at you sans DSP. To take that sound to the other side with 1s and 0s does not speak well to all the efforts and monies audiophiles pile into their systems trying to fix this and tame that; particularly in complex systems with complex crossovers. What it suggests is perhaps at least the possibility that a great deal of haphazard, poorly designed, doomed and occasionally very expensive speakers with perhaps even suboptimal electronics feeding them can be elevated way beyond our comfort level with a unique DSP solution that includes phase correction. Source remains king in this equation I would imagine. DSP cannot manipulate that which isn't there in the first place. But how many very good and affordable digital sources are there these days? Well, plenty as you know. Paul

I disagree about source still being king here. The SC5's DSP currently only takes an analog input signal so that's what it looks like to you. But what if we could feed it a direct digital signal and chuck all the gold-plated costly audiophile converters we're currently preceding it with? I bet they'd prove redundant then. Srajan

Dear Mr. Srajan, thank you very much for your wonderful review!  Can I link to it from my website? JianHui Deng

You most certainly can. I'm very interested to look into one of your DSD converters next. Could this be arranged? Srajan 

A DSDAC1.0 is in the hands of Mr. Carsten at Audio.Next and Dirk Sommer is already scheduled to review it. You could contact Mr. Carsten later? JianHui Deng

Mr. Carsten prefers to work exclusively with the German press like because that's his market. I already asked him to cooperate with review samples of other brands he represents. He told me he's not interested in working with an English-speaking magazine. But it's not a problem. He'll pursue Cen.Grand reviews for you with the German magazines he has working relationships with. Srajan 

Several UK distributors contacted me for cooperation already. Samples could come from one of them. English magazines are more influential than German ones. JianHui Deng

I agree. English magazines have a far bigger reach. That's why I approached Mr. Carsten in the first place. I thought he'd be interested in getting more exposure for his many brands. Also, most Germans today speak and read English very well and his samples are already inside the EU to reduce the shipping burdens on his manufacturers. Alas, he wasn't interested, period. Once you establish a UK importer/distributor, it will be easy to organize more 6moons reviews from there. Let me know when that time comes. I'm very impressed with Cen.Grand and would love to give you more exposure. Srajan 

Hi Mr. Ebaen. Me, another time. Let’s hope you can help me. As I said in my previous email, I was really interested in the Cube Audio Nenuphar. Weeks ago I had the opportunity of hearing them. I really like very much many things but to my ears, something was missing. I’m going to hear them soon again with different amplification and in a different room. Lately one speaker is also getting my attention that you know very well: Boenicke. Some questions:

It is said that soundstage in Boenicke’s is outstanding. It’s true? What’s your opinion? If I'm not mistaken they are three models of the W8 and three models of the W11: the standard, the SE and the SE+ with important differences in price. What are the differences between each model? Which one do you recommended? Is the W11 the best buy in your opinion (quality/price relation) or is the W8 the best? I really like rock. In your opinion are the Boenicke capable of this type music? Am I going to miss anything? I know that they are not big boxes but I read a lot of positive comments saying that they have great bass. Amplification: It is said the they are power hungry. Sven Boenicke talks well about an integrated you also know very well: the Kinki EX-M1. Is that a good combo? Any other recommendation?

Thanks so much for your interest. Stay healthy, Juan

Sven Boenicke would be the best man on the planet to explain the standard, SE and SE+ versions since few others will have heard all three side by side. Plus he knows exactly what technically distinguishes them and how that relates to performance. Nobody else does. Likewise for power recommendations. He'd be the best man to ask. What model is 'best' is always relative to your room, listening levels and budget. Only you can answer that. When set up with lots of breathing room as Boenicke speakers always are at shows, they do image/soundstage spectacularly. You might also like to ask Dawid Grzyb at HifiKnights who has reviewed more Boenicke speakers than I and in fact owns two different models. He too could give you some very specific amplifier tips. Srajan

Hi Srajan, reading your review, it seems that your main complaint was the lack of emotional attachment (being too clean/cool) - did you try using them on a tube preamp by any chance? The way it sounds is a conscious choice. Some people like it, others don't. But to some extent, this can be balanced out or counteracted with some mixing & matching with the source device. One of our customers had some good things to say about that combo (Première + tube pre). Noel Neu

I didn't have a tube preamp on hand so couldn't make that test. Otherwise I'd have mentioned it. With reviewers, it's usually always "if we did it, we said so, if we didn't say so, we didn't do it". As clearly outlined in my review, I tried three different sources: Sonnet Pasithea; iFi iDSD Pro Signature, and Oppo BDP-105D. I only inserted the Wyred4Sound transistor preamp because your 4V input sensitivity had me run out of gain before I got loud enough. But I didn't try to strategically mold the sound of your active speakers. I simply described what I heard in three different systems. If one wanted more tuneability, allowing users access to frequency-domain tweaks in DSP like Kii do it with their Controller could be conceptually ideal with this DSP speaker? Srajan

Hi Srajan, don't know if you read this. According to the newspaper article, MoFi claimed its expensive reissues were purely analog reproductions. It had been deceiving its customer base for years. Gee, should I only listen to DSD files from now on? Best regards, and a wonderful summer filled with great music. Didier 

Not being into vinyl, I'd not come across this brouhaha before. Truth in advertising and the slaughter of sacred cows, huh? Srajan

Hello Srajan. I have been following your reviews with great interest, notably your recent subwoofer tests for hifi integration. Your upcoming Børresen review is exiting me. My system consists of a fanless SSD PC server from with Audirvana Studio and a Dirac Live license not used right now, an Aqua La Scala MkII Dac pre Optologic, a Gryphon Diablo 250 with 2 RCA sub outs and Raidho bookshelf speakers (50Hz–50kHz, 6Ω, 85dB). In a 50m² room, I am indeed thinking of adding a subwoofer if my wife permits. Needless to say that with your upcoming review of Børresen bookshelf speakers not unrelated to the Raidho speakers, I will be most interested to read about your thoughts and tests of their proper audiophile integration with a subwoofer and how, should you think you even need extra bass in your larger room. I am wondering whether a 'mere' Dynaudio 18S would bring something to the table using my amp's sub out or for that matter a REL's both praised and hated high-level connection, notably a REL Carbon Special or white S812 (but are these any better than a closed double woofer 18S?); whether to use the Dirac Live VST3 plugin or not inside Audirvana; whether to buy an expensive crossover or other device to manage bass between monitors and a sub; or several of these solutions together? About the latter you have also covered much ground in your reviews and raised many interesting points. Have a nice day. Looking forward to your reviews. Best regards, Didier Gras, Bordeaux, France

A few things. The Børresen X3 won't be a monitor but 4-driver 2½-way floorstander. For extension, it probably won't really need a subwoofer. My rationale for the big sub is its cardioid dispersion pattern and velocity converter not pressure generator principle. It also acts as free room treatment across its bandwidth so has far superior stop/go from much reduced reflections. It's not primarily about bolting on more raw extension though with most speakers, that also factors. I've gotten best results from hi/lo-pass integration so REL's approach doesn't work for me. I've not experimented with Audirvana plug-ins of late but did try an embedded digital EQ during a long-ago Spatial review. I don't see why a digital crossover embedded in Audirvana couldn't work very well. Because our upstairs is a PC-free zone, I've gone down the active analog route which comes at an obvious cost relative to a plug-in. With your Raidho monitor, I guarantee that crossing at say 80Hz to a capable sub will not only give you more bass extension but much increased dynamics and lower distortion for the monitor which no longer sees any low bass at all; and more snap and impact in music's power region. I ended up with the Dynaudio 18S because it specs virtually identical to the €2'500 consumer model minus a fancier finish; and because I wanted a sealed force-cancelling design of compact dimensions. John Darko gets excellent results with DSP-based smart bass management à la Lyngdorf/NAD super integrateds. I've tried DSP filtering with a Bel Canto DAC. That too worked very well. It also eliminates the extra box of my outboard analog filter. You'd obviously need a 4-channel DAC or two stereo DACs to filter digitally. Back to the X3 review, that's not entirely confirmed yet since the responsible parties in Denmark are currently on vacation. I'll know by early August whether that's a go; in which case first production is planned for October so nothing really imminent. Srajan

... but why on earth is it so complicated or expensive to keep one's existing components and do a high and low pass for a stereo pair and sub? Best regards. Didier

My sentiments precisely. It's why I'm so keen on Pál's Gradient Box to finalize (first working proto promised for end of this month). It'll be the problem solver for those of us smart enough to have that problem in the first place. Srajan

By the way, I am sure you are aware of the REL rhetoric about high pass filtering. And from Grimm :"Still the conclusion from Section 3 remains valid that for high quality transparent well-controlled low-frequency sound reproduction one should use a closed-box enclosure. In two other papers it is shown that the favourable time response can even be further improved by active velocity or acceleration feedback." So no REL. But isn't the Dunaudio precisely designed for pro monitors? Didier

Until we have personal experience, all is rethoric. I've tried REL's approach and am very familiar with it. I much prefer what I do now so can only speak to that. I've reviewed the Grimm velocity-feedback subs. The only thing 'pro' about the Dynaudio are the built-in filter settings optimized for their own Pro-range monitors. But you can bypass their filter entirely or set it to the values you like. Their online manual has all the details Srajan

A last question Srajan, which may be of interest to those like me reading your reviews: any chance the 2021 SPL Sound Performance Lab crossover will be completed do you think? Best regards, Didier.

Their regional importer SPL referred me to isn't willing to send me a loaner so that review has been cancelled, sorry. Srajan

Dear Srajan, am I wrong thinking that you had the new Rethm Trishna in your lineup of previews? It's gone now. Does that mean it's cancelled; or just delayed because of availability issues which seem to plague everyone at the moment? Sheamus 

In the current climate, one-way shipping from India to Ireland alone was exorbitant. Add 23% VAT to get into the country. Add shipping back to India. Add re-importation fees. Current realities conspired against making this happen. So yes, it's been cancelled. Even supply chain challenges factored on their 8Ω woofers though that part did become available again I was told. In countries where Rethm have distribution, it'll be far easier to organize temporary review loaners. Michael Lavorgna already took receipt of Aarka for his website. In due time I'd expect that bigger Rethms will land in the US to find their way into sundry reviewer rooms. Rethm simply have no distribution in Ireland or the UK. So not everything we plan on or would like to do happens. Srajan

Hello Srajan, hope all is well. Due to lack of space and another major move, I sold my beloved ATC EL 150A after some 13 years. For the interim I've been considering an all-in-one active system such as D&D 8C or even the latest KEF LS60. But after reading your recent review of the Audio Physic Spark monitors, I am quite interested in adding them to my shortlist. I couldn't quite work out what amplifiers you tried with the Spark other than Enleum. All the best., Mevlut Dinc

Kinki Studio EX-B7 monos. Srajan

Srajan, now that your Pink Faun 2.16 ultra review has wrapped, any chance you'll be reviewing Taiko's Extreme next? As you suggested in your extro, it's likely the most direct competitor and priced similar. It would be great to read what the sonic differences might be. Cheers, Simon

M&H already reviewed and awarded the Extreme so I doubt the firm would want another review. Also, the Pink Faun will be picked up today to return to The Netherlands. It won't be around for any comparisons. In short, there's no direct A/B in the wind even if Emile Bok of Taiko were to contact me for a review like Jord Groen of Pink Faun did a few weeks back. But again, I see no reasons why Emile would. Certainly whoever gets to hear those two machines side by side won't be me. Srajan

Remember the Schiit Loki Max? Will try one out tomorrow. Vince

I never got one but it could be an effective tool to dial in a bit of LF lift with your sub. Srajan

First impressions are poor. With all knobs at 12 o'clock, the sound level is 6dB down versus with the EQ off. To maintain the original level one would have to set all knobs at 3PM which increases hum and limits the equalizer's functionalities. Despite positioning it far away from electromagnetic sources on Hifistay feet, it still injects an unhealthy dose of hum even at 12 o'clock (fully balanced XLR connections from Tambaqui into icOn 4SE into Schiit into Amp-23R, all components fed by Puritan). The improvement of boosting 20Hz by +3/6dB is noticeable and positive. Unfortunately the Schiit reduces the soundstage, timbres are less precise, highs lose color/air and the overall experience goes down three notches. I tried placing the Schiit between Tambaqui and icOn 4SE. All the issues amplify by a factor of 1.5. I'll let it run in for a few days but am not optimistic it's a keeper. In a way it makes me understand why it takes Pal such efforts to do what he does. Vince

Reading up on the big inductors and their open admission for hum potential, that part of the design had me concerned without user feedback or reviews to the contrary. We know that the icOn and Enleum are ultra quiet and the icOn adds no gain so it's sad to hear that the hoped-for improvement in the LF is so much offset by an audible increase in noise. That makes me glad I resisted an impulse buy. Thanks for letting me know! Srajan

"What if a DAC already cooks at two Michelin stars (from your Aether preview)?" I guess the answer is that it could aspire to three Michelin stars, the ne plus ultra rating chez Michelin. On the other hand, if one had a more prosaic DAC, it might be rated a Bib Gourmand. What, pray tell, is that?  An inspector favorite: good value for the money. How do I know these things?  When I was an active employee, my team at Michelin North America helped launch the Michelin Guides in North America. The French director of the guide once asked me to create an icebreaker for him with US journalists. Knowing that many of them would ask what it was like to be an inspector for the guide, I suggested he tell them, "being an inspector for the Michelin Guide is like being in the witness protection program... (artful pause)... only the food is much better." Cheers, Michael Fanning

Hi Srajan, I was about to wish you well then realized that I don't need to, you're one of the lucky few who haven't had the C-virus as yet. Have you ever had a listening room with suspended wooden floors? Did you need to do anything to damp the floor of sympathetic resonances ? I feel I'm losing bass because of a suspended wooden floor. Cheers, David Masilamoni

Indeed, no C19 yet and that without any vaccinations. As to your question, yes but not exactly how you may think. It's not that I damp the floor. I simply prevent the gear, speakers and sub from sinking energies into it. That relies on decouplers so the opposite of spikes. We want to disrupt the transmission of mechanical resonances into the floor where they amplify and propagate. Coupling a subwoofer to a floor is no different than coupling a subwoofer to the chassis of a boom truck. The boom-truck owner is looking to maximize bass output so he uses his car like a giant resonator. A piano does the same with its soundboard. Guitars and violins do by coupling their strings to resonant tone wood. Replace a piano soundboard with concrete and watch the sound die. If we take away the floor as a structural resonator (and suspended upstairs wood floors are excellent resonators), we will delete its contribution to SPL. That's like room gain. Each reflective surface adds output to the signal. Isolators or bass traps reduce SPL/output/power but increase clarity. Like reflections, resonances are always late. They happen after the original/direct event. Late means delayed. If direct signal is followed by delayed signal, the result is a blur in time. The sharp thin line drawn by a hard tip becomes a smudged thick line with ambiguous edges.

Isolating speakers and subwoofers from the floor so they can't talk to it and it doesn't talk back (always late) improves time-domain behavior. That improves clarity, definition and intelligibility. But it also removes some structural gain. If you've looked at anechoic speaker measurements, you'll see that invariably, the response drops like a rock below 100Hz. That's because all speaker designers count on room gain to add itself to their response. If that were flat in an anechoic chamber, it'd get bass heavy like hell in actual rooms. The same applies to isolation. You gain speed, precision and transparency but you'll give up some output. With an active bass system, that's easily compensated. With passive bass, it's not unless you do it with software EQ in the digital source. So if you say that you're losing bass because of a suspended wooden floor… yes and no. You're losing timing precision and pitch definition because the floor gets involved and talks back; but you're gaining some free output for the very same reason. Makes sense? Srajan

Dear Srajan, I have a question and hope you can give me an answer. I'll try to give you a short explanation where my question comes from. 3½ years ago I became sick with a particular distortion syndrome and life became even more complicated than it always have been for me. I'm 47 years old. I always was a music lover and probably even more an equipment lover but 3½ years ago something changed. Because of my situation I took my hifi and placed it in my small attic to start a listening environment. I experimented with everything I could find and discovered acoustics. I ended, after a lot of second-hand gear and speakers as a proud owner of the Trafomatic Kaivalya and some Decware Zenmaster speakers and some ASI products. All blended together on my attic like audio heaven after 3 years. Day in day out I spend more than 6 hours in that room to finetune everything.

But I always thought it could still sound better and it was never enough. I lost my satisfaction andt rue love for the music and stopped listening to music. So 1½ years ago I sold everything, even the Kaivalya. I needed the money and wanted to go back to the basics of just enjoying the music. The one thing i never sold were the ASI products and I never will. So now I listen to music in my living room again and I'm learning to use the ASI products fully. It takes a lot of reading and experimenting;  difficult difficult difficult. But I want to go back to the basics and here is where I want to ask you a question. What is the reason you placed the listening seat against the wall and the speakers at the beginning of your listening environment? Why didn't you choose the other way around?

I ask this question because of my reading on speaker placement of Audio Physic speakers (I own a pair of Virgo V). My room gives me a lot of dips beneath 70Hz. I tries everything to solve that with speaker placement and seating position. Audio Physic's idea is to place the listening position against the wall and the speakers in the middle of the room, just like you have. So I was wondering and wondering and decided to send you an email. I just want to find the best as possible placement so I finally rest to enjoy music and I could create something like you have. So maybe I could get further on my search when I understand your choice of speaker placement and listening position in your listening environment. The only thing is that I won't be able to use the three resonators on the wall behind the speakers or the sugar cube grids on the wall behind because there is no wall...

Beside all that, your listening environment looks incredible beautiful and most of all peaceful and relaxing. Best regards, Steven van der Meer

A few things, Steven. I use a big Ripol subwoofer which is already 6dB up at 80Hz. Ripol means a cardioid dipole dispersion pattern. Essentially, there's total acoustic cancellation to the left and right of the subwoofer and partial cancellation at its back facing the front wall. It's very directional bass, not the typical omnipolar bass. That directional bass works like very effective room treatment across the bandwidth which the subwoofer covers so from 20Hz to a bit past 80Hz. The speakers are far out into the room so away from the front wall. That's so the sound disassociates from the boxes and the room. The sound doesn't stick to the boxes nor does it stick to the front wall. My seat is very close to the rear wall but I leave the door behind it open. There's just a thick curtain covering the door frame. That absorbs some high frequencies but is totally transparent at the low frequencies. Rather than getting trapped in the room to cause pressurization and more reflections, those bass frequencies disperse into a long hallway then my office. It's a cheap trick to make a listening room behave bigger than it is. It's like a hole in a tire. It deflates the pressure buildup.

Again, this very different subwoofer with its unusual radiation pattern removes the usual bass problems which omni bass always causes in a room. The speaker baffles are close to 3m from the front wall and toed in sharply to not see any side walls. There's a hole in the wall behind my seat with a curtain across it; and there's another curtain on the front wall with a bit of an air gap behind it. That removes some HF reflections. Here is another 'trick'. You will have seen tweeters not centered on a speaker baffle but over to one side. Now such a tweeter has two different distances from the baffle edges. It makes one bigger issue into two smaller ones to be easier to overlook. The same applies to speaker setup. Say you set both speakers 50cm from the sidewalls. Whatever issue that causes somewhere in the audible range, you've got it twofold - once in the left channel, once in the right. If instead you set up one speaker 50cm and the other 60cm, you dilute one bigger issue into two smaller ones. Whilst symmetry is ultra important for the stereo image to enforce perfectly matched path lengths between left speaker to listening seat and right speaker to listening seat... dialing in some deliberate asymmetry in how that symmetrical listening triangle sits within the room can be very advantageous.

And yes, I tend to very often end up with an Audio Physic-type setup. That's not because I follow Joachim Gerhardt's original measurements to the letter; but because from experience, it gives me the best results. My recipe thus tends to be far away from the front wall; set up as wide as the room allows; toed in steeply to see no sidewalls; and then moving the chair where I get the most linear response. That could be closer than the speakers are apart. The idea is that the far-from-the-front and steeply toed-in side-wall setup minimizes the effect your room has on the sound. If in addition you then sit rather close, you minimize even more reflections. But as you noticed painfully already, one can obsess too much to lose the plot. Our senses are very adaptive. We can get used to a lot very quickly. If you really want to get back at basics, forget about chasing perfection. Get it as good as you can within your means and inside a reasonable time frame. Then allow yourself to get used to that sound so you enjoy it on its own merit, not by constant comparison to some abstract ideal. Otherwise you'll end up in the same place again - of not enjoying the music because it could always be better so is never good enough. Srajan

Srajan, thank you so much for taking my question serious and the time to answer it. To me the things you explain about speaker placement are extremely helpful and give me some peace of mind. I would give a better suited thanks if my English was more okay but I can't find the words to explain. I just fully understand what you explain and to me that is a great thing because it means i start to understand audio/acoustics/placement etc more and more even though I have a lot to learn. Your hint of dialing in some deliberately asymmetry in how that symmetrical listening triangle sits within the room I take very serious and am going to experiment with first thing in the morning. Thanks again, Steve

Speakers virtually always soundstage best with plenty of room behind them. How wide you space them determines soundstage width but can also affect tonal balance. Sometimes moving speakers too far apart will not just hollow out center fill but make them leaner overall. What I listen for when determining ideal distance from the front wall is that the music starts to detach from the speaker enclosures and room boundaries. I don't want to hear the front wall and its corners. That statement doesn't make any sense (how does one hear the front wall and its corners?) until you experiment with moving the speakers farther and farther away from that wall by increments. There will come a point where the difference is very obvious. Something gets suddenly 'liberated'. However you call it, you'll know when it happens. Next you'll experiment with width unless your room is quite narrow to only give one option. If you have more options, watch for image focus, center fill and tonal balance. Then you adjust where your seat is relative to the 'liberated' speakers. All of it interrelates. There isn't necessarily a precise sequence. One change can prompt another and so forth. This is simply how I tend to do it most of the time. Depending on your layout, sometimes the most effective placement is diagonal. Now you're looking directly at a room corner in the center of the soundstage. The sidewalls run away from the speakers so those can sit quite close to them again sharply toed in. Again, this diagonal needn't be perfectly symmetrical so the room corner needn't be precisely in the middle. It could be slightly over to the left or right. What always must be the same is the distance and angle of each speaker to your seat. Our 2.0 video system [bottom of that page] sets up diagonal in a nearly square room which works out swell without looking audiophile extreme. Srajan

Hi Srajan, am really intrigued by your forthcoming review of the Wattson Audio DAC. I am one who always wants to reduce boxes, ditch the preamp and go one-box DAC/pre. But I have always found DAC digital volume controls to be lifeless while a good DAC with an analog volume severely reduces your options as there aren't many of them to choose from. Maybe the Leedh type of volume control can open doors to lesser DACs having good digital volume for once? Your review will be the first indication. The idea of Leedh itself is also intriguing in proposing that a nearest whole number like 0.1485 sounds far better than an infinite series like 0.148148148. It's surprising that someone hadn't thought of this before and wondered if it could make a difference. Kind regards, Jonas Harrow

Hello Jonas, the only small fly in this ointment at the moment seems to be some firmware tweaking Wattson are still making before they'll dispatch my loaner. I still don't have it. That Leedh works really well I already know from the last Lumin server I reviewed. It really is a better way to do digital volume. Since Wattson do the boards for Vermeer who also implement Leedh, I'm certain they have solid experience with it so know exactly what to do for their own machine. So fingers x'd that it'll show up sooner rather than later. Srajan

Hello Srajan, you'll be interested to hear that once we switched speakers to the Vox3A or Libération, we ended up using the 75Hz hi/lo-pass cut-off most of the time. Sound quality improved across the full spectrum: bass because of the unique Ripol dispersion in the low frequencies, mid-highs because of the much easier load on the main amp and drivers which translated to greater dynamics and transparency. Pál Nagy passed by yesterday evening and was very pleased about the contribution of his icOn 4Pro passive preamp and analog filters to this progressive setup. It will take time to shift customer habits but for those who have tasted it, the sound|kaos monitor + Ripol sub combination is the new king in town. Vincenzo

I'm not surprised at all. Running Ripol higher up also has room-cleaning benefits because modes typical between 50-120Hz get cancelled out. That cleans up not just the bass but also the midrange. I just wrote a short article on that. Everything I said there applies to Ripol vs. regular omni bass. And yes, Vox3awf + sub kills and looks very décor-friendly to boot. Srajan

Room cleaning is exactly what's at play here. Ghostbusters! The question now is what is the optimal Ripol cut-off frequency: if 120Hz is indeed the optimal frontier, shouldn't we go for two smaller Ripol subs in stereo? If rumors are to be believed, I understand this one is on your radar. For the fun of it, my shortlist of findings in Munich this year: Cube Audio's Jazzon which despite a few purist shortcomings brings a ton of joy and energy to the listener. Wolf Von Langa Son and Serendipity monitors - stunning performance across the board. I'll try to put my hands on a pair and run them with SK sub. The Ilumnia Magister MkII improve on their previous version and reminded me of M&H. Two separate subs were sitting nearby but still at prototype stage. Living Voice Auditorium R25… boy those can play big and right. Notwithstanding Martin's Sub, my top discovery was the Raal-Requisite SR1a headphone (another find of yours!) which I tried with their new dedicated amp. Probably the ultimate reference tool that is capable of taking you to sound nirvana and simultaneously makes you realize the limitations which our listening rooms and transducers have in reproducing sound. Needless to say, a full set is on the way from Serbia!

My hifi stable will also soon welcome a pair of Ferrari-red Vivid Audio B1 Decade as part of my quest for another great partner to the sound|kaos sub; and Alberto's Gran Vivace amps, an overall stunner and the most effective bass amp I have encountered to date. So more experiments on the horizon. Vincenzo

At 120Hz I might be leaning to two 2x12" subs indeed. The cut-off will depend on room size. The smaller the room, the higher the room modes so Ripol action across broader bandwidth becomes advantageous. The thing is, without compensation for their -6dB/oct. roll-off below the resonant frequency, we've not yet heard all they can do. It's why Siegfried Linkwitz always actively compensated his dipoles at the bottom; or championed a box sub below the lowest room mode. It's why Pál's Gradient Box will be important. Not only do we get to select the filters we want, we can dial in an all-pass shelving filter to notch up 20Hz by +3dB or +6dB. That'll be yet another frontier to cross. And yes, the Raal ribbons are my reference for sonic purity unmolested by room issues, energy storage, reflections and box sound. I come unreasonably close to that sound with the DMAX Super Cubes on the desktop nearfield.

In the big system the room above 100Hz still interferes. Perhaps the Liber|8 would sort that out. For dynamic speakers that are Raal-quick, Vivid and Børresen would be my top choices indeed. Good call on the Vivid. The Jazzon now runs a rubber surround not the foamie I reviewed. That apparently gives it more resolution and better bass control. I actually thought Martin would bring two smaller Ripol subs to Munich. In which case I'd have bought one of them right afterwards. We'll see. Sooner or later, I'll go Ripol upstairs as well.

Still waiting to get more details on the Ilumnia proto subs. They claim 10Hz-100Hz bandwidth. I want to know what kind of loading and whether it's another one of their unusual drivers converted to woofer duty. The thing is, no matter how you try to tell people that cardioid bass is the new frontier, nobody really gets it until they've heard it. Not even Martin understood fully what he had until he received those Carbide Audio decouplers to eliminate the structural feedback from the suspended wooden floor of his Swiss chalet. So it's like being a prophet in the wilderness. Nobody believes you; until they've heard it. And there are very few places where you can hear that. I'm just glad that after 20 years on the beat, I managed to hear it for myself and now get to enjoy it every day I fire up the big system. It does ruin one for anything else, alas. Hopefully the visitors to Martin's exhibit recognized what was responsible for the difference. It really is a new way of hearing. As a reviewer it's a bit of a curse since you hear right away what's wrong with conventional bass yet can't blame their speakers or you shouldn't accept to review them in the first place. Which, to be sure, would leave you with virtually no speakers to review, period. Or you must tell their designers that you'll filter them out across the lower two to 2½ octaves to hand over to a Ripol subwoofer. And who would agree to that, particularly if it's a bigger speaker whose maker takes pride in hitting 30Hz or below? When I mentioned it to one maker, he completely failed to understand that it was a matter of dispersion pattern not extra extension. "We make 25Hz already so no subwoofer is required." Total miss despite my best efforts at explaining the difference. Happy educating your customers, Vincenzo! Srajan

Hello Srajan, I would like to thank you for your many trials to like my Vintage Oslo II. Truth and freedom of opinions are important everywhere. It is one of the reasons why I regard you and 6moons. It takes bravery to say 'no'. If you cannot find my wavelength with these minis, it simply happens. Critical words are always necessary but I want to hear them from friendly persons. I hope that their bigger brother will make you enjoy the music much more. I just played old records by Ray Charles and Etta James over Vintage Horten. Vintage Oslo cannot compare in any way with this sound. Very hard to reset ears. Best regards, Jarek - Ancient Audio

Hello Srajan, I have always been fascinated by these Raal SR1a headphones but unable to justify the purchase price. This clearance sale however just made it affordable if I sell my early serial # AKG K1000 and Yamaha B2 amplifier; the main compromise being that it would be the HSA-1a amplifier and not HSA-1b which, I  gather, is a little better for the Raal headphones and much better for the quality of the conventional headphone output. With your familiarity with the market, would you suggest jumping on this deal? $3'300 for an SR1a + HS1a? Thanks for your input. Russell 

As you know, these are my favorite headphones. Many people poo-poo the Schiit Jotunheim R just because it's relatively cheap. Having tried these ribbons on most resident amps including the big Pass Labs XA-30.8 via the impedance adapter box, I call BS on that. Yes one can improve on the Schiit (not by much), but these ribbons are so far ahead of the game, it doesn't really matter. So if the price is doable, I'd say jump on the ribbons. I've never heard Raal's own amp so have no opinion on that. Srajan

Thanks. I will jump on the headphones and go the Jotunheim R route as well. Your reasoning makes good sense. I wasn't sure if you still regarded the Raal SR1a as highly as you once did and it is reassuring that you still do. There seemed to be so little mention of them of late, I had started to wonder if the near hysteria accompanying their introduction was yet another transient phenomenon. But that may simply reflect the fact that I have not been watching developments so intently over the last few years as I wind my recording activities down to almost nothing.

My last big project stretched from 2017 to 2020 with a two-week session in 2017 and another in 2019 resulting in a 3-disc CD set of the complete Bach Partitas for harpsichord; the first time they have been released in full form including repeats. In previous releases repeats were skipped to squeeze all onto two discs. The harpsichordist was Colin Tilney who has been recording since the early 60s. He was 85 then (88 now) and this will have been his last recording. Mixing and mastering to his satisfaction was a five-month challenge. He loves the result. I haven't seen the reviews but then haven't looked. Russell

The Raal are my best/most resolved transducers now followed by the Super Cubes set up on their own stands off the desktop. It's good to hear that a recording artist is so involved with the final mix. If they all were, perhaps we'd have better-sounding recordings? Srajan

Gratifying again to see you rank the Super Cubes so near the Raal. I guess the effort in the recording was worth it for Classics today to give the recording quality a 10; they don't often do it seems. Tilney's musical interpretation creates widely varied reactions. Like Aram Gharabekian, he tends to choose slow tempi and to draw out the maximum meaning and emotion to disregard the 'danceability' of the piece. Aram consciously did that with his interpretation of Prokofiev's Romeo and Juliet suites, which are usually (reflexively) played at tempi appropriate to ballet dance demands, sacrificing potential musical nuance. Here's a favorable review of Tilney's interpretation. Russell

Classical music is, at heart, an interpretative business I think. One plays not one's own music but someone else's who lived in a particular time, place and culture. Today's historical music research is well informed on things like instrumental tuning, original timbre, how fast or slow things were played, what kind of embellishments were popular at the time and more. That limits the scope of allowable deviations from the perspective of the notated score. Great musicians of course make other people's music their own. Shy of composing new solos for concertos, one can't really play any new notes though. The most obvious parameters of interpretation then become phrasing and pace. On top of that, musicians age and mature. Young ones are often prone to playing fast just to show off technique. Older ones often prefer to say more with less, to let silences between notes speak more. And routinely that means slower tempi.

I always find that whatever reading we're exposed to first tends to imprint us. If we fall in love with it, any subsequent interpretations can seem wrong. Hence so many different responses to individual classical recordings. When I played in an orchestra (we did Bruckner's 4th, Tchaikovsky's 4th and 6th, Schubert's 8th, Brahms 3rd, Pictures of an Exhibition, Ravel's Bolero, Debussy's Le Mystère de St. Sebastian, Rach's 3rd Piano Concerto with Alexis Weissenberg, Beethoven's 9th, Prokovieff's 5th and more), I remember how intently the conductor shaped our reading to conform to his ideas. When I subsequently heard these symphonies played by other orchestras under other conductors, I had this inside view on the composition as bestowed upon me by playing it. So any deviations by another interpretation caused an immediate emotional friction. It's how imprinting works, isn't it? Srajan

You've said a lot in those five paragraphs! I agree with your analysis. I sometimes ponder the difference between what we refer to as 'art' and as 'craft'. I think the notion of the distinction might be illusory but so far I have not had any blinding revelations; still I wonder. I went ahead today and ordered the Raal SR-1a after agonizing for a couple of weeks over the choice: am I crazy given how little time I spend using headphones? Could my money be better spent on something more convenient like Bluetooth cordless, noise cancelling? But then my curiosity and idealism prevailed, plus the idea that I can pass them on to my son Simon when (and if) I'm done with them. That and I have always valued a beautiful midrange. I imagine the highs and the bass will be welcome qualities, too.

Simon is also engaged in recording, having completed a degree in music production in Berlin a few years ago. Particularly though, I know he would find them very useful in his music-transcribing activities. He is amazingly good at unravelling complex music and particularly likes Cuban music. He has shown me his work, pointing to where we are in the music. For the life of me I can barely hear the keyboard part at all, let alone have the ability to write it out. He was involved in transcribing a lot of Cuban music for a publication coming out of Los Angeles after having passed the test of transcribing a piece written by a friend of the compiler which had never been written out (as most popular Cuban music never has). The composer agreed that it was correct. In Cuban written music, all the percussion parts are explicitly written out as opposed to the N.A. jazz tradition where all the percussionist gets is 'swing' or 'slow shuffle' etc.

Danny McKinney of Raal Requisite is including as a bonus his favorite cable for use with the Jotunheim R. The cable requirements are unusual here as the headphones have a lower resistance than the wire so a fair amount of the amplifier's energy is lost in the short cable driving the 'phones. After talking at length, I think he saw himself in me and thought I would appreciate the difference. I think he was impressed by the fact that 30 years ago, I made custom microphone cables for myself that cost me $700 in 1992 dollars for the materials for the 35' stereo pair. I feel I made out well getting the headphones and the better cable for $1'700. Tomorrow I'll order the Schiit Jotunheim R, probably with the digital input for the occasional convenience unless you know of D/A converters for $200 that are better. Then I'll try again to order a pair of Super Cubes from Andrew. I tried on April 28th but got no reply. Maybe he is overwhelmed with orders after your review? Russell

Andrew could be under water since, I believe, he resides in Russia. It's probably why he hasn't replied. Camerton Audio's designer is ex Ukranian now living in Berlin. Lots of his friends and family still live in the Ukraine so he's been involved in providing humanitarian aid and doing whatever else he can to help. Hopefully both gents will pop back up in audio when current events let them. To me, craft is technique as in, practice a thing 10'000 times or for 10 years and become proficient at it, be that baking bread or painting. In Bali I saw crafts villages dedicated to different crafts, so woodcarving in one, metal sculptures in another, textiles in another, batik dying in yet another and so forth. They were incredible craftsmen/women who could produce 100 Buddha sculptures looking virtually identical yet fashioned by different individuals. That's craft. Change one letter and it becomes graft. Nearly the same thing.

Art relies on more. It sits atop craft so craft is a prerequisite. The added ingredient is true inspiration so creativity. It's not about copying or acquiring skills that can go on near automatic based on muscle memory and other patterns in the nervous system. I often think that without free improvisation, musicians aren't real artists. My brother and sister are French horn players in German orchestras. My brother is the 1st/solo horn in the Hamburg Elb Philharmonic. My sister is the 3rd horn in the Wiesbaden Opera. They're civil servants who play the music of others for a living; never their own. I've often regretted not having ordered my Schiit Jotunheim R with the USB DAC. I actually needed an S/PDIF input which they didn't offer. I don't listen to the Raal on my desktop. I'd not get any work done. And upstairs I don't use any USB. But for $200 it seems like a real no-brainer and like you said, what else is out there for that money? A Topping perhaps or another ChiFi wonder? Srajan

Hello Srajan, I've ordered the Raal SR1b to be shipped when Danny McKinney returns from Munich. I'm also ordering a Jotunheim R and was on point to include a Bifrost 2 based on a few strong reviews, the inclusion of absolute polarity reversal, sophisticated USB with galvanic isolation, matching size, future-proofiness afforded by modular analog and USB cards, firmware updates enabled by micro SD card and finally the fact that Mike Moffat is the designer. I have respected his work since I heard a Theta CD player back around 1988 or 89. Up until then I had never heard much difference between players but this sounded obviously better and not by a little. I was skeptical of my impression to mentally shelf it, thinking it was a kind of anomaly but I never forgot it. Another factor was that I couldn't afford the player so it was convenient to think that I might have been mistaken. Anyway now I respect him and I take comfort in knowing that this, 40+ years later, is his latest thinking. Once again I take advantage of your connections and vast experience with all manner of gear to seek your blessing regarding this combination of equipment.

The other apparent contender to replace the Bifrost 2 seems to be the Topping D90SE which as far as I can see may lack the polarity function and galvanically isolated USB circuit and nice metal remote but includes level control, Bluetooth and the ability to play certain to-me-exotic digital streaming formats. Being a Luddite by nature, digital streaming is something I haven't kept up with. I can barely keep up with computers. I'm a very late adopter partly because I put all my money into buying the very best recording chain I could afford. I figured I'd rather make the best recordings I could even if I couldn't actually hear them on my own system. The closest I got to actually hearing what I had captured was on my Etymotic Research ER-S IEM. I got my first smartphone only a year and a bit ago. Anyway, have you had opportunity to check out these two DACs? Thanks and cheers, Russell 

I've not heard either the Topping or Bifrost 2. I think you'd be well served either way. To my mind, it's more down to money, looks and features. I didn't know that the Raal were now in gen 2. Mine are still the SR1a. Do you know what's different? Either way you'll be in for a real surprise. But do yourself a favor. No matter your first reaction, allow the sound to grow on you for a few days before you come to conclusions. If you're anything like me, you'll never have heard this type of playback purity, speed and dynamics before especially in the upper ranges. If so, it takes a small mental reset to get your bearings; and after that, everything else sounds, to varying degrees, slow, muddy, bloated and fuzzy. Also, the steel headband can be shaped to fit your noggin so don't hesitate to bend it. It's very strong. Srajan

According to Danny the only differences between SR1a/1b are the metal grill which has been altered slightly to more closely match the circumaural version; and the internal wires connecting the ribbons to the input jacks now being silver. He said the sound was virtually identical. I wonder. I remember 30 years ago when wire was just being discovered as being significant and hearing the difference between good copper and good silver interconnects which our tech made in the high-end stereo store I briefly worked in. Visiting salesmen from other high-end stores thought our demo was rigged, so obvious was the difference even in apparent loudness. Around this time I read of microphone designers discovering to their dismay that they could hear the difference an inch or two of silver made inside their mics. I also heard a power cord made by our tech seemingly adding an octave to the bottom end of the sound from a turntable although I confess to not remembering whether the power cord went to the turntable or amp. Inconvenient truths have a way of being forgotten. I always lusted after the idea of six-nines silver mic cables but that was never to be.

As to getting used to the Raal, I have a hunch that I know what to expect. I have experienced how 'empty' a bass minus resonances can sound; and the equivalent in the midrange too. When I was designing loudspeakers in the 70s I made a few whose bass resonance was extremely curtailed. One followed an English designer's idea which put two woofers in an enclosure back to back so their mutual resonances (if they had identical fs) would cancel as proven by the flat impedance curve through what would have been the very high peak at resonance. It made all other speakers, ported or sealed, sound frankly stupid. The other design was one of my few genuine innovations. I made a coffee-table stereo subwoofer with the drivers' rears facing the holes in the baffle board stood off by about an inch so that the box which was filled with acoustic absorption functioned not to absorb the back wave completely but only by maybe 90%. The payoff was that the cone almost completely decoupled from the vibrating air mass inside the box and thus the bass was super clean. Imagine a cubic box with one corner chopped off and a baffle board across that corner so the back of the driver fired into the opposite corner, not an opposing flat surface. The rear wave of the driver sees a primitive anechoic chamber.

I was doing open-baffle line-array mids at the time and tried this to similar good effect. I termed this design principle an acoustic black hole and offered it free to Allan Shaw of Harbeth and Anthony Gallo but neither utilized it. I modified a pair of Martin Logan we had in store by standing off the bass drivers by ½" or ¾" and everyone agreed they sounded much better. Anyway, all these experiments aimed at reducing resonances and creating a more open articulate sound so I think that I am prepared somewhat for the Raal. And I think I have convinced myself to buy the Bifrost 2. Cheers, Russell 

Indeed, given your explanations I think you're very much ready for the Raal. I'll be interested to hear back once you've lived with them for a bit; about whether they met your mark and expectations. I've lost touch with Anthony Gallo who I always thought was a very smart cookie. I know that the original investor lost interest and the company sold to their UK importer who've continued primarily with the small spheres. But whether Anthony is still in audio, perhaps elsewhere behind the scenes as a consultant or ODM, I haven't a clue. Srajan

Srajan, in your Hi²Fi piece, you mention a system's behavioral IQ. That just might be the new frontier which redefines high-end audio. You aren't wrong that we need a new definition. We have suffered under this notion of an absolute sound for too long. It created a concept of inviolate purity, which a group of reviewers set down a long time ago whose views seem to have stopped at the recording studio and never took into full account the real world where playback happens. If their concept is believed, we aren't allowed to make any adjustments to the signal to improve the sound in our normal living rooms, which aren't treated studios of the mastering engineers or the anechoic chamber of a speaker designer or review magazine. Mr. Krebs brings up Bang & Olufsen whose flagship speaker really is a marvel of integrated technology. In the high end of today, B&O is rarely mentioned. He is right that something is wrong with that picture. He is also correct that DSP for room and speaker behavior must be easy to use. Somehow the big majority of audiophiles seems to have grown up with the original print magazines in the US whose views shaped the High End but haven't changed since then. They see themselves as the defenders of a way of doing things that has become outdated. I thought that your specific examples of what Mark Levinson and Gayle Sanders are up to today made that point well.

I just realized that while I agree with much that's been said in your article, I haven't offered anything of real substance to bring about any change but I'm not sure I would know where to even start. However, I'm thinking about it now. That seems to have been your intention so good job I say. - Jeremy

Thanks for your comments, Jeremy. I just appended them to the article. As to knowing where to start, when alternatives to the old way of doing things exist already, change on the personal level comes from simply opting out of the old and embracing the new. I think that's all the start we need. Srajan

Srajan, I wanted to comment briefly on your high-end challenge. What is that thing called high-end audio? I am with you and Darko in that it must represent the most current tech which, as you point out, includes effective room correction, smart bass management and efficient amplifiers with high power density. I also think that in the absence of such features which in the right hands have become already very mature, the term 'high end' mainly represents legacy tech that is sold at astronomical prices. It is the old guard, not the younger university graduates with their degrees in the latest of technologies. We have Nelson Pass and Richard Vandersteen still do what they did when they first started. Bruno Putzeys reinvented himself a few times already from Phillips to Hypex to Grimm, Kii, Mola Mola and Purifi. He has circled the whole sector by working in amplification, DSP, speakers, converters and raw drivers. Very impressive. John Darko reviewed the Buchardt speakers which seem to pack a lot of the latest tech very cost effectively. Goldmund in Switzerland occupy a strange middle ground with very expensive ugly active speakers that are limited to 24/96.

Like your article suggested, coming up with a new definition for what high-end audio should be in 2022 is hard. But you are certainly on the right track by pointing at ever more powerful digital signal processing that should be exploited at the amplifier, speakers and room end of things not just in streamers and DACs where it matters so much less. Perhaps the real challenge is interdisciplinary in that components or speakers which include the very latest technology require not just all the old design skills but also advanced know-how in software, modeling the acoustic sciences in code and having access to expensive laboratory equipment and anechoic chambers for the necessary measurements. Assembling a team of engineers that can cover all these bases would seem to be a very costly endeavor. Bang & Olufsen gets very little respect with audiophiles but for raw engineering resources, they would seem to already have such a team in place including advanced industrial designers. Perhaps a collaboration between them and the Aavik and Børresen people you have reviewed could work at the edge of the art of what is possible today and redefine high-end audio for our century? I would add that as technology gets ever more sophisticated, it can become harder and harder for the technically less fluent of us to embrace. So whatever high-end audio decides to become, it should remain intuitive to use. Getting geeky is not my idea of a good time or anything I am prepared to pay for. I want to enjoy the music, not get bogged down by owner's manuals written by lab rats or apps whose menus have more layers than an onion. Advanced tech should be easy to use. That is part of what makes it advanced. Those are my few cents on your topic. Thanks for reading. - Dr. Franklin Krebs

Good points, Dr. Franklin. I'm with you on user-friendliness. That's key. I also agree that B&O have amazing in-house resources; and fabulous designs. Thank you for your contribution. I added it to my article now. Srajan

Hi Srajan, we both have a penchant for a great desktop listen. I'll send you a pic of our new desktop headphone/monitor system when complete. It'd be best described as cartoon-like overkill. It would have an interior designer beg to have you fill the other 5 chambers in a game of Russian Roulette. Maybe we'll work on the optical design aspect once the nuts 'n' bolts function as intended. Onto my question. You've had a fair number of desktop monitors in house over the years, perhaps even more of late. I was wondering how your recent lineup might compare to the Eversound Essence which was so appealing a few years ago. Such an ambitious design. Of course if they're no longer around, it's probably not a fair comparison. Just thought I'd ask. Lastly, Jay's newest transport is nothing if not impressive. I can't help but wonder how it'd fare against another take like one of the Lektor CD players from Jarek at Ancient Audio. Best, Fred

Ivette inherited my Eversound/Feniks and lived happily ever - until after. After were Jarek's Fram Midi 120 which she much prefers. Those she inherited when the DMAX SC5 landed on my desk. Those are my hands-down favorites, albeit with the provisos detailed in my two reviews of 'em. Jay's transport is somewhere between France and Ireland right now. It should land soon. As to Jarek, he's working on a new transport using the latest CD-Pro8 from Austria's Stream Unlimited. He's very keen on that already. Srajan 

Thanks. I think that Sanyo drive is something that may sound 'better'. There was that collaborative Shigaclone DIY project with years of R&D. I heard the result at Atelier 13 and was very impressed. It was all centered on the Sanyo drive. Fred

Hi Srajan, good job on your podcasts with Darko. In just two sessions, you already covered lots of valuable information in a way that's conversational and easy to follow. Thanks to both of you. I'd like to propose another subject matter which a lot of budding audiophiles could use help with. That's how to buy the right system for their needs then set it up properly so they get the most out of it. I know there's all kinds of formulae and ratios for how to position speakers but perhaps you and John have something easier that works for you? While I have your attention, another topic that could be lighthearted fun would be to cover your pet peeves as reviewers doing this for a living. I'm sure that between the two of you, you've come across many incidents to talk about. In any case, some food for thought. Keep up the good work. Charles Loughton

We already got you beat on your first suggestion, Charles. That's exactly the topic for our next chat planned later this month. As to pet peeves, I'll propose it to John. You could be right. That too might fill a session. Not sure whether people will want to hear it though. I let John make that decision. He has a much better take on listener stats and his own audience. But thanks for the heads-up. Srajan

Hi Srajan, in a 2018 industry review article you mention that your interest was piqued after hearing the Diptyque speakers demo - obviously piqued enough to get you to go back a couple of times so you could get the opportunity to talk to someone about them. But I can't find a 6moons review of them. A friend of mine who has a pair of Nenuphar v 2 that he first drove with the Bakoon 13R and now with the Enleum 23R, has gotten a pair of Diptyque that he drives with a Crayon CIA 1T. He says that the Diptyque are so good that he doesn't want to listen to the Nenuphars anymore. So, naturally my interest has been piqued. I would go and hear his but he lives in Canada and I live in Italy. Too far to drive. So the next best thing was to see if you had expressed an opinion of them in a review. But, apparently you didn't. I know that it has been a long time since you heard them but I am wondering what your impression was at the time. Can you please tell me what you remember about them? Cheers, Peter

Nothing, sorry Peter. Like you said, that was 4 years ago at a show. I remember the name; and that nobody in the exhibit spoke English; I think. Which is why I went back hoping they'd then have an English speaker present to learn more about a company I'd not seen before. That's about it. Srajan

Srajan, I just set upon your latest review only to learn that it's been left in indefinite intro mode. That begs a real question. Why not just cancel it as the manufacturer asked? That would be so much cleaner and not send any mixed messages, unless those were your intention? Cheers, Thomas

That's a multi-layered issue, Tom. First, the review was a mutually made commitment to net the usual preview I publish before receiving my loaners. It went up months ago and I was already three good pages into it when the bell sounded. Why delete good work as though my time wasn't worth anything? I explained that and still was asked not to proceed. Two, our reviews document our interactions and experiences front to back so that prospective buyers may glean how they will be treated. Three, when things go pear-shaped as they will from time to time—that's simply the human condition—the real issue is not that they did but how they're being handled. Most any cockup can turn into real opportunity whenever there's willingness and true professionalism. When other choices are made, readers deserve to know as well. Just making things go away as though they never happened serves nobody. As is, this manufacturer at least knows now to improve their communications, packaging and scheduling. Caveat emptor and all that Jazz. Srajan

I appreciate that reviewing is how you make your living, Srajan. Don't think I don't get that. But what happens when a review gets cancelled after the fact like this one was? Does the manufacturer get a refund on whatever fee he paid to be reviewed? That would seem fair. On the other hand, there's the argument you already made; that you're already a few pages into it which represents time and energy on your part. No matter what, in this scenario somebody would seem to get the short end of the stick (just thinking out loud). Thomas

It's why we don't really cancel reviews. There should be no need when two parties have mutually agreed on doing a review in the first place. I work hard to be consistent so manufacturers know exactly what to expect. The cancellation scenario doesn't really present itself. Why would it? This case was unique in that I still had no woofers. I couldn't proceed when the curtain came down. I received no payment so if anyone got the short end, I did. Yes the maker is out two-way ship fees but they decided to back out, not I. This really was a very rare incident. Let's leave it at that, please! Srajan

I do agree that it rarely ever happens. That's why I had to ask. I didn't understand your reasons for leaving up a preview. I still don't agree entirely but as they say, you own your own business, you get to make the rules. Thomas

Hey Srajan, just read up on your recent updates as I usually do each month. Lots of exciting stuff to sort through. Loved the DMAX piece. Great find. Looking forward to how you frame them in your forthcoming chat with Darko. The new Jay's pieces look awesome too. Then Mytek and Wattson for compact but upscale converters with benefits seem very realistic, especially the Mytek. Not so sure about the Ancient speakers but if your profiling of them is on, perhaps they will deliver beyond their looks and minimal features. Those Camerton headphones seem to have been "coming soon" forever. Any updates on when those might actually arrive? You also seem impatient about the open baffles from Israel. As Patrick pointed out a few emails ago, it's surprising that things continue to arrive given what's happening in the Ukraine. But then all our lives can't suddenly stop, can they? (Rest withheld by request.) Florian 

Today's interconnectedness does mean that we're alerted to catastrophes elsewhere on the globe in virtually real time. Just so, our individual lives go on no matter how trivial they might appear given the terrible suffering other people experience at the very same time. Writing about toys for mostly boys as I do now does seem particularly shallow and self-absorbed. Yet doing this work supports those I write about. As small as that might be, it's my contribution to adding something positive to the overall goings-on. And correct, the Camerton assignment keeps getting pushed back. I was booked to interview the designer over Zoom weeks ago but he wasn't ready. He's originally from the Ukraine I believe so if he still has family there, he'll have far more important things than audio to worry about. I haven't inquired about the Binom ER status. When he's good and ready, he'll know how to find me. My first podcast review on the DMAX cubes was recorded two days ago. Now John needs to apply his editing magic and make it presentable. Apparently that'll go live next Friday so you'll find out what you think about that format soon. Srajan

From John Darko's Patron feedback: "John, the latest podcast was fantastic. That discussion of amplifier power, speaker efficiency/sensitivity and listening priorities (yep, I'm a "visual listener"), was the best synthesis of those topics I've ever heard (or read, for that matter). Kudos to you and Srajan!"

Srajan, didn't you have an Aretai review coming up? I just looked for it and couldn't find it. Is it still happening? I was looking forward to it. Bryan

The product wasn't available in the agreed-upon time frame so the review got cancelled. Unusual delays of course are becoming more commonplace these days. Rather than make individual announcements about it, I just remove items where necessary. If circumstances change, they're easily revived. Srajan

Hello Srajan, saw your short post on desktop stands. Stacking two might be a bit extreme though at €60/pr, if the required isolation gets you there, it's actually quite cost-effective. I like how you drove home the need for mechanical isolation in a way that could have some shake their heads in disbelief. It's a real issue. Going off desk with a floor stand at the right height is probably the most effective solution. But like you and John Darko like to remind us, looks are important too. Just because something works doesn't mean we fancy how it looks. Your setup actually looks very good so congrats on finding something that works for you. Cheers, Anton

I did look at floor stands but most have quite big bases/plinths. To keep things tidier, I opted for those tilt supports. My super-final solution now added thin sand-filled rubber pipes which I appropriated from my big Ardan Audio desktop stands. Six cable ties per double-decker stand attach them to sit neatly between table surface and steel. That has sorted the last faint bleed-thru on bass-heavy tunes played louder. So yes, sorting out desktop resonances in ways we find visually acceptable can be a bit tweaky. I just couldn't do the IsoAcoustics stilts though they might be 100% effective as is. Can't hack their looks. Srajan

Following your newsroom update, I tried a pair of Chord C-thru WiFi wireless wires over the weekend. They are so transparent and with such a low noise floor that I can finally enjoy listening to music at -20.3dB across the full frequency spectrum.  Pure audiophile bliss! Kudos to Chord to offer them in whatever length the customer requires. Thank you for the find Srajan. Vincenzo Picone

Minus 20dB below mute; that must be a new record, Vincenzo. Congrats for going where no listener has gone before. Cap'n Picard would salute you. Srajan

Srajan, I notice you keep plowing on while your preview pile stacks up. I take it delivery delays are compounding given the present state of affairs? If so, it's great to see that you still manage to get in some stuff to write about. Cheers, Patrick

Indeed, follow-on Brexit challenges, ongoing C19 effects and now the Ukraine war impact everything in our interconnected world. In our hifi sector, supply-chain shortages, drastically higher pricing for parts and shipping all conspire against usual scheduling. As the recent obituary for Exogal chronicled, sometimes a single part back-ordered by 2 years will kill an entire project even company because no replacement exists to adapt a product. Other makers adjust quietly by revamping a PCB to take different parts which remain available so that they can build, ship and sell products to remain in business. So yes, I'm grateful for loaners that do arrive no matter how late. Srajan

Srajan, cool review on the Russian cube speakers. Given the current situation, do you think these remain available for the time being? Have you heard anything? Thank you, Steve

My understanding is that for the EU, production and shipping are from Slovakia as already explained in the review. Unless Andrew living in Russia locks down his ability to do business out of Slovakia, I don't expect that availability for EU buyers will be impacted. But to be certain, it's best to ask him directly. My shipment happened well after the start of the Ukraine invasion but was three weeks late and Andrew did indicate that those three weeks were rough on him. This could be a quickly changing situation so just ask him when you're ready. Srajan

Srajan, Joël, I had previously exchanged some emails with Joël regarding audiophile switches. Joël uses a triple threat: an Aqvox SE which feeds an NPS 16 LAN switch from Silent Angel, which features an interesting option that Joël has employed. One may connect two zones in series: the signal from the router goes to Zone 1 and then is sent from it to Zone 2.  Thus the LAN signal is clocked twice so that one may reduce jitter in two steps. The source of the clock signal is a reference TCXO clock. I own the Bonn N8, a smaller 8-port switch by Silent Angel that is powered by an external SMPS. The N16 LPS has a built-in linear symmetrical (both transformer and regulators) power supply with two circuits for each zone.

In sum, Joël found the Aqvox SE plus NPS 16 to have a terrific effect (my words) on his system. He previously found the EtherREGEN (referred to subsequently as eR) to be less musical than the single Aqvox SE. I told Joël that I would try swapping the eR and  N8 to see which one had the best SQ in my system. Although I do not have the NPS 16 and thus cannot comment on its efficacy, I did try swapping both N8 and eR. Ultimately I found the eR to produce better sound. It's important to note that I use the optional fiber input to the eR and believe that is one reason for its better sound in my system. Of course I have not done any serious testing, unless one counts my aging 70-year-old ears!

About a month ago I read an interesting thread on AudiophileStyle about using an affordable external reference clock with the eR. UpTone, its manufacturer, had conveniently placed a 75Ω (50Ω on request) BNC input to the eR if one wished to bypass its internal XO clock and add a 10MHz reference clock. If one could beat its Crystek CCHD-575 internal clock's -125 at 10Hz phase-noise rating, theoretically one could achieve superior sound. After combing through various threads, I stumbled on UpTone engineer John Swenson's pithy paper about how one might pursue the external clock. Armed with this advice, I found the U.S. distributor website for the Chinese AfterDark OCXO clocks and purchased the Project ClayX Giesemann OCXO 10MHz Reference Emperor Signature clock which promised a phase-noise rating of -138 at 10Hz. Conveniently each OCXO clock comes with its own tested phase reduction document and my unit actually reached -140 at 10Hz. While the U.S. distributor can be rather breathless about the efficacy of these clocks, I did find the Emperor Signature to be extraordinarily good. AfterDark which distributes the eR in Asia and thus has a partnership of sorts with UpTone, says that improvements come in gradual increments with a 30-day final improvement which I have since passed. In short, I have an Ethernet output to the Lumin T2 on the "B" side of the eR, which is moat-protected from noise within the eR,so that the Lumin's dual Sabre DACs receive exquisitely timed audio signals.

In sum, I feel as if I have upgraded my entire streaming platform with the addition of the 10MHz reference clock. My system is totally streaming with a Roon Nucleus, Lumin T2 and the Kinki Studio EX-M7 tethered by Grimm SQM balanced cables. Srajan, I know that you have been reporting on the salutary effects of reclocking in recent reviews. I doubt that AfterDark will request a review of its OCXO clocks but, trust me, this is a game-changer for me and others. My next step once funds are sufficient is to consider an upgraded streamer in the guise of the upcoming Grimm MU2 or Joël's current favorite, the Vermeer Audio Three. All the best, Michael Fanning

Hi Srajan, with the Munich show a go as per just now, can I ask whether you will attend again? I've always enjoyed your unique show commentary and given the two-year hiatus, I would love to learn what finds you can come up with this year. Thank you. Trevor Mulligan

I stopped doing show reports already prior to the C19 cancellations of the Munich High End. As to attending 2022, I'll be sitting it out. I won't yet entrust my health to airports, hotels and a large convention center with visitors from all over. I can learn about new product announcements on my desktop; and makers can solicit me for reviews here as well. I really don't see the upside of attendance in the current climate. I'm sure other publications and writers will feel different to cover the event as usual. Srajan

Hi Srajan, the Schiit EQ you just wrote up looks very interesting. Couldn't that also work for subwoofer room integration control? Just thinking out loud here to hear your response. Cheers, Jason

This should depend on how you intend to use it. A sub will obviously be limited to at most the first two inflection points of 20Hz and 120Hz. If low-passed at 80Hz or lower, you'd be down to just the 20Hz control. To iron out narrow-band room modes will require far more specific frequencies in-between. And if you wanted to dial in linear bass boost for example, you'd probably want a shelving filter not an EQ 'bump'. I rather think that focusing on a subwoofer would miss the bigger Loki Max picture. For subwoofer integration control specifically, the forthcoming Gradient Box by Pál Nagy will be a more application-focused product. Srajan

For a change, a non hifi question if I may. In some of your photos of your bigger listening room, I've seen a painting of a deer in a suit. I don't think that's by Ivette so would you have a source for that by any chance? I really like it. Victor

That's from the Louise Brown collection called Gentleman Stag. There's also a brother called Randolph in a  purple trench coat. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I saw the various news posts on the new Wilson subwoofer and thought of 6moons because you've been so very vocal about high-passing your mains and this sub offers that and a lot more. Can we then look forward to you reviewing one when production reaches Europe? This would seem to be right up your street. I look forward to that! Jorge

I checked out the plate amp's features. They look like Dayton Audio's SPA500DSP. It's a very nice feature set indeed and Wilson's inert cabinet craft seems ideal for the application. My only 'issue' is that it's still box bass. It still radiates omnidirectionally to invoke room gain with its timing blur from reflections off all solid room surfaces. I've been converted to cardioid bass. That requires a dipole with tweaked radiation pattern to minimize those reflections and clean up the time-domain performance of the low end. I couldn't in good conscience pursue a review of the Wilson sub then critique it for behaving like any other box subwoofer in how it radiates to ride big room gain. By the same taken I couldn't not hear it and not be bothered by it. See what I mean? It's like a vegetarian reviewing an über meat burger. It's possible but the perspective is still twisted. Srajan

Srajan and Dawid, great review of Jacob's new Aarka. I went to the web link you embedded and clicked on "explore the new line" but nothing opens up except for an old render. Do you have the right link for the new website please? Paul

It's not live yet or the current URL would roll over to it. If you need more information than we published or want to order a pair, you'll have to contact Jacob directly. We have no control over his website or the timing of its relaunch. Srajan

Wouldn't it make more sense to time the publication of one's first English review with such a relaunch? Half the excitement of learning about this speaker dissipates when it seems that Rethm doesn't care enough about the back end of a professional web presence. But I get that you have no control over it. Sorry to vent. Paul

Srajan, I just revisited your iFi review because I noticed that it had skipped to the front of the queue again. I've learnt that it means you added something and indeed, there they were, very interesting comments on super-hot gain and what rationale might be behind implementing it in the first place when from a utility perspective, there really seems to be no good reason. Considering the apparent sophistication of the design, it's surprising actually that Mr. Loesch would go for this cheap trick of shining up his specs. Perhaps the core market they sell to really cares about those numbers? Still, your regard for the sound doesn't seem diminished so I'm glad to hear that it's worked out for you with the network chip removed. (Name withheld by request.)

Indeed, I love the sound and just moved the piece into my Raal ribbon headfi rig whose extreme resolution really benefits the most from the Signature's 45/49MHz DSD resampling. Once I upgrade the upstairs sub to a smaller Ripol or two to clean up room interactions in the bass, the iFi will probably end up in the sound|kaos Vox3 system. Until then, it makes a bigger difference on the floating open-baffle ribbons. Its footprint also approximates the Schiit Jotunheim R amp's and the smsl SD-9's is even smaller so the lot stacks super tidy for a mini rig with very high performance. Srajan

Hello Srajan, please excuse if this question is a little lengthy and sounds like a “please advise on which speaker to buy”.  It would be great however if you comment on it with your usual triangulations or hints in preferred gestalt. I am looking into the Nenuphar or Aurai Zero range. Reading your reviews I struggle a bit with what would be the line of thinking in deciding between the two (with auditions being a bit more of an issue here than already usual). Amplification is (SET) Tube or SIT (Enleum also an option) and musical fare is quite mixed in terms of genre as well as larger and smaller compositions. In case of Aurai, could going Z2xx and external sub over the integrated yield benefits in terms of musical enjoyment? As before, thank you for your time, Gregor

Having just done the Nenuphar/Lieutenant comparo, I can be most specific for a change. On bandwidth, textural continuousness into the bass and overall linearity, the French wins. On overall resolution I'd call it a draw. On directness, immediacy and intimacy, the Pole wins. Aurai's hidden woofer likes more power than Nenuphar so SIT/SET would be less ideal, the Enleum preferable. On  the sub question it's an unconditional yes either way. A Nenuphar monitor + sub or an Aurai Zero + sub will outperform either catalogue's floorstander if you apply a proper lo/hi-pass division of labor. As you know from my recent writings, going to a Ripol sub has very special add-on benefits where the currently most cost-effective solution is the German ModalAkustik MusikBass with their filter/amplifier box. I'd take that plus a Zero or N-monitor over the floorstanding versions any day of the week and twice on Sundays. It'll give more extension, power and clarity in the bass, opens up the midband because the bass load is removed and, with a Ripol's cancellation of typical room interference in the bass, heightens overall resolution, intelligibility and speed very significantly because bass no longer overhangs to muddy up the higher registers. With a high-passed monitor, the main amp's power demands drop as well so even a SET/SIT will still work just fine on an Aurai too. With sub help, the other differences between Aurai and Cube will diminish except that Alain's double tweeter still has the advantage; and that Cube's widebander still has a bit more immediacy. But overall now aspects like price and appearance could dominate your decision making. Srajan

Hello Srajan, how are you and the Young Lady surviving the winter in the Emerald Isles? Frost bite got your tongue? Never underestimate the cooling power of a volcanic eruption. Enjoying your articles. Some very interesting musings. Just wanted to touch base, offer a progress report and ask an opinion. Eyesight has been restored to acceptable levels. Had to train myself to see again. Contrast range is still a little limited. Greyscale compressed. Blacks slightly elevated. Sufficient to get my driver's license back though. Spouse no longer required to bear combined title of wife/chauffeur. Something I didn't mention, hearing was also affected. The brain's CPU appears to be a combined audio/video card. Manifestation of damage? Super-low volume level resolution. Bats have nothing on this super power. Downside was intolerance to loud levels. Also, no stereo. Dual-channel mono aficionados would be pleased. Other stangeness? Internal EQ compensation curves wiped out with a response displaying prominence in the 50-60 cycle range. You want to say room-lift sensitivity?! As a result, have been training myself to hear again too. Getting there.

And here's the request for opinion. Wellness aspirations and C-19 cabin fever got a bit of audiophile itch in motion. Still have the Mark & Daniel Monitor Maximus/Auralic Altair G1/Audio Zone (Pascal-based) combo. I'm looking at some changes. I know that immediate improvements would be gleaned by adding a preamp and letting the Auralic Altair's digital volume run full throttle. Dynamics and scale of presentation would expand. Eying a Wyred pre or full passive again with single-ended and balanced connectivity. The other dark horse idea would be to go full integrated amp. (Kinki anyone? Alternate suggestion would be the Hegel 390.) The only hesitation there would be that one of your current compatriots found the Pascal a step up from the Kinki so perhaps not an ideal upgrade solution. Plus, a waste of capability for one input.

Or the obvious solution. Just enjoy what's there and keep exploring the Tidal catalogue? Audiophile nervosa be damned? Most itches can be cure with calamine lotion. So there you have it. Surviving, restless and recovering from January's gift of shingles. Almost lost the right eye plus looked like a losing prize-fighter. 2022 looking great. From what I can see at least. Best wishes from the frozen Covid bunker, Glen

Hello Glen, mild winter for us thus far. Had some strong storms already but that's it. So both ears hear fine but the brain refuses to create the stereo construct? That's unexpected. I didn't know that was possible. And automatic midbass compensation thrown in ? It does show that our brain really is a super computer. Different programs are running, then a medical emergency throws in a reboot and suddenly certain things reconfigure themselves. Perception rules. It doesn't sound fun for sure but - interesting of sorts. You certainly write about it from a slightly amused perspective. Bravo! In my pantheon of audiophile revelations, replacing the super-dear DHT Vinnie Rossi preamp with an autoformer-coupled passive was a biggie. It's what I now use upstairs and downstairs. I don't see myself going back to active pres anytime soon.

The new icOn not mentioned on the website yet offers I think 80dB attenuation over 0.5dB steps. An included Apple IR wand does the remote business. This icOn stuff has been my secret weapon also because (Batman alert!) the more attenuation you select, the higher the output current gets. It's voltage/current conversion at work in some form of log function that really improves low-level listening. The dreaded white-out delays and things sound full, robust and dynamic farther down the SPL ladder than they otherwise tend to. So for preamp upgrade itchitis and particularly with your new aversion to high SPL but keener low-level resolution, that'd be my #1 reco. I've not heard the Hegel so couldn't comment. Hope that helps? With my best wishes, Srajan

PS: For readers who didn't know, Glen suffered a minor heart attack last year which had him resign from reviewing for us. As you just learnt, the incident triggered a lengthy recovery period which includes his hearing. That's why I've published this exchange. It's a good reminder. We should really enjoy what we have while we have it. Flemming Rasmussen, Gryphon's founder, found himself in a similar situation. He woke up one morning deaf in one ear and the other only working at 50% capacity. Fretting as we all do over hifi hardware, it's too easy to overlook the most important ingredient: us the listener, our ongoing health and ability to perceive the world the way we're used to thus take for granted.

Dear Srajan, I'm reading one of your reviews, specifically about Cees' new Pasithea. When I first began digging into the views and ideology of 6moons, I dare say there was less gray in my beard. From enthusiast to industry professional, your ears and priorities remain an important and consistent touchstone to what may be important to hear. Not unlike a collector of wine, one seeks out those who share a palate or portion of it to help distill what would otherwise be an impossible number of things to sample. If you find someone who is consistent and shares 75-80% of your taste, you've made an important discovery. It's always been a point of pride that we were the first non-manufacturing retailer to buy ad space on your site.Just as important as a shared palate is the consistent expression of it. Some writers are all over the place with opinions that vary to the degree that one questions their methods.

Over the years I've built on that sameness and your ability to write about it. It's been added to of course with people (industry, musicians, engineers, enthusiasts) in various nooks and corners around the globe whose souls open at the same notes as mine. Without other guiding ears there is simply too vast a net for anyone to possibly cast. There are a number of things that set you apart compared to your colleagues but here are a few of those to my eyes:

a) you are not catering to a subset of the audiophile world. There are those reviewers, as often as not in video format, who keep their lens tightly focused from the point of view they surmise their likely viewers share. There is nothing wrong with this aside from a certain limiting nature especially in learning about peripheral tech or approaches that might inform one to expand basic knowledge of a hobby or passion. For instance, even though component X may not be in my price range or milieu, it could be important for reasons X, Y and Z. Conversely, if only by their choices of what to review they may become 'yes men', they work as framers of the anticipated and understood. That's not unlike being a reporter in the modern-day White House Press Corp. You are more or less trumpeting whatever the Press Secretary passes your way - see 'stenographer' in the dictionary. You seem to review with your ears first and those reviewed items can have a very wide swath of origin.

b) You have more than one system and typically a variety of gear on hand. This to me is paramount. In the audio world, the primary password through the gates of survival may well be 'synergy'. When one has only a single system, a real review for certain gear will be unfair or ineffective to all involved. I once thought I would need 6-7 systems to be a reviewer, to cover various approaches that would give varied gear the opportunity to be heard in a light that would serve it. This gets even more complex when reviewing components at different price points. Cost differences should to my eyes always be stressed in a review, which it isn't always.

c) Technical proficiency. I have witnessed any number of print and even more video reviews where a cursory look at the setup of the gear tells me all I need to know. Setup is important. Seeing some of the systems on popular video reviewers' sites makes me wonder where their gumption to speak to anyone authoritatively about audio originated (see the short story Curse of the Smarmy Guru). Some have been around for quite a long time. This does not relieve this issue. I simply means they've been doing it wrong for a long time; and that their opinions of gear will be further limited by the ill parameters set for listening. Let us not forget that a component isn't merely a component. It's an expression, a project and for some a life line. It's from a group of people who have invested in their ability, beliefs and hopes and many don't do so from a lap of luxury.

So, my unoriginal thought considering the above is that at some point you write a book. I imagine there were certain reviews, the process around which deserve a short story. Probably others where you and Ivette had a laugh for one reason or another; should you ever recess from the steady diet of your current work load. ATB, Fred Crane

You're not the first to propose this, Fred. My grandma always insisted that I was a writer at heart. How she saw this I haven't the faintest. That was in my mid teens when all I focused on was becoming a classical clarinet player in Germany. Writing in any form was nowhere in view. As we saw, I did end up a writer anyway. Who knows, perhaps even a book is in the cards? In truth, I don't really hold things back for a lean day. Whatever I have to say I say now. That's like a rain cloud unburdening itself. Why walk around ready to burst only to clam up instead? Pull the plug not cork it is the motto. As such there's no secret cache of untold stories that could end up in such a book. Whilst other people already seem to see book potential, I'm still quite blind to it. But given how my life has followed its very own logic thus far, I'm always open to it unfolding still more things I cannot conceive of yet. If this particular thing does happen, you can then always say 'told you so'. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I was reading a thread on the Roon forum where someone did a test with friends of the BlueSound Node vs. a Lumin D2 with an external power source.  The conclusion was that the Node's SQ was indistinguishable from the Lumin and thus a much better value. I had just read your review of the Pasithea and found one of your quotes quite relevant to the discussion. Here's what I posted (no need to respond):

"It's hard to dispute what @Gary_Foux and his friends heard. After all, they know what they heard! I owned a previous iteration of the BlueSound Node and currently own a Lumin T2. I can say that when I owned the Node, I quite appreciated it in a mid-level system. Once I moved up the food chain to a more highly resolved system though, I believe my Lumin performs better (T2 vs the tested D2). I think what's missing in this thread is recognition that "a single component of truly higher resolution can only show off its true advantage when the rest is fully transparent to it." That quote comes from Srajan Ebaen of 6moons in his recent review of the Dutch Pasithea DAC.

"A few other points: 1) the entire Lumin line offers Leedh Processing, a superior form of digital volume control, which Lumin provided via a firmware update. It's a terrific value IMHO and the fact that is was offered free is a real plus. 2) I think the BlueSound Node punches way above its weight and is a great option for many people." So... I quoted you. Michael Ian Fanning

For that you get a treat. Make sure to listen to the whole thing. Talk about vocal range and control. Srajan

Srajan, just finished your Pasithea review and read the designer's comments. Had you known about this feature, would it have changed your assessment and opinion? Patrick

I certainly knew of the -10dB menu-based option going in. Since no owner's manual was included, I didn't know of the alternate internal jumper adjustment. The first didn't make a difference relative to the autoformers working sonically even better into such steep attenuation. The jumper solution might sound different and further halves output impedance to 8Ω. I already stated that in 95% of all situations, Pasithea can replace a passive preamp and probably work even better (if its inputs are sufficient). Perhaps the second way of adding an extra 10dB of attenuation would change that assessment to 98%? Srajan

Hey Srajan, hope all's well. Belated best wishes for 2022. Just finished reading your review on Sonnet Pasithea. Thank you for the detailed evaluation. It all sounds very impressive and I am seriously considering adding this DAC to my very short list of new DAC candidates. TBH, I was expecting a Blue Moon award especially considering its price. Will you be evaluating it further, perhaps? Best, Mevlut Dinc

I already awarded the Morpheus stablemate. We're not handing out awards like donuts. Without having Morpheus on hand, I couldn't tell how much better Pasithea is to make such a decision. But I don't think that's important. What's important is to describe a component's performance. This I did to the best of my ability. The rest is up for potential buyers to decide. Srajan

I know how careful and selective you are with giving awards. I got the impression that it sounded better than T+ and accordingly assumed it deserved an award. It’s a great review. Mevlut

Hi Srajan, this is a long-shot question. I read your 2006 review of the Esoteric G25U. This Swiss knife-like device will, among other things, generate a 10MHz signal that can reclock my EtherRegen switch which has a cheaper but still effective clock. My question: would purchasing a more modern reclocking device give me better performance? My guess is that you have no earthly idea. I'd like to find out from anyone whether a reclocking device from 2006 is just as good as a more modern one. Not expecting much in the way of a positive answer but I thought I'd at least ask! All the best, Michael Fanning

No earthly idea about covers it, Michael. That said, I had to dig deep to hear the effects of the big Mutec clock; and the Denafrips version was outshone by what I already had. In short, to my ears and what's come across my desk, outboard master clocks have been one of the least significant categories of all. The proviso is, I use the Soundaware D300Ref as a reclocker for USB; and on my workdesk a little Audiobyte Hydra X1. Neither is billed as a masterclock, just a USB decrapifier / dejitter / reclock / noise isolator. What they do (and I wouldn't do USB without them) seems to do the business. It's why I haven't bought an external masterclock à la Mutec or Esoteric. And yes, a Terminator+ reclocking Soundaware's D300Ref makes a nice little difference but... other DACs like the Aaviks and Sonnet's Pasithea still run circles around that combo on resolution without external reclocking. So in a roundabout way that's my take on the subject and why I'm relatively 'yawn' on it. Srajan

Thanks for shining a light on outboard clocks.  My guess is the atomic clock fairy dust may indeed bring some sonic benefits but how much and at what cost are the key questions. My ducats would probably be better spent on room adjustments now that I've optimized my electronics and transducer. Appreciate the wise words and observations! Michael

Hi Srajan, just read Russell's letter to you, followed up on his links, then read your teaser. Nice to see how responsive you were to his suggestion. About this planned review, if the maker has no available samples, couldn't you just buy a pair? Surely €690 isn't prohibitive considering what most your stuff costs? Just a thought. Emil

A few months ago I did buy the smsl SD-9 for my upstairs headfi system. I was very happy with the purchase so wrote up a quick article on it. But remember that I do this for a living. I review to put bread on the table, not take it off. I already own a desktop system which I'm perfectly happy with. To buy these active mini speakers only to review them wouldn't just work for free. I'd actually pay to work. I'm not a trust-fund baby or bankrolled by Patreon with the specific remit to purchase review items then pass them on to my subscribers who collectively paid for them. So it's not a reasonable concept for any working wo/man to pay to work. But I have a thought. Why don't you buy a pair and tell us all what you think in a proper review? Srajan

Hello, and Happy New Year Srajan. I stumbled upon this interesting design in speakers just a couple of days ago and was intrigued. I thought you would be too, if you were not already aware. It's the Super Cubes 5, an active nearfield monitor with apparently outstanding clarity and imaging capabilities due to careful DSP application using FIR filters to correct frequency response and phase linearity and resonances (ringing and 'settling time') in the single driver. This last aspect really caught my attention as I think settling time is one of the big ignored performance factors in transducer design, both microphone and speaker. These cubes are compared to Stax headphones by some for their clarity which I think may be connected with their rapid settling time. They have a flaw which would restrict their practical use to obsessive recording professionals and similarly obsessive home listeners and probably desktop only at that - which is their extremely narrow listening window. You have to be very close to on-axis to hear the intended tonality so they are not suitable for those wanting a broad sweet spot.

They manufacture in Russia for the international and non-EU market and Slovakia for the EU market. They seem eager to promote and are apparently liberal with their demo unit policy. A couple of the posters in this thread have serious credibility with me: Jantex and b0se. b0se is located in the UK and compares these with Kiis which he owns. I have been communicating with Jantex (Tine Janzek) for thirteen years and he has been in a position to hear most of the top contenders in monitor speakers due to his studio activity and his connection within the industry. A good friend of his is the exclusive importer of Sennheiser/Neumann for Slovenia. Andrew Startsev is the designer and he makes his first specific reply to questions in post #120, page 4 of this thread. I hope this is news to you. Stay well, Russell Dawkins

News to me indeed, Russell. Thanks a lot. Definite food for thought. Srajan

Srajan, just now I watched part 3 of an interview between John DeVore and Michael Lavorgna where they talk about how Michael started his reviewing career. I didn't realize that he began at 6moons. Very interesting. It must be nice for you to see former contributors go on to do well for themselves. Were there others? I've not paid attention to this so I hope you don't mind me asking. Francis North

I don't. The global reviewing community isn't big. It's only natural that many personalities show up in numerous places over the years. After all, not everyone skilled and passionate about writing on hifi can launch his own enterprise or even wants to do it full-time. Just so, Kari Nevalainen briefly wrote for us before starting Inner, Jeff Day wrote for us then launched his own blog Jeff's Place which is now hosted by PFO, Jöel Chevassus wrote for us and occasionally still does then launched his own online review magazine in French and Michael again leads Twittering Machines. Ken Micallef went on to write for Stereophile, Chip Stern came from there briefly to us then moved on to Positive Feedback, Stephæn came to us from TAS,  Edgar Kramer wrote for us now helms SoundStage! Australia. I'm pleased that for some of these writers, we were a useful waystation in their career. We even inspired others to launch their own websites right off like Jörg Dames and Ralph Werner did with and Dawid Grzyb and Marek Dyba with HifiKnights. We even published some John Darko while he grew his original Aussie blog to now I believe in and enjoy networking. It's about sharing our communal enjoyment of a simple hobby in its many different forms. Srajan

Srajan, most excellent feature on room gain! It really nailed it and illustrated what an uphill battle you have on your hands to get people to even consider another route. On a side note, doesn't Diego's room seems unusually small for the job and having room modes up to 300Hz rather counter-productive? Keep up the good works. Raul

I'm not battling anything, Raul. I just run a written broadcast. Whatever people do with the information that I publish is entirely up to them. But of course I agree that the room-gain subject—and general ignorance on its severity because we've never heard our systems without it—explains the rarity of Ripol/dipole subwoofers. It's their makers who are embroiled in an uphill battle to promote and sell the concept. As to Diego's room dimensions, we all work with what we have. He has subwoofers, intelligent bass management, EQ, passive room treatments and measurement knowledge on his side. The real trick is not having the perfect room. It's knowing how to make what we have work for us. I'm sure he has just that. Srajan

Good morning Srajan, I just finished reading your review of the Lumin P, including analysis of Leedh processing vs. external preamp. Your findings mirror my findings: Leedh processing is superb and obviates the need for a separate box. I run my Lumin T2 directly to my Kinki EX-M7 and use Leedh processing as the digital volume control. Couldn't be happier.  Unless of course I had the P1's extra sauce of gemto clock, dual toroidal linear power supply, fibre network isolation, Lundahl output transformers etc. Oh well, aspirations are always welcome! Cheers, Michael Fanning

Hi Srajan & Michael. I wish you both a happy and healthy 2022! I had to wait until this evening to understand why I should have smiled today. It's indeed very difficult to better Leedh Processing and adjust volume in the digital domain. I recently found the Meitner MA3 DSD technique to be quite close but still a bit below Leedh. In terms of analogue, I so far have heard just one serious competitor to the Coincident Statement Line Stage. I still use that too depending on the playback chain. But frankly speaking, Leedh Processing is more reliable than any direct-heated triodes and also a bit closer to the recorded reality. One very good streamer DAC using Leedh Processing is the Vermeer Three. It works very well over all inputs, USB, LAN or S/PDIF. Joël Chevassus

Joël, I must thank you again for pointing me to the Leedh processing throughout the Lumin lineup. Your review convinced me to sell my Devialet Expert 220 Pro and purchase a Lumin T2. Almost simultaneously, Srajan's review of the Kinki EX-M7 and your subsequent review of the unit convinced me that the perfect amplification for the Lumin would be this kit. I tethered the Lumin to the Kinki via a set of Grimm SQM balanced connections, again another find from the 6moons archives. The icing on the cake are the magnificent Vivid B1 Decade speakers from an innovative manufacturer that you have long touted. So, I'm experiencing audio bliss without the need for any upgrades. As to the future, I might consider a Lumin X1 to maintain Leedh processing or perhaps the Grimm MU2, which will not only house a Roon core as does the MU1 but also feature a DAC. I have a hunch that the team at Grimm will make this a special unit. Michael 

If you consider an upgrade of the streaming DAC with the benefit of lossless digital volume, you should seriously consider the Vermeer Three. Grimm are used to working with conservative dithering techniques and do not believe in Leedh Processing. Their upcoming MU2 could nevertheless be a very good device and great Roon server. But during my time with their MU1 connected to my Tambaqui DAC through a very expensive Elation AES/EBU cable, my best listening results were still with my Coincident Speaker Technology preamp in the loop. So definitely the Vermeer 3 represents a very interesting contender that should not cost more than the future Grimm MU2. The added value of the Grimm is to act as server with internal storage. The fact of having everything inside with a short signal path helps a lot. That's in fact the best Roon integration I have heard so far. And perhaps it could compensate for the lossy volume controller? Joël

Hello Srajan, I just got around to reading your John Darko interview where you asked him some interesting questions about the different aspects a review can cover and which to him are most important. I'm curious how you rate this yourself. You mentioned entertainment, education, a test score, promoting the audiophile lifestyle, sales tool, networking and possibly more. In what sequence do you rate those qualities for how you approach the task? Thank you, Tom

That's a nice question, Tom. For me, entertainment and education come first. Education—concrete information—is the nutritional value. Entertainment is the sweet container which makes the pill go down easier. I then view promoting the audiophile lifestyle and networking as the space in which education and entertainment arise. Talking endlessly about anything automatically promotes it. The question is merely whether it looks attractive or becomes something to avoid. I obviously think that listening to a fine hifi enhances our lives. Now I want my presentations to be inviting not off-putting. Hence the happy color scheme and insistence on well-served interiors with plenty of in-situ photos. Readers will have their own décor sense but at least they can see that doing 'serious' hifi needn't mean a sterile man cave with egg cartons on the wall. Networking in my sense of it is nothing more than connecting people, here those on the manufacturing side with those on the consumer side; and vice versa. Now it helps if the narrative isn't solely on the hardware but captures something about the people behind it as well. For my tastes and skill level, those are the four areas I try to cover. Test score and sales tool don't factor, at least not deliberately. If readers or manufacturers find those functions touched upon as well, that would be extra. Personally I find test scores boring as hell. Srajan

Dear Srajan, first off, happy new year to you and Ivette. I hope the two of you will continue to be healthy, happy and prosperous. Now onto my question. I'm itching to upgrade my system and was curious what component (not speaker) might currently have you most excited to warrant closer inspection. I understand that you can't make blanket recommendations and I'm not asking for one. I'm just curious what, through the filter of your experience and industry connections, looks of particular interest right now. Thanks for your reply, Filipe

I assume you want something I've not yet mentioned so here goes: Alberto Guerra's new AGD Productions Tempo. It uses the same GaNFet tech as his tubed amps but packages the entire circuitry inside a compact case. At 100/200wpc into 8/4Ω or twice that bridged, it's got real power. Having reviewed his two mono versions, I'm certain that his first stereo amp will fly just as high but get us there on a smaller budget. Considering that I find his to be the most exciting development in class D, the Tempo amp is the one that has me most excited. For whatever that might be worth to you. That I'm still not quite sure about. Srajan

On a side note, that podcast you did with John is amazing. After listening to it in its entirety, I feel smarter on subs now. Lots of useful info served in a very approachable and understandable way. Kudos to you both. Cheers, Dawid

Hello Srajan, it probably is not too late to wish you a happy new year! Hope you are well and healthy. Just listened to the latest Darko podcast. What a nice surprise! Thanks for discussing that topic and for mentioning ModalAkustik! Best regards, Michael Wydra

Srajan, lovely review on the Lumin. I'd already read the one on which treated it as a network file player so seeing you use it as a DAC/pre instead added another side to it. Now we learned of the "enforced network connection" which even your Lumin contact admits shouldn't exist in how you used it. Kudos to you for pointing it out and to him for admitting and going about fixing it. As you wrote, it's not always that manufacturers agree with criticisms then offer to address them. It's nice to know Lumin are open to feedback and I particularly like the whole firmware angle by which such updates can be installed with a download. Once this feature is written to code, would you consider owning a P1 for personal use? Emil

My issue with that is simple. Upstairs I play files off SD cards exclusively. Downstairs the iMac handles the same job already plus fills in very occasional Qobuz streaming. I don't need fully stacked network functionality in a separate machine which then relies on a WiFi tablet remote whose display size pales by comparison. Why pay for functionality I'll never use? If this machine were just a legacy DAC/pre, it'd fit my needs far better. Now I'd consider it. Now its Leedh volume control could be a very attractive eliminator of a separate preamp. As is, Lumin's core focus is on advanced network audio and an ever-refining app. That leaves me out in the cold just as turntable manufacturers aren't in my bailiwick. That's no reflection on their excellence, just that my usage scenarios exclude them. Srajan

Srajan, I just read Dawid's interview with you. Very interesting stuff. I also remember yours with Flemming Rasmussen. So my question to you is, in how the creative process works for you, do you know what you're about to write before you write it; or only see it after it's done? Flemming distinguished between his industrial design work where he always sees the complete thing before he ever sketches it; and his paintings where he only discovers the subject matter in the process of doing it. How is it for you? With my best wishes, Filip Bjorklund

I don't do automatic writing which would be the equivalent to Flemming's painting process I expect. I never see the thing before it manifests on the virtual page either. I have a generalized feel for what the tenor of the piece will be if it's an editorial; and obviously very concrete impressions if it's a review. Now the process is co-creative in that the tenor or impressions lead it, my experience and skills fill in the outlines as the writing moves forward. The exact result is always a surprise and often makes unexpected turns but I also recognize 'my' voice and personality in it as well. So the emphasis does seem to be on the word co-creative in which two influences combine. Whilst still vague, that's the truest explanation I can give. Good question, Filip. Thank you. Srajan

Hi Srajan, hope you had a good Christmas and New Year's. We are in the middle of the Omicron wave here in Australia which put a damper on things. Am eagerly waiting to read your verdict on the preamp stage of the iFi Pro iDSD. Like Jacob am wondering if I can replace a DAC + active preamp with a single box. In the meantime, do you know what room treatment tiles your friend uses? I've attached a photo from your website for reference. Thanks in advance, David Masilamoni

The iFi has not yet returned so that jury still remains out. As to the sculpted wooden tiles, I only know that they're Greek in origin but have no brand name or website, sorry. My friend has been incommunicado for a bit so I can't ask, either. He's probably on vacation away from his desk. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I wanted to add myself to Dawid's voice. I too have seen the type YouTube review you wrote of in your recent piece to wonder how these guys even get their hands on such product. Don't manufacturers practice more vigilance to vet prospective review requests? Do they operate on good faith? And more to the point, do you foresee real longevity for this approach to 'reviewing'? Keep up the good work on the other front, my friend. Frankie

I wouldn't know a thing about how YouTube channels procure review product. I deal mostly direct with manufacturers. I guess other avenues would be a local dealer, friend or audiophile society member; or to buy something through a mail-order outfit that offers a trial privilege. In some of these scenarios, the manufacturer wouldn't know about any planned review because they didn't organize it. Whether that actually takes place I don't know. I'm only speculating on the different ways in which people intent on maligning a brand could go about obtaining short-term product. As to longevity for this approach, it's anyone's guess. Given global trends in other sectors, I don't see it end anytime soon. Srajan

Srajan, I just went through today’s piece about cows. Moo indeed. The gunslinger/vigilante angle on YouTube is gaining traction and sadly their viewers soak up fabricated controversy like sponges. Not many will see that it's the exact opposite of 'unbiased' content. Did you have any specific channel in mind or was this a more general observation? Dawid

I had particular channels in mind but won't give them more public attention by naming them. You're far better off not knowing them though it seems you've seen your fair share of moo already. If what's seen as acceptable comes down from the very top, it's easy to see where a lot of it originates. Discredit the mainstream press. Rake muck. Throw up conspiracy theories. Create conflict. Fan the flames of negativity. Where have we seen all that before on a truly grand scale? Voilà. The audience for it is enormous. That's the times we live in. All we can do is add stuff on the scale's other half to redress the balance. Srajan

Hi Srajan, given the way that the Nenuphar sit propped up in front, one probably couldn't try the Carbide footers under them, right? Peter Borelli

I think they're too tall so would increase both the floor gap and lean-back angle. Srajan

Thanks. Yes I figured that would be the case. I have the Townshend Seismic Isolation Podiums Isolation under mine. I find them to work really well. Peter

Then you're all set. Same idea, different execution. Srajan

Yes, I think the Townshend isolators are one of the best things I did. I really like the bass that I get from my Nenuphar Minis. Peter

Hello Srajan, iFi's Signature would have been off the radar if not for your preview, so thanks for the prompt. I'd briefly heard their previous Pro iDSD and was underwhelmed at the time - the customer who'd brought it along for comparison bought a Terminator. I've found a significant improvement to be gained bypassing the Signature's internal USB. An I²S input is the only omission. I'd rather have that over tubes. I'd been floored by the combination of Antipodes S20 reclocker (bought for USB to I²S adaption to Rockna's Wavedream). Fed by JRiver from files on an iMac I heard no need for addition of an expensive server. Streaming and network audio sounds to me a pale approximation and I'm a committed to vinyl anyway. Adding iFi's excellent iPower Elite 12v supply improves the S20. The gain in low- level resolution, impact and decay I'm experiencing on Raal headphones kicks emotional engagement to another level. iPower'd S20 & S/PDIF into the Signature, I struggle to find flaws. Regards, Peter Hardie, Reference Audio

I always bypass USB DAC-direct to instead route through my reclocked Soundaware USB bridges. That means I enter a DAC either I²S or AES/EBU. Once the Signature returns with its WiFi chip removed, it'll probably displace the downstairs Terminator Plus to move that upstairs instead. At a later point I might buy a second unit for upstairs. Like you, I'm not into network audio or streaming off the cloud. I also despise the insidious data mining that happens with anything we do online. When I listen to music, I don't need Big Brother watching. Srajan

Interesting review here which Antipodes should feature on their website to show the I²S dip switches for easy compatibility. Peter

Hi Srajan, I thoroughly enjoyed reading your review of our footers. As always, technical yet simultaneously clear in the mind's eye. I can't emphasize enough how much I appreciate you offering your time to evaluate those. I've been reading your 6moons work since 2007-ish so to see you write something about my product is a monumental and surreal moment for me. Particularly interesting and surprising to me was your experience using the footers under your racks. I've speculated on possible benefits there but had not yet had the opportunity to thoroughly test it. Thank you for sharing your experiences with that. Jeffrey Jenkins, Carbide Audio

Hello Srajan, as the year ends, I wanted to thank you for the many discoveries you brought up in 2021, most important of all the sub saga which has opened a new chapter in my hifi life. I am in heaven with my icOn4SE/AMP23R driving Nenuphar 10-inch v2 monitors + Sub 12 with a 50Hz crossover. Next stop will be Martin’s Ripol sub as soon as he puts his final touches to it following your review. Enjoy the holiday break and best wishes for a 2022 healthy & rich in experiences! Vincenzo

Dear Srajan, in your Cube Audio v2 review, I saw a collection of speakers you keep on hand including your white Audio Physic Codex. I was curious why you have moved on to the Aurai speakers instead. You seemed to really enjoy the Codex. What are the Lieutenant doing better that has you prefer them? Also, will you update your Codex with the new drivers and crossover? Mat

I enjoy all the speakers I keep around or I would have sold them already. Just owning stuff to take up space isn't my thing. Having committed to the stereo 2.1 approach a while back—hi-passed mains + lo-passed sub—I no longer need speakers to do ultimate bass extension. Now other considerations gain further in weight. There the Aurai add tone weight or a richer tonality to the picture which I really enjoy at the moment. One day I'll put the Codex back in for a change of pace and then those might take up pride of place again. That's been my strategy all along. Rather than invest in a single super-expensive speaker (or any other kit for that matter), I prefer to keep around multiple options for less money. It gives me more mix'n'match opportunities for reviews; and minimizes changes of getting bored with a certain sound no matter how good it might be within its 'class' or 'flavor' or 'type'. I have enough options to change things up, keep them interesting and myself on my toes. At present, I have no plans to spend money on updating my Codex pair. Srajan

Srajan, I followed one of your embedded links of the recent Swiss sub review to PSI Audio's active bass traps. Wow, that's super interesting product. Any plans to review those? It looks like a potential game changer for people with bass issues (that would be most of us?) who won't tolerate massive passive bass traps (also most of us?). I'd love to hear how well they actually work and how many one needs. They're quite expensive after all.  All the best, Raymond Jenkins

I've contacted them but not heard back. Sometimes that's how it goes. There may be no interest; or an email may never have reached the party in charge of such inquiries. Impossible to tell the difference when there's no response. The concept for an 'anti' subwoofer with microphone isn't new. Bag End have their own but this implementation might be the most dialed yet. It helps of course when the Swiss government throws some R&D funds behind a project. Srajan

Good morning Srajan, I have read your review about the Adamante, may I ask you a couple of question, please? I am Italian, speak normal English but miss some technical hifi words so I didn't understand perfectly all you wrote unfortunately. A friend of mine suggested to me a used pair of Adamante to couple with my Swiss Physics preamp and amp 5+6A, which I really love. (Former Italian Swiss Physics importer used them with Goldmund Apologue loudspeakers). Actually I use a pair of Graham 5/9 which I really like for their refined, detailed, smooth sound but I miss, due to their small size, some physical impact and presence that only bigger woofer (or speakers) can produce. Do you know Graham speakers? I was interested in Graham LS5/5 which is the BBC flagship and has a retail price similar to a new Adamante. The sound that I like is the sound of the Swiss Physics, which is fast, neutral, natural, controlled, very detailed, with a carved soundstage and also monitor like because each recording should sound different from the others and not all the same. Do you think the Adamante would match these characteristics well? Also, do they need a large room? Are they problematic in the bass section? I have a living room of 27sqm but it's quite open so ideally would be bigger but I never tried here in the new house larger speakers than Graham 5/9. Thank you very much if you can reply. David Lever

I've never heard Graham speakers nor the Swiss Physics electronics so am really not in any position to comment, sorry. When I reviewed the Apertura six years ago, my room was 95m² so far bigger than yours. Even there I have no useful data points. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I just read through your current Lumin article and came to the second page. Very funny. You and I must still live in the 20th century. So no matter what non-web sources one plays through this machine, a network connection to the router is a must? I see why that was unexpected. It would have been to me too. I liked what their man had to say about it though. If there is no functional demand for the forced network connection, just a built-in barrier they can easily remove, that would solve our issue. It reminds me of how tightly Apple control their infrastructure to enforce very particular customer behavior and guarantee the full user experience they want us to have. Perhaps Lumin's current app is so slick that they don't want us to go without and have a lesser experience? Just a thought to lighten the load on the devils. Karunesh

You might have hit that nail on the head. Controlling the user experience could be exactly what this is all about. Angels just have no business cavorting down here. Srajan
Srajan, just read your Soul review and Sean's immediate offer to build a riser plinth. Do we know yet what these will cost? I appreciate that finish options could confuse the issue but a rough idea would be nice to have. Thank you, Jorge

I will certainly ask Sean when he gets back to me with more details. Srajan  

Hello Srajan: Have you read this? In this thread, 213Cobra aka Phil gives some very concise feedback on Soul 6 vs. Druid 6. He also says that "some shoppers and reviewers have trouble understanding Zu speakers in general and Soul 6 in particular". He takes Steve Guttenberg to task for trying a canted setup by claiming that it screws up the Griewe loading. Meanwhile in your interview, Sean very clearly states that there's no issue doing that. Steve had issues getting bass, Phil claims bass down to 32Hz, you write that you got into the 40s but enjoyed an add-on sub. Meanwhile Phil claims that listeners with subs got rid of theirs after trying Soul 6. The amount of divergent findings on these speakers appears quite broad again. That seems typical of Zu. The brand attracts unusual polarization. Anyways, I just wanted to write in to say that I really enjoyed your review. It gave me a good sense for what the speaker does well and what not so well. Adam

I just read the post you linked to. Phil is one of Zu's big online ambassadors. He has, I believe, owned pretty much all of their models over the years and always has a good arsenal on hand. So he is very knowledgeable with lots of actual first-hand experience. And of course devotees of any brand tend to get protective when they perceive that it is misunderstood or poorly or erroneously covered by the press. Perception is reality and we all create our own. Phil might well take issue with my suggestion that the driver sits too low and that bringing its axis up to ear level makes a nice improvement. Meanwhile Sean is perfectly happy to accommodate requests for riser plinths. That said, I'm happy that you enjoyed my descriptions. Thanks for writing in. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I just read you review of the new v2 Nenuphar drivers. Your description of the difference between the original and v2 is very clear. However, in his description of the sonic difference, Grzegorz says that the bass gets deeper. Did you find this to be the case? And if it gets deeper, does it also get tighter? You wisely remain neutral as to whether people who already have Cube Nenuphar should consider going for the upgrade.  But I would like to know if you personally have a preference. Which of the two options do feel sounds more natural? Hope all is great for you, Srajan. Stay well, Peter

If bass extension improved, I didn't really notice since the original already goes so low. Control didn't improve since across the lower bandwidth, it's the cabinet loading which dominates the driver. To improve that means to insert a high-pass filter and let a sub take over. That's how I run things anyways in now two systems and eventually three. It's why Cube have their own subs and smaller main speakers. It obviously doesn't make much sense to pay extra for a bigger speaker/driver for more bass reach, then cut that out and over to a sub. Now it makes more sense to start out with smaller more affordable mains. As I wrote, I expect that keen Nenuphar owners have carefully curated their system to make their speakers bed in ideally according to their ears. Any changes will upset that balance again. With my favored amp, I preferred v2. Srajan

Srajan, I quite enjoyed your Job 2022 review redux. As a society, we are far too inclined to move to the next best thing, leaving behind on the slag heap some useful artifacts. In my salad days, I stumbled on a reel-to-reel recorder lovingly ensconced in a polished wood cabinet with integrated speakers. In order to correctly record a song, one had to carefully modulate a switching light source. It worked but was a bit of trial and error; nonetheless I really enjoyed the small sweat that produced sublime sound. Back to your current review, I well recall your original Job 225 review and almost snagged a unit. It was only years later, in your review of the Kinki EX-M7 when you mentioned the Job 225 and how the Chinese amp stacked up in your amplifier topology, that I finally pounced. So while I don't have the Job 225 I do have a semblance of its sound! Cheers, Michael Fanning

You do indeed so you don't need a new job. But if just one reader follows my reco, they'll have snagged a forgotten champ for probably $700. And that would be worth celebrating so make the article worthwhile. Srajan

Srajan, you might know that Steve Guttenberg's videos often end with a short "so Steve, what did you really think?" segment. I believe he pokes fun at typical viewer assumptions that with reviewers, one must always read between the lines because they never come out and just say it straight. But I just read your Noble & Noble review and feel perfectly clear on what you thought. Whether I would agree or not is not the point. Reviewers can only report on their own experience, not anyone else's. What I appreciated was simply your clarity which didn't leave me wonder what you really thought. So I wanted to send you a quick thank you for a job well done. Craig

Thanks, Craig. Responsible reviewing is about honesty and phrasing personal likes/dislikes such that they don't dominate, just add some perspective. The reviewer's job isn't really about what we like or not. It's about describing a given sound as accurately as we can whilst making it plain that said sound was conditioned by our ancillaries, usage and room. Nobody can eliminate personal bias. It's the neural filter of our perception. So it's useful if a reviewer can state his/her bias. Now the readers have some data points to extrapolate how the published findings might relate to them. If my readers walk away with a good sense of what I heard and what my biases are, they can relate the lot to their own needs and preferences. I'm happy you found my review clear. That's what I do aim for. Srajan

Thank you, Srajan, for including LessLoss in your choice litter collection. Of course runt always comes last but sometimes winds up the cutest nonetheless. Cheers, Louis Motek

My pleasure. Well deserved. Srajan

Greetings. It's been a while. I don't get on 6moons quite as often as I should but I do whenever I get some time and want to know what the audio world is hatching up. And it looks like you have moved home? And I saw your review of the ifi iDSD Pro. I have been waiting for a long long time for you to do this review! Yes I did read Dawid's review but I still wanted to know what you thought and how it compared with the big boys. I've had my eye on this unit for a long time as it's the unit I have always wanted to use as the 1-box front end with the Aarka. I plan to do shows with just the Pro and the Aarka as it can stream Tidal and work as a preamp. Super simple system providing audiophile-quality music. I await your further evaluations especially of the preamp stage and the valve option. Our new speaker line is finally in production and I had promised Dawid a pair of Aarka for review. It's been delayed by a lot. It should go out in the next week or 2. The new Aarkas are - good. Very different from the one you reviewed. All the best to both of you, Jacob George, Rethm

We did move house within Ireland. The Pro iDSD Signature is their latest version and not exactly what Dawid reviewed but still improved. My unit has already been returned. If they can defeat the WiFi, it’ll come back. Otherwise not. The tube option I already tried. It’s a bit too fat and bloomy for my taste but the resampling to 1’024DSD is brilliant; and for pure PCM, so is the GTO filter. I don't see how you wouldn't be very pleased with it though I didn't yet try amp-direct mode. And Dawid will enjoy his Aarka assignment I’m sure. I'll look out for it to learn more. Srajan

Srajan, very interesting and unusual review on the iFi statement DAC. I've never heard you say before that you wanted to buy three of the same. This piece must really be special. I sure hope you can end up with at least one. I can't say that I have the same allergy to WiFi you do but it must suck to find something that hits all your triggers only to find out that your brain turns to mush. Anyway, thanks for a fun read and pointing us at such an exciting new find. Fred

Indeed. I've never had the urge to go in three deep. This time I really and truly did. What can I say? It's like getting two or three of the same shirt you love just to extend its life span. Actually, it's not quite the same. It's about having all three units embedded in three different systems at the same time so I wouldn't have to swap one out. And yes, it was very disappointing to realize that WiFi came on automatically and couldn't be defeated. Let's hope that they find a way to kill it. If not, I'll be back at my hifi safari hunting for big-game performance at a less extreme budget. As of right now, I wouldn't know where to look next yet. The forthcoming Sonnet Pasithea would cost twice as much. The iFi loaner is already enroute back to the UK so we'll see what their service tech can do for people like me with WiFi allergy. Srajan

Srajan, nice new series of interviews you've conducted. I just read the latest with Dawid Grzyb. That touched upon some very interesting points. One question though. Does your man know how to smile and uncross his arms? Two photos, two with arms locked across his chest and a foreboding stare. What gives? Gary

Dawid's wife took those pix this morning before I published. It's how he wanted to present himself. I'm offering a platform. I don't tell people what to say, wear or what posture to assume. Does it matter? Srajan

Hey Srajan, I just came from John Darko's site and this article he wrote about his 70hr work weeks. I had no idea. Is this perhaps why you've not transitioned to doing videos yourself? Is writing reviews as labor intensive as he described? After nearly 20 years, perhaps you've found a way to get the job done more efficiently? Just curious on a cold November morning. Chad

I don't do video for a number of reasons. The labor intensity described in this article is certainly a very good one. I strongly believe that I can provide far more hard information in a written review which takes you 20 minutes to read than I could in a video review of the same length that wasn't boringly tele-prompted. Also, I love writing. Going video would dilute that. Finally, these days it doesn't take me a week to produce the equivalent of a 20-minute video in written format. That improves my quality of life. Let's face it, work alone isn't the whole picture. John is doing a bang-up job with his videos but from the sound of it, it's also taking a toll. I want to do this gig for another 20 years if that's how the chips fall. For that it's important to cultivate efficiency so that one's publishing pace remains sustainable. A burn-out wouldn't do. As you suggested, after 20 years on the beat, I've learnt a thing or two about that. It's the marathon not 100-meter view. Also, I may not have a telegenic delivery or appealing accent. I've seen a few people attempt video reviews other than John Darko. None were compelling to convince me that I don't much prefer reading them instead. The amount of personality that transacts in video is different. While you may have something very worthwhile to say indeed, people could much prefer to read it than watch you say it. Different skill sets and talents. I'm still honing my writing. On that there's plenty of work left to be done. Srajan

Hi again, I just wanted to say that I love the review you've done so far. Finally had time with a cuppa to read it properly! Your descriptions are just fab and bring life to what could be quite dry. Thanks for taking the time to give it a go even while it was driving your head barmy. I really appreciate it. And I'm glad that we've converted you to DSD! No mean feat. I'll get back to you soon with a shipping label. Thanks, Vic [iFi Audio]