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Hello Srajan, I just got around to reading your John Darko interview where you asked him some interesting questions about the different aspects a review can cover and which to him are most important. I'm curious how you rate this yourself. You mentioned entertainment, education, a test score, promoting the audiophile lifestyle, sales tool, networking and possibly more. In what sequence do you rate those qualities for how you approach the task? Thank you, Tom

That's a nice question, Tom. For me, entertainment and education come first. Education—concrete information—is the nutritional value. Entertainment is the sweet container which makes the pill go down easier. I then view promoting the audiophile lifestyle and networking as the space in which education and entertainment arise. Talking endlessly about anything automatically promotes it. The question is merely whether it looks attractive or becomes something to avoid. I obviously think that listening to a fine hifi enhances our lives. Now I want my presentations to be inviting not off-putting. Hence the happy color scheme and insistence on well-served interiors with plenty of in-situ photos. Readers will have their own décor sense but at least they can see that doing 'serious' hifi needn't mean a sterile man cave with egg cartons on the wall. Networking in my sense of it is nothing more than connecting people, here those on the manufacturing side with those on the consumer side; and vice versa. Now it helps if the narrative isn't solely on the hardware but captures something about the people behind it as well. For my tastes and skill level, those are the four areas I try to cover. Test score and sales tool don't factor, at least not deliberately. If readers or manufacturers find those functions touched upon as well, that would be extra. Personally I find test scores boring as hell. Srajan

Dear Srajan, first off, happy new year to you and Ivette. I hope the two of you will continue to be healthy, happy and prosperous. Now onto my question. I'm itching to upgrade my system and was curious what component (not speaker) might currently have you most excited to warrant closer inspection. I understand that you can't make blanket recommendations and I'm not asking for one. I'm just curious what, through the filter of your experience and industry connections, looks of particular interest right now. Thanks for your reply, Filipe

I assume you want something I've not yet mentioned so here goes: Alberto Guerra's new AGD Productions Tempo. It uses the same GaNFet tech as his tubed amps but packages the entire circuitry inside a compact case. At 100/200wpc into 8/4Ω or twice that bridged, it's got real power. Having reviewed his two mono versions, I'm certain that his first stereo amp will fly just as high but get us there on a smaller budget. Considering that I find his to be the most exciting development in class D, the Tempo amp is the one that has me most excited. For whatever that might be worth to you. That I'm still not quite sure about. Srajan

On a side note, that podcast you did with John is amazing. After listening to it in its entirety, I feel smarter on subs now. Lots of useful info served in a very approachable and understandable way. Kudos to you both. Cheers, Dawid

Hello Srajan, it probably is not too late to wish you a happy new year! Hope you are well and healthy. Just listened to the latest Darko podcast. What a nice surprise! Thanks for discussing that topic and for mentioning ModalAkustik! Best regards, Michael Wydra

Srajan, lovely review on the Lumin. I'd already read the one on which treated it as a network file player so seeing you use it as a DAC/pre instead added another side to it. Now we learned of the "enforced network connection" which even your Lumin contact admits shouldn't exist in how you used it. Kudos to you for pointing it out and to him for admitting and going about fixing it. As you wrote, it's not always that manufacturers agree with criticisms then offer to address them. It's nice to know Lumin are open to feedback and I particularly like the whole firmware angle by which such updates can be installed with a download. Once this feature is written to code, would you consider owning a P1 for personal use? Emil

My issue with that is simple. Upstairs I play files off SD cards exclusively. Downstairs the iMac handles the same job already plus fills in very occasional Qobuz streaming. I don't need fully stacked network functionality in a separate machine which then relies on a WiFi tablet remote whose display size pales by comparison. Why pay for functionality I'll never use? If this machine were just a legacy DAC/pre, it'd fit my needs far better. Now I'd consider it. Now its Leedh volume control could be a very attractive eliminator of a separate preamp. As is, Lumin's core focus is on advanced network audio and an ever-refining app. That leaves me out in the cold just as turntable manufacturers aren't in my bailiwick. That's no reflection on their excellence, just that my usage scenarios exclude them. Srajan

Srajan, I just read Dawid's interview with you. Very interesting stuff. I also remember yours with Flemming Rasmussen. So my question to you is, in how the creative process works for you, do you know what you're about to write before you write it; or only see it after it's done? Flemming distinguished between his industrial design work where he always sees the complete thing before he ever sketches it; and his paintings where he only discovers the subject matter in the process of doing it. How is it for you? With my best wishes, Filip Bjorklund

I don't do automatic writing which would be the equivalent to Flemming's painting process I expect. I never see the thing before it manifests on the virtual page either. I have a generalized feel for what the tenor of the piece will be if it's an editorial; and obviously very concrete impressions if it's a review. Now the process is co-creative in that the tenor or impressions lead it, my experience and skills fill in the outlines as the writing moves forward. The exact result is always a surprise and often makes unexpected turns but I also recognize 'my' voice and personality in it as well. So the emphasis does seem to be on the word co-creative in which two influences combine. Whilst still vague, that's the truest explanation I can give. Good question, Filip. Thank you. Srajan

Hi Srajan, hope you had a good Christmas and New Year's. We are in the middle of the Omicron wave here in Australia which put a damper on things. Am eagerly waiting to read your verdict on the preamp stage of the iFi Pro iDSD. Like Jacob am wondering if I can replace a DAC + active preamp with a single box. In the meantime, do you know what room treatment tiles your friend uses? I've attached a photo from your website for reference. Thanks in advance, David Masilamoni

The iFi has not yet returned so that jury still remains out. As to the sculpted wooden tiles, I only know that they're Greek in origin but have no brand name or website, sorry. My friend has been incommunicado for a bit so I can't ask, either. He's probably on vacation away from his desk. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I wanted to add myself to Dawid's voice. I too have seen the type YouTube review you wrote of in your recent piece to wonder how these guys even get their hands on such product. Don't manufacturers practice more vigilance to vet prospective review requests? Do they operate on good faith? And more to the point, do you foresee real longevity for this approach to 'reviewing'? Keep up the good work on the other front, my friend. Frankie

I wouldn't know a thing about how YouTube channels procure review product. I deal mostly direct with manufacturers. I guess other avenues would be a local dealer, friend or audiophile society member; or to buy something through a mail-order outfit that offers a trial privilege. In some of these scenarios, the manufacturer wouldn't know about any planned review because they didn't organize it. Whether that actually takes place I don't know. I'm only speculating on the different ways in which people intent on maligning a brand could go about obtaining short-term product. As to longevity for this approach, it's anyone's guess. Given global trends in other sectors, I don't see it end anytime soon. Srajan

Srajan, I just went through today’s piece about cows. Moo indeed. The gunslinger/vigilante angle on YouTube is gaining traction and sadly their viewers soak up fabricated controversy like sponges. Not many will see that it's the exact opposite of 'unbiased' content. Did you have any specific channel in mind or was this a more general observation? Dawid

I had particular channels in mind but won't give them more public attention by naming them. You're far better off not knowing them though it seems you've seen your fair share of moo already. If what's seen as acceptable comes down from the very top, it's easy to see where a lot of it originates. Discredit the mainstream press. Rake muck. Throw up conspiracy theories. Create conflict. Fan the flames of negativity. Where have we seen all that before on a truly grand scale? Voilà. The audience for it is enormous. That's the times we live in. All we can do is add stuff on the scale's other half to redress the balance. Srajan

Hi Srajan, given the way that the Nenuphar sit propped up in front, one probably couldn't try the Carbide footers under them, right? Peter Borelli

I think they're too tall so would increase both the floor gap and lean-back angle. Srajan

Thanks. Yes I figured that would be the case. I have the Townshend Seismic Isolation Podiums Isolation under mine. I find them to work really well. Peter

Then you're all set. Same idea, different execution. Srajan

Yes, I think the Townshend isolators are one of the best things I did. I really like the bass that I get from my Nenuphar Minis. Peter

Hello Srajan, iFi's Signature would have been off the radar if not for your preview, so thanks for the prompt. I'd briefly heard their previous Pro iDSD and was underwhelmed at the time - the customer who'd brought it along for comparison bought a Terminator. I've found a significant improvement to be gained bypassing the Signature's internal USB. An I²S input is the only omission. I'd rather have that over tubes. I'd been floored by the combination of Antipodes S20 reclocker (bought for USB to I²S adaption to Rockna's Wavedream). Fed by JRiver from files on an iMac I heard no need for addition of an expensive server. Streaming and network audio sounds to me a pale approximation and I'm a committed to vinyl anyway. Adding iFi's excellent iPower Elite 12v supply improves the S20. The gain in low- level resolution, impact and decay I'm experiencing on Raal headphones kicks emotional engagement to another level. iPower'd S20 & S/PDIF into the Signature, I struggle to find flaws. Regards, Peter Hardie, Reference Audio

I always bypass USB DAC-direct to instead route through my reclocked Soundaware USB bridges. That means I enter a DAC either I²S or AES/EBU. Once the Signature returns with its WiFi chip removed, it'll probably displace the downstairs Terminator Plus to move that upstairs instead. At a later point I might buy a second unit for upstairs. Like you, I'm not into network audio or streaming off the cloud. I also despise the insidious data mining that happens with anything we do online. When I listen to music, I don't need Big Brother watching. Srajan

Interesting review here which Antipodes should feature on their website to show the I²S dip switches for easy compatibility. Peter

Hi Srajan, I thoroughly enjoyed reading your review of our footers. As always, technical yet simultaneously clear in the mind's eye. I can't emphasize enough how much I appreciate you offering your time to evaluate those. I've been reading your 6moons work since 2007-ish so to see you write something about my product is a monumental and surreal moment for me. Particularly interesting and surprising to me was your experience using the footers under your racks. I've speculated on possible benefits there but had not yet had the opportunity to thoroughly test it. Thank you for sharing your experiences with that. Jeffrey Jenkins, Carbide Audio

Hello Srajan, as the year ends, I wanted to thank you for the many discoveries you brought up in 2021, most important of all the sub saga which has opened a new chapter in my hifi life. I am in heaven with my icOn4SE/AMP23R driving Nenuphar 10-inch v2 monitors + Sub 12 with a 50Hz crossover. Next stop will be Martin’s Ripol sub as soon as he puts his final touches to it following your review. Enjoy the holiday break and best wishes for a 2022 healthy & rich in experiences! Vincenzo

Dear Srajan, in your Cube Audio v2 review, I saw a collection of speakers you keep on hand including your white Audio Physic Codex. I was curious why you have moved on to the Aurai speakers instead. You seemed to really enjoy the Codex. What are the Lieutenant doing better that has you prefer them? Also, will you update your Codex with the new drivers and crossover? Mat

I enjoy all the speakers I keep around or I would have sold them already. Just owning stuff to take up space isn't my thing. Having committed to the stereo 2.1 approach a while back—hi-passed mains + lo-passed sub—I no longer need speakers to do ultimate bass extension. Now other considerations gain further in weight. There the Aurai add tone weight or a richer tonality to the picture which I really enjoy at the moment. One day I'll put the Codex back in for a change of pace and then those might take up pride of place again. That's been my strategy all along. Rather than invest in a single super-expensive speaker (or any other kit for that matter), I prefer to keep around multiple options for less money. It gives me more mix'n'match opportunities for reviews; and minimizes changes of getting bored with a certain sound no matter how good it might be within its 'class' or 'flavor' or 'type'. I have enough options to change things up, keep them interesting and myself on my toes. At present, I have no plans to spend money on updating my Codex pair. Srajan

Srajan, I followed one of your embedded links of the recent Swiss sub review to PSI Audio's active bass traps. Wow, that's super interesting product. Any plans to review those? It looks like a potential game changer for people with bass issues (that would be most of us?) who won't tolerate massive passive bass traps (also most of us?). I'd love to hear how well they actually work and how many one needs. They're quite expensive after all.  All the best, Raymond Jenkins

I've contacted them but not heard back. Sometimes that's how it goes. There may be no interest; or an email may never have reached the party in charge of such inquiries. Impossible to tell the difference when there's no response. The concept for an 'anti' subwoofer with microphone isn't new. Bag End have their own but this implementation might be the most dialed yet. It helps of course when the Swiss government throws some R&D funds behind a project. Srajan

Good morning Srajan, I have read your review about the Adamante, may I ask you a couple of question, please? I am Italian, speak normal English but miss some technical hifi words so I didn't understand perfectly all you wrote unfortunately. A friend of mine suggested to me a used pair of Adamante to couple with my Swiss Physics preamp and amp 5+6A, which I really love. (Former Italian Swiss Physics importer used them with Goldmund Apologue loudspeakers). Actually I use a pair of Graham 5/9 which I really like for their refined, detailed, smooth sound but I miss, due to their small size, some physical impact and presence that only bigger woofer (or speakers) can produce. Do you know Graham speakers? I was interested in Graham LS5/5 which is the BBC flagship and has a retail price similar to a new Adamante. The sound that I like is the sound of the Swiss Physics, which is fast, neutral, natural, controlled, very detailed, with a carved soundstage and also monitor like because each recording should sound different from the others and not all the same. Do you think the Adamante would match these characteristics well? Also, do they need a large room? Are they problematic in the bass section? I have a living room of 27sqm but it's quite open so ideally would be bigger but I never tried here in the new house larger speakers than Graham 5/9. Thank you very much if you can reply. David Lever

I've never heard Graham speakers nor the Swiss Physics electronics so am really not in any position to comment, sorry. When I reviewed the Apertura six years ago, my room was 95m² so far bigger than yours. Even there I have no useful data points. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I just read through your current Lumin article and came to the second page. Very funny. You and I must still live in the 20th century. So no matter what non-web sources one plays through this machine, a network connection to the router is a must? I see why that was unexpected. It would have been to me too. I liked what their man had to say about it though. If there is no functional demand for the forced network connection, just a built-in barrier they can easily remove, that would solve our issue. It reminds me of how tightly Apple control their infrastructure to enforce very particular customer behavior and guarantee the full user experience they want us to have. Perhaps Lumin's current app is so slick that they don't want us to go without and have a lesser experience? Just a thought to lighten the load on the devils. Karunesh

You might have hit that nail on the head. Controlling the user experience could be exactly what this is all about. Angels just have no business cavorting down here. Srajan
Srajan, just read your Soul review and Sean's immediate offer to build a riser plinth. Do we know yet what these will cost? I appreciate that finish options could confuse the issue but a rough idea would be nice to have. Thank you, Jorge

I will certainly ask Sean when he gets back to me with more details. Srajan  

Hello Srajan: Have you read this? In this thread, 213Cobra aka Phil gives some very concise feedback on Soul 6 vs. Druid 6. He also says that "some shoppers and reviewers have trouble understanding Zu speakers in general and Soul 6 in particular". He takes Steve Guttenberg to task for trying a canted setup by claiming that it screws up the Griewe loading. Meanwhile in your interview, Sean very clearly states that there's no issue doing that. Steve had issues getting bass, Phil claims bass down to 32Hz, you write that you got into the 40s but enjoyed an add-on sub. Meanwhile Phil claims that listeners with subs got rid of theirs after trying Soul 6. The amount of divergent findings on these speakers appears quite broad again. That seems typical of Zu. The brand attracts unusual polarization. Anyways, I just wanted to write in to say that I really enjoyed your review. It gave me a good sense for what the speaker does well and what not so well. Adam

I just read the post you linked to. Phil is one of Zu's big online ambassadors. He has, I believe, owned pretty much all of their models over the years and always has a good arsenal on hand. So he is very knowledgeable with lots of actual first-hand experience. And of course devotees of any brand tend to get protective when they perceive that it is misunderstood or poorly or erroneously covered by the press. Perception is reality and we all create our own. Phil might well take issue with my suggestion that the driver sits too low and that bringing its axis up to ear level makes a nice improvement. Meanwhile Sean is perfectly happy to accommodate requests for riser plinths. That said, I'm happy that you enjoyed my descriptions. Thanks for writing in. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I just read you review of the new v2 Nenuphar drivers. Your description of the difference between the original and v2 is very clear. However, in his description of the sonic difference, Grzegorz says that the bass gets deeper. Did you find this to be the case? And if it gets deeper, does it also get tighter? You wisely remain neutral as to whether people who already have Cube Nenuphar should consider going for the upgrade.  But I would like to know if you personally have a preference. Which of the two options do feel sounds more natural? Hope all is great for you, Srajan. Stay well, Peter

If bass extension improved, I didn't really notice since the original already goes so low. Control didn't improve since across the lower bandwidth, it's the cabinet loading which dominates the driver. To improve that means to insert a high-pass filter and let a sub take over. That's how I run things anyways in now two systems and eventually three. It's why Cube have their own subs and smaller main speakers. It obviously doesn't make much sense to pay extra for a bigger speaker/driver for more bass reach, then cut that out and over to a sub. Now it makes more sense to start out with smaller more affordable mains. As I wrote, I expect that keen Nenuphar owners have carefully curated their system to make their speakers bed in ideally according to their ears. Any changes will upset that balance again. With my favored amp, I preferred v2. Srajan

Srajan, I quite enjoyed your Job 2022 review redux. As a society, we are far too inclined to move to the next best thing, leaving behind on the slag heap some useful artifacts. In my salad days, I stumbled on a reel-to-reel recorder lovingly ensconced in a polished wood cabinet with integrated speakers. In order to correctly record a song, one had to carefully modulate a switching light source. It worked but was a bit of trial and error; nonetheless I really enjoyed the small sweat that produced sublime sound. Back to your current review, I well recall your original Job 225 review and almost snagged a unit. It was only years later, in your review of the Kinki EX-M7 when you mentioned the Job 225 and how the Chinese amp stacked up in your amplifier topology, that I finally pounced. So while I don't have the Job 225 I do have a semblance of its sound! Cheers, Michael Fanning

You do indeed so you don't need a new job. But if just one reader follows my reco, they'll have snagged a forgotten champ for probably $700. And that would be worth celebrating so make the article worthwhile. Srajan

Srajan, you might know that Steve Guttenberg's videos often end with a short "so Steve, what did you really think?" segment. I believe he pokes fun at typical viewer assumptions that with reviewers, one must always read between the lines because they never come out and just say it straight. But I just read your Noble & Noble review and feel perfectly clear on what you thought. Whether I would agree or not is not the point. Reviewers can only report on their own experience, not anyone else's. What I appreciated was simply your clarity which didn't leave me wonder what you really thought. So I wanted to send you a quick thank you for a job well done. Craig

Thanks, Craig. Responsible reviewing is about honesty and phrasing personal likes/dislikes such that they don't dominate, just add some perspective. The reviewer's job isn't really about what we like or not. It's about describing a given sound as accurately as we can whilst making it plain that said sound was conditioned by our ancillaries, usage and room. Nobody can eliminate personal bias. It's the neural filter of our perception. So it's useful if a reviewer can state his/her bias. Now the readers have some data points to extrapolate how the published findings might relate to them. If my readers walk away with a good sense of what I heard and what my biases are, they can relate the lot to their own needs and preferences. I'm happy you found my review clear. That's what I do aim for. Srajan

Thank you, Srajan, for including LessLoss in your choice litter collection. Of course runt always comes last but sometimes winds up the cutest nonetheless. Cheers, Louis Motek

My pleasure. Well deserved. Srajan

Greetings. It's been a while. I don't get on 6moons quite as often as I should but I do whenever I get some time and want to know what the audio world is hatching up. And it looks like you have moved home? And I saw your review of the ifi iDSD Pro. I have been waiting for a long long time for you to do this review! Yes I did read Dawid's review but I still wanted to know what you thought and how it compared with the big boys. I've had my eye on this unit for a long time as it's the unit I have always wanted to use as the 1-box front end with the Aarka. I plan to do shows with just the Pro and the Aarka as it can stream Tidal and work as a preamp. Super simple system providing audiophile-quality music. I await your further evaluations especially of the preamp stage and the valve option. Our new speaker line is finally in production and I had promised Dawid a pair of Aarka for review. It's been delayed by a lot. It should go out in the next week or 2. The new Aarkas are - good. Very different from the one you reviewed. All the best to both of you, Jacob George, Rethm

We did move house within Ireland. The Pro iDSD Signature is their latest version and not exactly what Dawid reviewed but still improved. My unit has already been returned. If they can defeat the WiFi, it’ll come back. Otherwise not. The tube option I already tried. It’s a bit too fat and bloomy for my taste but the resampling to 1’024DSD is brilliant; and for pure PCM, so is the GTO filter. I don't see how you wouldn't be very pleased with it though I didn't yet try amp-direct mode. And Dawid will enjoy his Aarka assignment I’m sure. I'll look out for it to learn more. Srajan

Srajan, very interesting and unusual review on the iFi statement DAC. I've never heard you say before that you wanted to buy three of the same. This piece must really be special. I sure hope you can end up with at least one. I can't say that I have the same allergy to WiFi you do but it must suck to find something that hits all your triggers only to find out that your brain turns to mush. Anyway, thanks for a fun read and pointing us at such an exciting new find. Fred

Indeed. I've never had the urge to go in three deep. This time I really and truly did. What can I say? It's like getting two or three of the same shirt you love just to extend its life span. Actually, it's not quite the same. It's about having all three units embedded in three different systems at the same time so I wouldn't have to swap one out. And yes, it was very disappointing to realize that WiFi came on automatically and couldn't be defeated. Let's hope that they find a way to kill it. If not, I'll be back at my hifi safari hunting for big-game performance at a less extreme budget. As of right now, I wouldn't know where to look next yet. The forthcoming Sonnet Pasithea would cost twice as much. The iFi loaner is already enroute back to the UK so we'll see what their service tech can do for people like me with WiFi allergy. Srajan

Srajan, nice new series of interviews you've conducted. I just read the latest with Dawid Grzyb. That touched upon some very interesting points. One question though. Does your man know how to smile and uncross his arms? Two photos, two with arms locked across his chest and a foreboding stare. What gives? Gary

Dawid's wife took those pix this morning before I published. It's how he wanted to present himself. I'm offering a platform. I don't tell people what to say, wear or what posture to assume. Does it matter? Srajan

Hey Srajan, I just came from John Darko's site and this article he wrote about his 70hr work weeks. I had no idea. Is this perhaps why you've not transitioned to doing videos yourself? Is writing reviews as labor intensive as he described? After nearly 20 years, perhaps you've found a way to get the job done more efficiently? Just curious on a cold November morning. Chad

I don't do video for a number of reasons. The labor intensity described in this article is certainly a very good one. I strongly believe that I can provide far more hard information in a written review which takes you 20 minutes to read than I could in a video review of the same length that wasn't boringly tele-prompted. Also, I love writing. Going video would dilute that. Finally, these days it doesn't take me a week to produce the equivalent of a 20-minute video in written format. That improves my quality of life. Let's face it, work alone isn't the whole picture. John is doing a bang-up job with his videos but from the sound of it, it's also taking a toll. I want to do this gig for another 20 years if that's how the chips fall. For that it's important to cultivate efficiency so that one's publishing pace remains sustainable. A burn-out wouldn't do. As you suggested, after 20 years on the beat, I've learnt a thing or two about that. It's the marathon not 100-meter view. Also, I may not have a telegenic delivery or appealing accent. I've seen a few people attempt video reviews other than John Darko. None were compelling to convince me that I don't much prefer reading them instead. The amount of personality that transacts in video is different. While you may have something very worthwhile to say indeed, people could much prefer to read it than watch you say it. Different skill sets and talents. I'm still honing my writing. On that there's plenty of work left to be done. Srajan

Hi again, I just wanted to say that I love the review you've done so far. Finally had time with a cuppa to read it properly! Your descriptions are just fab and bring life to what could be quite dry. Thanks for taking the time to give it a go even while it was driving your head barmy. I really appreciate it. And I'm glad that we've converted you to DSD! No mean feat. I'll get back to you soon with a shipping label. Thanks, Vic [iFi Audio]

Hi Vinnie, the new Brama line looks fantastic! I contacted Srajan at 6moons and asked whether he would be reviewing any of the products and he said "not yet" with a smiley face. Any plans to have him review one of the products? All best, Michael Fanning

Thank you, Michael! I won't be in production until late 2021/early 2022 and we are so bombarded with pre-orders from our dealers and distributors that I think we're already all sold out of the first production run. For the second run I need to set aside review units and we're bombarded with so many review requests as well. So I'm not sure yet but I'll see what I can do. Wait until people actually get to listen and experience Brama - they are going to love it a whole lot more! Assuming the shows aren't cancelled, I'll be exhibiting next at AXPONA and Munich 2022. Hope to see you there. It's been too long! Thanks again, Vinnie

Hello Srajan, I've attached an email from Vinnie Rossi about his new Brama line. Guess it'll be a long time before he makes one available for you! Cheers, Michael Fanning

That’s what I figured. This is expensive and exclusive product so first there have to be sales. Plus, this would be a US/EU deal with massive VAT on €30K product so a dealer/importer would have to make available a loaner from their own inventory. That’s no fun for any importer. That’s why I wrote my industry feature on the first day of the news release. It’ll probably be all I can do on the subject. Srajan

Srajan, ah, you're now educating me on the world of audio reviewing and economics. I always thought a manufacturer would want reviews before launching a product. I guess the deep-pocketed manufacturers might be able to do this but someone who is capital constrained couldn't afford to do so. Also, I never thought about the VAT issue. Oh well, I may just go to the Axpona show next April outside of Chicago to catch up with Vinnie and see the audio jewelry in situ! All best, Michael

23% VAT in Ireland. Based on published retail price, that’s €6’500 or more. Even invoiced at dealer cost it’ll still be half that. Somebody has to carry that. Also, if you’ve got massive pre-orders without a single review, why bother with reviews? Now it makes more sense to organize reviews for a second wind when the first wave of sales has exhausted itself. Srajan

Hi Srajan, hope all good at your end. I recently purchased the Thoress EHT Integrated. It's a stunning amp, easily the best I have owned. I like it better than the Berning class A amp I owned. Your highly positive review of the EHT monos inspired me to look up the brand. Thanks. Best, Prem

Saw the Vinnie Rossi news. Will you review one of these Brama models? If so, which one? Chad

I just got then published the press release. If anything further is planned, I haven't been told yet. I'd certainly be most pleased to sign up. For now we'll let our collective imagination run wild. I'm quite certain that Vinnie will see himself hit up from all directions for loaners so we'll stand in line patiently and let him format his roll-out plans whilst first production bows. Srajan

Srajan, quick question. In your 'coming next' queue I see a Kalista DreamPlay X announcement but nothing about it on the French home page. Do you mind revealing what it is, please? Trevor

It's their upcoming replacement for the DreamPlay DAC but at the moment, I don't have further details. We'll be doing the first review so in due time, all will be revealed. Srajan

Srajan, enjoyed very much your sonic descriptions in your review of the Händel. I would love to hear those amps but would be happy to never get the chance as I would want them. It captures my personal preferences on point and explains why my EXB7 moved on rather quickly.  The timing is ironic however as I have been literally entranced for about two weeks now living with a gem of an amp from Michael Edinger at Musiklab in Denmark.

His amp the D220 is the evolution of his original design for GamuT using two high-power Mosfets per channel. Apparently despite looking similar to the last iteration of the GamuT 200i top off, not much is the same on the input and PS side.

Your description of the LinnenberG Händel monos mirror the shift the Musiklab produced from 100Hz down in my system to a T. A veil lifted in that region with greater microdynamic interplay and more impact but not of the drummed-up variety that bleeds into the midrange. True low-frequency resolution and authority at all volumes has reset my landscape. Most unexpected however has been a corresponding midrange and treble as open, effusive, fleshed out and unrestrained as I have ever heard from SS, all staying coherent with a nimble and powerful new bottom-up authority. It speaks with a singular voice, carrying all the way up the register.

Best I could conjure from an amp we both know would be to imagine an XA25 but more nimble and foundational plus with the sense that all the NFB Nelson had to throw on it to behave has been removed and the midrange and treble are now free to express. Then add considerably more headroom. That's the Musiklab D220. A must hear if you ever get a chance and I am guessing it would be a dream on your new beauties from Alain.

I believe the D220 is the most complete amp I have yet owned that fits my preferences. It is the 8th either single or dual output transistor amp I've owned and the best of the lot by a wide margin (3 x Pass, 3 x Valvet, 1 x Vinnie Rossi). The story of Michael Edinger persisting with this circuit for 25 years in obscurity with no credit for his original design with GamuT only adds to the appeal. Best, Paul Petelin

So, saved by the bell? I enjoyed your recent amp review for LinnenberG. I'd not heard of any powerful class A amp with a switch-mode power supply before. From your descriptions, there was nothing about the sound to suggest any disadvantage so do you think we'll see more of this combination from other manufacturers? Thanks. Rick Rafferty

I know of one or two more coming soon but it's not my place yet to tell who by. So for sure we will be seeing more powerful class A amps which are powered by switching supplies. My Crayon class AB amp uses one and so did the recent Nagra Classic INT. There's definitely a big future for SMPS custom-tailored to high-end audio applications well outside just class D. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I really enjoyed the YouTube music video you embedded in your recent Bel Canto review. I'd never heard that instrument before. Where can I find more? Thank you, Elias

Ay Isigi by Arif Abdullazade published under Arif Azertürk is an entire album dedicated to tar music. You can listen to it on Qobuz. Srajan

Thank you for your review. I do everything with maximum effort to reach my target. That's my policy. How the market reacts is another story. Really, thank you for the realistic review. I'm indebted. To find somebody who wants to dedicate his time to understand the nature of a component is uncommon. Ciao. Mario CanEver.

Dear Srajan, I've been enjoying the hunting of the subwoofer(s) saga - it really does have a sense of the whodunnit as Pál Nagy observed some time back, with story arcs and all. I dug further following your initial set of candidates but found nothing more attractive (or accessible) than your shortlist—perhaps there was a reason for that!—and for much the same reasons as you went with the Dynaudio. The KEF was interesting but out of stock. The SWS was cute but an enquiry to their very responsive team revealed 5.5msec delay yet pass-through is immediate with zero delay, making physical and temporal integration difficult unless one delays the mains in the digital domain e.g. with Dirac or equivalent ahead of the sub as far as I could see. I wrote to Gordon Brockhouse after his Soundstage Simplifi review wondering how he'd handled the temporal integration but it did not seem to be an issue. Lacking the means for any external crossover, I pass the signal through the Dynaudio, use their distance delay configuration with the fixed 80Hz crossover and think I hear all the benefits (perhaps there are some losses but the gains outweigh them even on my modest system) that you have described. Fwiw the signal path is Allo Digione (via AES) ⇒ Mytek 192⇒ 18S ⇒ Dared DV-6C (thanks to David Kan) ⇒ B+W DM603S2. I'd like to replace the Dared and the B+W with something smaller (but one thing at a time) with something from the fast, lit-up school of presentation. An obvious choice would be a Job 225 but they are pretty rare as is the supposedly similar-ish Nuforce STA20, while used Meraks are currently out of reach as is the Kinki EX-M7. Perhaps a Goldnote PA-10? Did I miss any other candidates from the last decade or so of 6moons? If not I'll just keep an eye out for the ones mentioned and hope to get lucky. Thanks too for the latest developments on crossovers and subs. Julian Padget

Good man, Julian. Now you've eased your size/power/price burdens on both the amp and speaker fronts. As you narrow down candidates to replace what you have, you won't throw away bandwidth in a paid-for big speaker. In the fast lit-up amp camp, don't overlook class D though I'd pass on the Auralic Merak monos. Things there have rather advanced. My perhaps best choice in that sector would be a Digital Amplifier Maraschino. Don't let the small size fool you. Tommy O'Brien seems to regularly have B-stock or trade-in or other specials on hand so it might be worthwhile contacting him to see what's available. That would definitely fit your bill and could rather overhaul your take on the B+W speakers. PM (post Maraschino), perhaps those could stay in the game? Srajan

Thanks for the quick answer. Cherryamp is a good idea. I recall your review now and was quite seduced by the ILM concept at the time but they'd drifted off the radar. I will look into them further. In the same vein there is the Orchard Audio GaN unit which got a couple of positive reviews on the audio beatnik. Time for more digging! Julian

Hello Mr Ebaen, I just read your Sonnet Morpheus review and typically when I'm after some gear, I dunno why, but it is always that I find something in your prose that makes me think twice about the gear I was aiming for. I just sold my Terminator. I'm considering upgrading to the T-II as some folks have shared that it is indeed a clear step over the regular Terminator. Although I read your Morpheus review and because my native language is Spanish, I could not fully get in my mind how Morpheus compares to the regular Terminator considering that I have the Denafrips Athena combined with the Kinki Ex-M7 if that matters. What would you recommend? Bottom line as always, your best suggestion will end up help me very much and would be much appreciated. Thank you! Miguel Angel Casellas Argáez

I won't recommend anything since I don't know your taste, Miguel. But I can tell you in the most basic terms that the original Terminator focused on an organic read over resolution while Morpheus does the exact opposite. If you want to make the sound more transparent, quick and energetic but also bleed out some fat and warmth, go Dutch. T-II does as well relative to the original Terminator but not to the same extent. It's still the same warmer fuller aesthetic just groomed for higher resolution within the Denafrips world view. If this was headfi and just to make the point another way, T-I would be a good planarmagnetic, Morpheus an electrostat or ribbon. And of course there's FoM coming down the pike. That's the Father of Morpheus, Sonnet's new flagship DAC. It's still in R&D so I don't know the release date or final price yet but I've already two previews up on it. Srajan

PS: Twittering Machines' review of the Sonnet just published so might give you another triangulation op.

Dear Srajan, hats off for your review [Grimm Audio SB1 - Ed]. Apart from a very pleasant read, it is technically correct and very well describes the reasoning behind our design. Such a technical level is rare these days at least among hifi journalists and even designers. Should you be around anywhere close to Eindhoven, please let us know. We'd love to meet and show you our new facilities. All the best, Guido

Srajan, ever since I read your very positive review of the Vermouth speaker, I've waited for Edgar in Australia to publish his. You went live in March and your loaners forwarded directly to him. Now it's September. How long does it usually take your man Down Under to finish a review? Surely six months should suffice? I'm getting a bit impatient to be honest.... Charles

Charles, I haven't the faintest under what kind of backlog Edgar operates. If he's like me, items get handled in the order they arrive. The Vermouth monitors might have arrived facing a quite long queue. Edgar is no longer on my team but Doug Schneider's so you'd have to ask them for a progress report. It's also possible that something happened in transit to require fixing in Bali. There's far too many moving parts for me to give you an answer. When it comes to writers not on my team, it's always best to ask them directly. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I've followed your more recent subwoofer adventures with growing interest and just finished your Grimm Audio SB1 review. Pricing aside which you covered fairly, it really looks like a very interesting design. Will you have opportunity to try these with the Bel Canto DAC you've already previewed before they're due back? I'm curious to learn how they will do being crossed in even higher than 80Hz... Nate

Fair question. The Bel Canto should ship from the Dutch importer very soon if it hasn't already. I just informed Grimm that their review published so they can organize the return of their goods. If the call tag arrives after the Bel Canto, I might have a day or two to do your deed. We'll see. It's something I'm curious about myself so I'll be happy to do that check if the opportunity presents itself. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I know you're still recovering from the move but I'm really liking the arc of your current audio path. I suspect you'll see way more people incorporating a sub + crossover into their systems going forward. Right now I use the crossover in my JL E112 in a secondary rig and the JL CR1 in my primary rig. Would it be possible to get a more forward presentation with the Vox 3 with the proper amp pairing? My other option would be the Aurai M3. The size, bass and aesthetics of the 3s are quite attractive. Thanks, Joe

'More forward'... than what? I think that the driver choice, wood cabinet and overall tuning preset how much the Vox 3a can be pushed in a forward direction. Also consider the dispersion pattern. The woofers fire sideways, the ribbon up. These choices involve the room more than 'pure' forward radiators. I'm sure there's some room but I haven't tried beyond the fast/lucid amp examples of Bakoon and Crayon amps. So I don't know how far one might go but again, suspect limits given the inherent tuning. As to more people using properly integrated subwoofers... my harping on about the topic certainly hopes that a few will join us in this endeavor. If not, at least I tried. In my book, making the effort counts. What the results will be is up to many other factors outside our control. Srajan

Dear Srajan, congrats on your new digs. From the photos you've shared so far, they look lovely and the décor once again says 6moons without any comments necessary. I guess you and Ivette have the art of moving down to a science by now. Happy settling in to you both! Victor 

It's been quite the undertaking but we're getting to the end of it. It helps to already have all the necessary ingredients which just require a bit of rearranging to suit a new location. And you're right, experience certainly cuts down on that process. The boxing up, unboxing and skip hire to remove the flattened-out boxes however doesn't get any shorter at all. That's when one imagines the undertaker around the corner. Srajan

Bonjour Srajan, Joël: D'abord, a grand welcome to Srajan and Ivette to Kilrush! I've now broken in the Kinki Studio EX-M7 and am quite impressed. The amp has blossomed since early July and is a terrific complement to the Lumin T2 with Leedh Processing. The pair are tethered via Grimm SQM XLRs, another 6moons find. The "enceintes" are Vivid B1 Decade speakers which I purchased after learning of Joël's multiple purchases from the Vivid stable and reading his impressions in 6moons. I find myself listening to more music than I did with the Devialet Expert 220 Pro. I guess the two biggest differences are the dynamics and the midrange liquidity. Both have improved substantially.

I would not have trod this path without the two of you leading the way. The purchase of the EX-M7 was originally prompted by Srajan's Blue Moon award review and Joël's subsequent review in Audiophile Magazine. The Lumin T2 purchase was driven mainly by Joël's review of the Lumin X1 with Leedh Processing. I figured the trickle down from the X1 to the T2 was good enough for me. I also found it intriguing that Joël found that the Leedh Processing even surpassed the digital volume control of the Tambaqui DAC, which seems to be a gold standard at its price point. Finally, I am still using a Franck Tchang ASI Liveline loom in my system. A review long ago in 6moons led me to visit Franck's atelier in Paris where I was enchanted for several hours as the wizard led me through his workshop and even played his guitar for me before I left with my purchase. Amitiés/Friendship, Michael Fanning

Excellent Michael. I've owned many amplifiers. I still have some of them and remain amazed by the performance of this inexpensive amp. Concerning the Lumin, the limitation could be the internal chipset but you can try using the T2 as a sole transport through its BNC output and see if it brings further benefits to an external D/À converter. In the meantime enjoy your music. The T2 has definitely many pros (DSD, digital Leedh Processing, MQA, all streaming networks enabled, excellent interface) to forget the few cons (if any at this price point). All the best and take care, Joël

The Kinki amp platform is why I upgraded my €8'500 LinnenberG Liszt to the $3'500 EX-B7 monos. Soon the matching integrated will drive a 2x15" subwoofer in the same main system. For this power and money and quite beyond, I don't know anything else I'd rather listen to. Bakoon/Enleum don't make anything yet at 250wpc. Srajan

Hello Srajan, hopefully you and Ivette are now settled in your new home in Shannon. Changing listening room is quite a roller coaster for any serious audiophile, providing equal doses of stress and excitement! If you have the time, can you share how your own ride is progressing in the new quarters? Best, Vincenzo Picone

That in fact will be the first two new articles in the queue. The upstairs room is done, dusted and brilliant. Just want to hang one more painting when we've unpacked all of them to see what works best. Downstairs I'm working on this weekend. Just got the final van delivery with the stack of big hifi boxes yesterday and by half hour ago had them all cleared out and the main system unpacked and provisionally set up. Now comes the dialing-in part. Srajan

Nice. Look forward to reading how you go about your dialing-in process! Vincenzo

Hi Srajan, I know you really liked the Gallo Strada 2 as a desktop system and that you used them full room on occasion. Did you ever try them on the Mapleshade platforms nearfield on the floor angled up as recommended by Mapleshade? If so, what did you think? I agree  that it is an odd setup but I am trying to figure out whether the benefits make it worth pursuing. Do you still have the Stradas? Thanks and hope all is well, Garret Chambers

I did try the Pierre Sprey platforms and with them, floor reinforcement gave the Strada more bass. It ideally still wants a subwoofer for full-room performance and Gallo of course made one but if you can live with the oddness of the look, the rug-rat setup worked as advertised I thought. And no, my Stradas moved on years ago. Srajan

Thanks Srajan. I have the matching sub so I am not sure I would gain enough to make up for the aesthetic issues, not to mention the cost. Garret

If you have the sub, no need for the cosmetically challenged band aid, I agree. Srajan

Srajan, good luck with the move to the Shannon estuary! My first trip abroad when I was a U.S.-born sapling was to both Galway and Kilmahil as these were the birthplaces of my grandfather and grandmother. Interestingly they never met in Ireland; they both moved to Washington D.C. and that's where they met and where my father was born and where I was born, too!

Kilmihil is in the middle of County Clare and just north of the Shannon River. I'll be curious regarding where you and Ivette land. I applied years ago for foreign birth registration in Ireland and when I received it I also applied and received my Irish passport. As I am over age 66, that entitles me to free transportation around Ireland in perpetuity! Cheers, Michael Fanning

We landed on Friday, now it's Monday and the last of the moving trucks will show up this Thursday. My upstairs sound room is fully set up and sounding mega, downstairs is still awaiting the final goods and then I gotta crack open a mountain of boxes again. But them's the price of moving. We're very close to the Shannon Ferry Terminal if you remember that. Srajan

Hi Srajan, hope you are very well. Finally got my hands on an Auralic Vega and have it paired with a Job 225 as you suggested,and with Boenicke bookshelf speakers. Love it!! At first blush sounds the combo sounds more beefy than the Job INT. Thanks for the wonderful recommendation! Mike Brown

My pleasure. Glad to hear our ears are still in sync. Srajan

Safe travels and a pleasant re-seeding. Fred Crane Sowing oats as we speak. Srajan

Hi Srajan, hope all good at your end. I am considering buying the Thoress EHT Integrated. Have you by any chance heard it? I read your glowing review of the monoblocks and that piqued my interest to consider the integrated. Do the EHT monoblocks ape the SET sound without the SET pitfalls? Is the overall sound closer to a 300 or 45 or  2a3? Take care. Stay safe. Best, Premnath Rajagopalan

Haven't heard the integrated. Dawid Grzyb has. Definitely SET sound without the drawbacks. More than that I can't recall without going back to my own review of the monos, sorry. Srajan

Hello Srajan, I just read your latest Denafrips review about their new masterclock. It seems that except for the Avatar, you didn't hear sufficient effects to find it a worthwhile upgrade path. Is that correct? I've always wondered whether masterclocks make much sense in a 2-channel home system. As you write in the intro, we don't sync up 64 channels of D/A and A/D converters like they do in studios. Your latest Terra findings suggest that really, most of us won't need to bother? Bernie

You're correct that with the gear on hand which could actually take a clock input signal, only the Avatar responded with enough of a sonic advance. The clocks in the Soundaware units were probably on part with Terra's own so didn't benefit. By the time you get to the Terminator Plus, using its own clocks to control Gaia's does make a very fine difference. The same is true when the Soundaware D300Ref replaces Gaia. Terra seems made for the 'lesser' Denafrips DACs where I expect it would really come into its own like it did with Avatar. But as I also said in my intro, this really should be last or next to last on your list of hifi things to worry about. There are many other system junctures that yield a higher return on investment before one goes for the final polish with a masterclock. That said, once overall resolution is high enough, they can be rather worthwhile. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I've waited a long time for the Thöress Loudspeaker 4 review but it seems to be stuck in your preview line. Do you have any idea when it may finally post? Frank

I've sent our man in Aachen a few inquiries about status but never heard back. Then I got busy with other assignments and just figured he'd check in when he's ready. So far he hasn't so perhaps it's time I remove the preview from the queue until things change? I'll do so right now. Thanks for the reminder, Frank! Srajan

Hi Srajan, great to see you're back with a Bel Canto review. It seems ages since you last covered them. Do you have any plans to also look into the Black EX and Black DACs after you're done with the e1X? It would be interesting to see how they scale up. Thorsten

It's true, since we left the US, I lost touch with John Stronczer and Michael McCormick though I did see both at the last Munich show I attended. I learnt about the e1X in a pending review announcement elsewhere and after perusing its specs, discovered the smart built-in bass management system. That really spoke to me given my current subwoofer experiments. I contacted the Dutch importer with a request for an EU loaner, he got authorization from Minneapolis, the factory will send him a review loaner and I'll be back in the Bel Canto saddle. But I've currently no plans to work my way up their processor models, sorry. Srajan

Srajan, just checking in quickly on progress with your SB1 subwoofer review. I can't wait to hear how the Grimms work out for you. Timothy Brainswithe

I received them this weekend but seeing how we're already breaking down our household for the move, I won't unpack them until we're in the new digs. We should be there middle of the month and then the SB1 review will be first out of the gate once the systems are back up and running. Sorry for the delay. Srajan

Hello Srajan, I saw the newsroom post about your next move this month. You guys really don't stay put in any one place for too long. What gives? You must enjoy packing and unpacking all of your belongings just for a change of scenery? In any case, good luck with the relocation. Looking forward to seeing the photos of your new digs. Bill

We do enjoy the result but not the process, believe me. I fondly recall my student days when all my belongings fit into a few suitcases. In this case, the London landlords want to come back to Ireland given Brexit so it was time to vacate their house before they arrive later in the year. For us it's an opportunity to settle in a different part of the country and explore a new area and part of the picturesque West coast. This time we'll be looking onto the Shannon estuary so instead of a tall mountain, it'll be water views again like we had them in Lecanvey, just not the Atlantic with its propensity for powerful storms but a milder river delta. We already started packing so what was a cozy home is already starting to feel like a construction site again. As I said, the process itself isn't fun at all. But what to do? Some people stay in one place all their lives. We're wired different it seems - eternal renters and apparently just a bit nomadic. Plus when you've got an Internet business, there's no compelling reason to just move down the block when the time comes. Just scout out another beautiful location and move there as long as the Internet is fast enough to do the job. Srajan

Srajan: I like how you've separated background stories and reviews of late with those 'genesis' articles. Will that continue to be the new approach? I like it because it makes the reviews shorter but for those of us who like more company history and R&D notes, gives us the whole uncut story. Alois Grüneberg

Yes and no. It depends on how much I'm privy to the project notes. For the sound|kaos subwoofer, icOn Gradient Box, Aurai Lieutenant speaker, Æquo Adamantis speaker and Enleum AMP-23R, I happened to be at the right place at the right time. But being this exposed to a project's beginnings, in some cases more than a year before it goes public, isn't common. So the normal review format which integrates the lot will soldier on unchanged. If/when I enter a story a lot sooner to recount it in more sprawling fashion, then separating background from formal review into two articles will be the new solution. I just couldn't say when that'll happen again. Srajan

Hi Srajan, bon dimanche! I am really enjoying the Kinki EX-M7 even if it has not reached the nirvana level of 300 hours. Quite the amp! I have a question: I note in the preview of the Kinki EX-P27 preamp that Ken Ng proclaims all Kinki amps as "single-ended". I have tethered my Kinki amp to a Lumin T2 streamer with balanced connections as that is the preferred output of the Lumin. Should I try single-ended for comparison? I am a neophyte in understanding what would be the best connection when an amp is designed as single-ended yet a streamer's best output is balanced! Thoughts? Cheers, Michael Fanning

Try both. Designers may use transformers or opamps to convert single-ended to balanced. But many XLR are convenience items which just shunt one active leg to ground. Whenever one has mixed opportunities, it's best to try them to decide by ear. You may hear no difference. Or running the Lumin balanced might dominate over how Kinki treat the XLR feed vs. exiting the Lumin single-ended to match Kinki's single-endedness. And sometimes the difference is superior signal transmission of balanced vs. single-ended cable. Either way, the lesser weevil wins. Srajan

Hi Srajan, thank you very much for the preview and genesis story and now we'll try our best to meet your highest expectations. With all the legal stuff and trials, we're a bit behind but my team is looking into finishing last prototype units by this week which are virtually the same as production units. Regarding tech info, the short summary is that while the AMP-13R and AMP-23R share the same amplifier circuit, there's a new bias circuit (now runs all the time to correct bias and offset in real time), better power supply design and digital/analog isolation in the main PCB. The power PCB also differs in that we implemented bigger parts from the AMP-51R/AMP-41 (relays, connectors etc) due to more available height. Those parts enhanced current delivery, circuit stability and long-term reliability. As to noise, S/NR and dynamic range measurements, we'll take those after the final prototype assembly. Soo In Chae

Hello Srajan, sunglasses are off and the light sensitivity is mellowing but eyesight is still a little fuzzy. Maybe I'm fine but the world is out of focus? Glen Wagenknecht

Glad to hear that the gangsta-in-the-night thing has mellowed. Hopefully focus will return to normal in short order. Any idea yet what brought it on or even better, what it is? Srajan

Managed to get an appointment with an eye doc this afternoon. Did tests. Gave me a prescription to take to emergency. Probable stroke. Guess she didn't like the retro sunglass look. Still have my virtual appointment lined up for tomorrow morning. On a lighter note, was out shopping. An old-timer in a wheelchair asked for help reaching his Viagra on the shelf. Guess there's always someone worse off. Glen

A stroke you didn't notice? If true, that would seem to be the best kind considering. Srajan

Taken to emergency Thursday night. Got a full barrage of tests and doctors. Just got out of hospital. Stroke confirmed. I was told I would have died if I hadn't come in. Follow-up tests scheduled through end of August. Driver's license suspended. Perhaps it's best that my name be retired from the duty roster. Don't think it's fair to you or the manufacturers to do otherwise. I'll try and tie up some loose ends with Daniel and SOtM and bid the game farewell. Time to close this chapter. It's been a rare honor and a privilege to work with you, and it's also been fun. Best wishes, Glen

Damn! And congrats for beating the hangman's noose this time. Sounds like it was a close call. I presume that makes time feel more precious now so anything that doesn't serve that appreciation (like writing audio reviews or critical listening) ought to get tossed. I'm right with you. Thank you very much for your long support and excellent contributions. You shall be missed. Soon it'll just be ye olde me running the show. But when I started I never thought otherwise so that would just be back to the beginning.

I hope and wish for the best where your ongoing health is concerned. My wife had emergency heart surgery for a defective mitral valve many years ago. Crack open the rip cage, the works. Ever since she's been very aware that her time is limited and, not in a doomsday but healthy way, feels death is looking over her shoulder. Occasional arrhythmia aside, that part had its benefits of not taking things for granted. Having to physically abstain from big exertions was one price to pay but that kinda came natural with getting older in the first place. So enjoy your retirement, Glen. Hopefully you'll have many more years of it! Srajan

Srajan, here is a thoughtful article which I am forwarding for your perusal. The author shares your conclusions on the positive impact of sub integration into a hifi setup. His way of going about it (crossover frequencies, room position etc) is quite different and might spur some further experimentation on my side.  Would love to hear your views if you have time to read it. Thanks, Vincenzo Picone

I just read it. The author too zeroes in on proper time-domain integration as vital and obviously was involved in the JL Audio crossover box. The Gradient Box will duplicate most of its functions whilst adding full remote control over them all. That's what I plan to use. The author also promotes HT processors which 2-channel guys don't have; or the addition of digital processors to create a delay for the mains which you can't do in the analog domain. That's why I've been vocal that in the purist 2-channel space, we need an analog solution (like the JL or spl or Wilson xovers) but with the addition of remote control; and that we must account for digital latency in modern subs which throws off the impulse response if not corrected for. I prefer to correct it physically (by moving the sub closer to the seat by the exact distance of its delay) rather than digitally. Ideally you'd have a sub with no digital latency at all. Here the Grimm Audio comes very close. Let me know what you learn in your experiments. It's a subject ripe for personal investigation and I'm still learning. Some of what the artice talks about I haven't tried yet. Srajan

At the moment I am using a Cube Audio Sub12 in combination with Pál’s icOn 4Pro SE. Cube Audio tell me that their Sub has 1-2ms latency which I correct by placing it ~50cm closer than the mains (Cube Audio 10" monitor, sound|kaos Vox 3a, Lawrence Audio Double Bass). I’ll be going with the Gradient Box as well and will test both the sound|kaos and Grimm subs when available. I'll come back at you when I have new experiences. Vincenzo

Sounds like a plan. Sharing helps us all learn from each other. Srajan

Dear Srajan, thank you for the excellent review of the Nagra Classic INT. Just one question if I may. You say that it basically duplicated the sound of the Vinnie Rossi preamp and Crayon power amp. Did you run the preamp with our without tubes? If with, what tubes did you use? Best regards, Laszlo Almassy

Very keen question indeed. I used 7-volt Elrog ER50 direct-heated triodes in the 5V setting. And the Crayon is an essentially half-powered Nagra with Exicon laterals, current feedback and smaller SMPS. Srajan

Cher Srajan, Joël, a few days ago, I received the Kinki EX-M7 power amp. I connected it to my Lumin T2 streamer (purchased as a demo from an authorized dealer) via Grimm XLR and proceeded to run through some of my favorite test tracks. Right out of the box, the combination sounded terrific. Better than the Devialet Expert 220 Pro? Yes - with some qualifications as you'll see below. On a song I know quite well, there is a dual vocal with one being slightly recessed. On the new combo, the sound could be pinpointed in space and was more apparent than on the 220. Perhaps the combo has better detail retrieval? Bass response was perhaps not as good as the Devialet but this might change after amp burn-in, estimated to be in the 300-hour range. Midrange was definitely better with a more liquid sound on vocals. On some tracks, the soundstage was wider and higher but not in an unnatural way.

The difficulty in comparing the new combo with the 220 is that I don't know how much to ascribe to the Lumin T2 vs. the Kinki amp. I didn't try the Lumin into the Devialet for instance, since I knew the Devialet would apply its DAC after the Lumin DAC. I didn't think that would be a valid effort. Negatives? The Kinki amp is a beast and not as svelte as the Devialet. It was nice to be able to turn the Devialet on/off using the Roon app. With the new combo, I can turn on the Lumin in the Roon app but need to physically turn on (and off) the Kinki amp. Not a big deal but points to Devialet. Also, the Devialet didn't need much warm-up IMHO while the Kinki needs about 20 minutes. Interestingly, when the Devialet was on and I was not playing a song, I could never hear anything when I put my ear to the speakers. Just silence. With the Kinki, there is a slight hiss. You'd never hear it from a distance nor when playing a song but it's there. There is an DC filter switch on the Kinki and I will check with the manufacturer to see whether engaging that switch might make a difference. Again, not a big deal. Finally, the Devialet has other attributes such as a phono stage and SAM profiles so it is a more complete device. In sum, I'm glad I made the change. I suspect I will listen to more music. Hard to believe that the Kinki amp will get better by 300 hours but we shall see. Mille fois merci à vous deux pour votre aide! Friendship, amitiés, Michael Fanning

Good man. The Kinki will definitely 'tune up' with break-in. The switch in the back inserts a DC filter since this is a direct-coupled circuit. If there's any DC component in the signal path (such as might be the case with a tube preamp for example), it eliminates that. There's no danger flicking that switch in or out. Use the setting that sounds better/more quiet. Srajan

Thanks for the advice, Srajan. I'll try the DC filter to see whether it makes a difference. Quite impressed with the Kinki. It's always hard to make a purchase when one has not heard a certain device. Your Kinki review(s) and that of Joël certainly gave me not unwarranted confidence. Cheers, Michael

"For the full Hakuna Matata across music's kingly lion share, the midrange expressed the very same balance." What a lovely piece of word smithing. Good one, Srajan! Jeremy

Using popular references can backfire when half the audience can't relate. Hopefully the Lion King has enough traction to translate. But thanks for noticing. Plus, I find that taking some risks is far more fun than playing it safe. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I enjoyed learning about the oddly named Swöxx today and especially that it gives an old-fashioned Sonus faber type sound despite being active class D. It sounds like you were surprised as well. On surprises, didn't it also strike you as a bit odd that the designer didn't opt to get this not fully working pair back for testing before asking you to complete the review? I can't help but think that had he done so, the final paragraph would read different. In any case, it still reads like a lovely find so thanks for bringing it to our attention. Stay healthy and happy. Robert Leary

It's true. When loaners misbehave, their makers usually recall them to insure that what I describe and hear is what I'm supposed to describe and hear. But I didn't hear anything that led me to suspect the sound was compromised. I'm quite sure that the minor dysfunction was due to a wrongly set trigger voltage threshold. Why Sinan didn't observe this in his place is another matter. Perhaps he never tried AES/EBU? He should have. In any event, he decided not to recall this pair and yes, had he fixed it then resubmitted, I could have spared us all the 'not quite ready for prime time' notice. But given my actual experience not Sinan's assurances that he'd fix it all after, proper protocol said that I had to. As you say though, it was a lovely find regardless! Srajan

Hi Srajan, I hope you are well and staying healthy. You mentioned you like the Auralic Vega as a preamp with the Job 225. I'm also looking for a preamp for that so am keen to find a Vega. If you have a moment, can you confirm if this is the model you use? Thank you and kind regards, Mike

That's the one, Mike. As far as liking it as a preamp with the Job, this was relative to what I used prior, i.e. different DAC and different amp. I have no idea what your 'prior' is so I couldn't promise what reaction you'll have. The Job has a bit more gain than usual so depending on your speaker, you may have to go into deeper digital attenuation. That's the obvious bit. What your ears will think about that I couldn't predict. Srajan

Thanks, perfect. I was using a Schitt Saga+ preamp. I felt that Saga might be getting in the way of the Job's speed and transparency a bit - but what do I know really? I've always loved the look of the Auralic Vega so I'm excited to try it. They seem to really hold their value for a digital product - wow. In other news, I've got Boenicke bookshelf speakers paired with a Job integrated and an Innuos streamer. Couldn't be happier, especially in my apartment. Thanks again - Mike

Good man. Happy Vega'ing. After it's been on for 1 hour, go into the menu ⇒ system ⇒ clock then select 'precise'. And, filter #4 is my favorite. Srajan

Hello Srajan, I just came across José's advice to you about those Lieutenant speakers. I won't presume that you need such advice from us but speaking just for myself, at this point I actually don't care what you use to write your reviews. I've followed you long enough to have a very good idea and you've always been ace about giving us personal reviews on everything you use. I understand Paul's "unobtainium" argument and would certainly agree that it factors for newer writers who are just starting out. Meanwhile whether a Michael Fremer uses a Caliburn or Technics turntable no longer matters. The same applies to you. Even if only a handful of people will ever hear that French speaker, if you enjoy it and it helps you do an even better job because it resolves more, who would really care whether it's way way off the mainstream as you might call it? I couldn't care less. Let people read that review you wrote on it, perhaps look up some other reviews you wrote on other speakers you keep around. All will be clear. So go ahead and get that Lieutenant. Lucas

I'll tell my wife that you said so. Srajan

Srajan, I second Ernst's props for the Polish headphone amp. It reads like quite a serious statement effort. What amp will you use to compare it to? Looking forward to it. Charles

I've got the Bakoon AMP-13R and a pair of Questyle monos plus might just have the mystery amp Conor asked about two entries down. That should do the business. Srajan

Dear Srajan, how are you doing my friend? Hope everything is okay on your side. I just read your preview of Ferrum's second-born Oor. You hit it right on the nose with your beautiful analogies. Nailed it, I would think. Talk soon, take care. With sonic love, Ernst Neve

Dear Srajan, knowing that you admire your small Bakoon amp, I just came across something that I thought you would find interesting. I don't recognize the brand but the designer's name rings a bell and so of course does the way the model name is constructed. Do you know whether this is related to Bakoon or something wholly new? It certainly looks interesting and perhaps you already have more information about this which you could share. I look forward to learning more. Cheers, mate. Conor

Yes and no. I do know what it is but no, I can't tell you more until the associated website publishes. I think that's just weeks away. At that point I'll publish an article about it. It's already written. I'm just waiting for the signal to make it live. Srajan

Hello Srajan, just finished reading your review on the Lieutenant speaker which I was very interested in since I read the preview for Zero Jr. some months ago. Due to its excellent sensitivity, it let's you choose from a wide range of amplifiers (First Watt, Bakoon and even tubes would be my preferred choices). At first read, it seems it was all I was hoping for (excellent resolution with great tone). Alas, I was surprised when I realized that it didn't get an award like the M1 or M3, which prompted me to re-read your article more carefully. That's when I realized you didn't say anything about its directness or its coherence. At first I assumed that since those traits were already mentioned in the M1 review, they were already a fact in this speaker. But after the lack of an award, I think that maybe they aren't. Am I right or is there another reason for the lack of an award? Regards from Mexico, Juan José Braham

Because I compared Lieutenant directly to the M1, I only mentioned the areas where it went beyond. There was nothing inferior whatsoever to warrant any mention. Given the preceding origin story, I didn't want this to become another endless tale. As to an award, there are two other models based on the same platform which are still bigger. I won't try those but would have to before I could be sure which offers the most compelling balance of sonics, size and price to get the award. But when you sit down to listen, you won't hear awards, just sonics. If what I described fits your bill, there's no good reason to hesitate just because there's no blue pixels. Srajan

Thanks for your answer. One last question: will you be keeping one of the Aurai speakers or return both of them and go back to Codex? Regards, Juan

I'm seriously considering it. Srajan

Thanks again for your fast answer. If I may give you some advice from my very limited point of view, I'd tell you that as I see it, you could sell the Codex for more that the cost of one of the Aurai speakers (let's say the Lieutenant) and still have a better tool for your job. I say this because I know that sometimes audiophiles may choose something less revealing even colored, because we just like how it sounds or we don't want to hear the limitations of the rest of our gear. Yet I imagine you and other reviewers usually prefer to have the most transparent and revealing equipment to be able to better assess the equipment you review. So, how could you let the most revealing speaker you have heard so far get away like that? However, I hope you enjoy your setup whichever your final decision is, since that's all this is or should be about. As for myself, I hope I can be able to go for the Lieutenant in the near future since it does tick all my boxes. Regards, Juan

Hello Srajan, Juan beat me to it about Lieutenant. It really sounds like a wonderful speaker and for a fair price considering. My question now is whether you factor in 'unobtainium' when you consider what to own? After all, reviewers whose systems consist of stuff nobody except them has ever heard work a bit outside the lines of relevance. Readers can't ever triangulate. On that score, your Audio Physic makes for a very relatable reference. Neither of the Aurai would. So when it comes down to it, do you vote on behalf of your readers or your personal preference? It's not a trick question. I'm really just curious how someone in your position weighs these things. Keep up the good work. Paul Wozniak

Excellent question indeed. Yes I do weigh these things. I also weigh price because, as you put it, I want to remain more relatable than some of the reviewers with 6-figure systems (not to say that I could afford those). The way I look at it today—so about 20 years in from doing this gig—is that I've now paid my dues. So if/when the final decision is really down to just personal preference vs. easy reader triangulation, I'm far more apt to go with me, myself and I. In the end, I do this both for a living and because it's my hobby so both sides of the equation have to balance out. Srajan

Hey Srajan, cool scoop on those Arealis cables. Will you review a loom of them to let us know how well these new materials work? Like with your Adamantis story, it all reads exciting and next level but unless somebody actually listens to this stuff, it's all smoke no fire as they say. So when will we see reviews on any of it? Rory Gallagher

As it says in the Adamantis piece, first production is still out until the final casting mold for the enclosure is approved. About the Arealis cables, I just got the details yesterday and haven't inquired yet when first production will roll out. I'll wait to be contacted. If anything firms up, a preview will make that announcement formal. Or else a Dutch reviewer might break the first Arealis cable review? It would make sense given proximity. René van Es of The Ear comes to mind. And yes, I agree that this nano-tech stuff is really exciting. It promises to reset some boundaries based on the material sciences for a change. Srajan

Hi Srajan: I wanted to check on how you're doing given the pandemic, Brexit and their likely impacts on your health and professional life. Just reading your reviews it looks like everything is ticking over as it always has but I wanted to be sure. It's the least I can do for my daily dose of 6moons entertainment. With my best wishes, Dieter

Thanks for asking, Dieter. My health is fine and so is work. Of course many manufacturers are starting to feel the supply-chain shortages which delay them and their expected samples to us. That's creating longer preview limbos just because loaners don't arrive as originally scheduled. Everyone is affected one way or the other and we all need to make adjustments. I'm lucky and grateful that our lengthy lock-down in Ireland didn't shut down my little business as it has most smaller retailers and the entire hospitality industry. Let's hope that whatever the next big thing is won't involve the Internet. Should that go down, I'd be out of business overnight. Then all the farmers surrounding us will have the last laugh. Srajan

Srajan, obsoleedh - wonderful portmanteau! It perfectly captures the essence of the situation! Cheers, Michael Fanning

Haha. My brain works in weird ways. Things like that just show up. I really can't take any credit. Srajan

Hi Srajan & Joël, after reading your reviews in 6moons and Audiophile-Magazine and after some emails with Joël, I'm taking the plunge to purchase a Kinki EX-M7. I will tether a Lumin T2 to it, take advantage of the Leedh processing championed by Joël and stream music via Roon Nucleus to my Vivid B1 Decade speakers. I've been using a Devialet Expert 220 Pro for an all-in-one system for some time and am eager to try something different; much different. My thanks to you two for your clear-eyed reviews! All the best, Michael Fanning

Happy tunes, Michael. I love my Kinki monos! Srajan

Srajan, I just caught up with the latest additions to your M&H memorial piece. Then it struck me. Nearly all of the reader contributions are from manufacturers! It shows how very respected they were by those who worked with them on the audio hardware level. I find it quite shocking however that regular readers had no words of thanks or appreciation to contribute. Did you not add those because they would have become too repetitive? Or did you never get any? Something about that seems very wrong. I'm still sitting on that feeling so wanted to at least reach out to you. All the best, Charles Hovler

I've published every single note I received, Charles. So you're quite right about your observation. I noticed it too. Here today, gone tomorrow. How many will care? And... I didn't get a note from you either to add to their memoriam. Just sayin'. Srajan

That's because I didn't really know them at all. I wouldn't know what to say. Charles

Quite. That would be true for all other readers too except those who had some personal email interactions with them perhaps. But remember, you're the one who asked the question in the first place. Its gist seems to be, aren't thanks for all of M&H's reviews over the years sufficient reason to want to contribute something to that page? If so, knowing them (other than through their work) wouldn't be any requirement. Right? Srajan

Dear Srajan, after my weekly scan of your letters, I noticed the one by Paul Petelin whose suggestions would overhaul your entire front end. I've seen other readers encourage you before to upgrade your system with their own recommendations. Behind them I sense frustration that you've gotten stuck in a comfortable spot on hardware and refuse to advance by tapping into the higher levels. I've also seen your replies that you're happy with your sound and that you're not looking to replace your existing gear with more expensive things. I can appreciate that after years of doing this, you must have a clear personal sense of where you want to be relative to what might be possible if funds and space were really unlimited. I've also seen Jeff Fritz at UltraAudio go through statement systems of hideous expense only to now set his sights lower. Just today I read of his latest Magico and MSB suggestions. So my question is this: if money was no issue (lottery perhaps?), what might you actually still change? How much better do you think your system could still get? I'm not expecting percentages, just a wider sense for what someone in your place thinks. Looking forward to your response, Charlie

Interesting question, Charlie! My next planned upgrade is a special downstairs subwoofer. In one fell swoop, that'll eradicate any sane/insane desires for bigger speakers now or in the future. In fact, the current speakers might still shrink; not that they're very big to begin with. I'm convinced that doing bass actively and separately from the mains is best; and that running the mains through a quality active analog filter is a vital part of that picture. After the room, speakers are the biggest sonic determinant. That upgrade will thus cover the biggest variable into true full-range turf. Because the sub will be a RiPol as described in my sound|kaos DSub15 preview, it won't interact with this or any future room like standard box bass would. That makes it a smart long-term investment and effective but invisible room treatment where most important (in the low frequencies). Next down the food chain of importance are amplifiers. Here I don't see meaningful headroom to improve beyond what we have. As I wrote in my current Nagra Classic INT preview, big amplifiers are for big ballrooms at trade shows when attendees present you with an 1812 Overture disc and ask for the remote to do extreme SPL. I don't play such stuff nor use such rooms so that allure and its attendant requirements are moot. There will always be differences in converters, reclockers and servers but that's still further down the food chain. If I rate the 2 x 15" sub upgrade as the most meaningful and ultimative on the roster—once you hit 20Hz, there's nowhere else to go unless you move into palatial expanses to want more output—anything else beyond our current stuff will be small fry. To make different sound is easy. Better? Not really. I don't care how much money you throw at it. The hifi arts don't look to me to have any groundbreaking inventions around the corner that will reset my impressions about what's possible based on doing this for 20+ years. Others might disagree but since you asked me, that's my take. Srajan 

Srajan, hope you are well, have been enjoying checking into 6moons occasionally, getting the updates on the M Zero and the comments from Alain. I hope he is having success. I have been spending most of my time growing my music collection these past 6 months, very busy with work too. Wanted to share because I think a source combo would check your sonic preferences big time; at least what I imagine them to be. I made a switch after an opportunity arose to demo a Mola Mola Tambaqui and Grimm Audio Mu1 together. I thought the Terminator Plus clock sync'd to the Soundaware D300ref was special and it is at its price. If you get a chance, see if you can arrange to hear this pair together somehow. I am currently running them into an icOn 4Pro SE. I know you haven't made the jump to streaming but the Mu1 run as both a Roon Core and Endpoint (no data over network) into the no-nonsense AES input of the Tambaqui is something altogether foreign to me from digital, more than just a different flavor of good. I think it would make hardcore vinyl types stop and take a listen. The Tambaqui is special for sure, the duo - well I'd love your take on the duo. Something very special is going on there. Those two plus the icOn optimized for whatever sub you choose for downstairs would be a lean, mean and efficient reference front end right up your sonic alley. Fewer boxes with much more of everything I imagine you're after sonically. My wager would be that the L2 would also go permanently bye-bye; and finally that old stable iMac. Best, Paul Petelin

I'm really not looking to uproot my main system. I'm very happy with it as is and haven't been using the tubes in the L2 for a while. But you never know who will come knocking for a review and what'll happen as a result. As to the iMac, I still have no interest in a headless 'audiophile' server with tablet remote. Still hate WiFi. But I'm surprised you think I can't stream with an iMac. I've got subscriptions to Qobuz, Tidal and also use Bandcamp and Spotify. I can use those on my desktop and in the big system. I simply prefer to own the music I listen to the most rather than rent cloud access to it from which the artists hardly see a penny. But congrats on finding a combo you really love. You certainly won't need my feedback on it. Your own ears are the only ones you gotta please. But you know that already. You've been at it long enough. Srajan

I hope you did not take offense to my suggestion on the Tambaqui/Grimm. I am experienced enough to avoid the “this is best” nonsense that I am sure you get hammered with constantly from readers sending you suggestions. That was not my goal. I sent it because my prior source was the original Terminator (I was one of Alvin's first US customers) and my sense of that DAC and the gains with the Plus mirrored yours as well as the gains with clocking and DDC mirrored yours. Lots of boxes, lots of cables however. If I had to summarize the Tambaqui/Grimm, it would be the same as the jump to the Plus, even more remarkable but same flavor. Max illumination with flesh and bone…..two things I know you seek, hence the email to you. Best, Paul

No offense taken, my focus is simply elsewhere which I expect will make far more of a difference. See my response to Charlie one letter up. Srajan

Srajan, a quick afterthought since my email to you seemed to spark a small conversation in letters surrounding old topics of system resource allocation and to a degree, the primacy of source. If I ask how I ended up with a way more costly digital front end than I would normally consider, all roads kept leading back the the icOn preamp.  The icOn is really the disruptive piece in the internal conversations that have traditionally guided where I spend money in the chain. For $3'500 I now have a preamp whose sonics may possibly be unrivaled by any other active preamp and with none of the classic user or sonic limitations of passives. Throw in the clear gains that you have elucidated for many readers of high-passing mains, something the professional world has embraced for decades in various iterations, and now you have a very disruptive system centerpiece that throws the allocation flow chart on its ear a bit. Just in terms of mains amplification, the icOn grows the list tremendously and expands the price ranges considerably with a bump in performance at all price points. It's also partly responsible, I am guessing, for your confidence pursuing the ultimate sub integration in your main system. At the end of the day you know that if the manufacturer of the sub gets you 90% there, Pál will take you to the finish line with his products.

I also believe it takes an experienced ear, one that has had the luxury financially of trying many many top-tier components in the chain over the years, to discern the contributions that source can produce vs more of the sonic 'seasoning' impact of components in the chain downstream of source. I would add to keep in mind the amp / speaker interface rivals that of source. I would argue there are certain intangible architectural elements to a sonic picture that are only elucidated by source that inexperienced listeners would either miss to allocate altogether or believe could be re-created downstream. Appreciating when your source is taking you to a higher plane also requires a minimum degree of system resolution 'risk on' if you will that can easily (and I would suggest most likely) backfire with a misstep in your personal sonic wrong direction with the wrong source. If you get it right however and the resolution downstream is there for the taking, well then you have moved the needle far more considerably than one might assume. Source is king in that setting.

I want max illumination with zero fatigue. I want flesh and bone and body on male vocal and guitar strings. I want to hear the smallest ambient detail but not feel like the system is spotlighting it with fake resolution. I also want scale, unrestricted dynamics and impact when called for. That is a relatively uncompromising list. Systems that have all of those boxes checked would rarely be offense to any listener despite personal preferences of more of this and less of that. In the end it was the icOn and the exceptional new status quo that now exists for standard Redbook 16/44, the music for the rest of my life, that gave me the confidence to roll the dice on the most expensive source I have ever owned and see how far it might elevate the system. It was not an impulsive buy, rather it was a thought-out recognized gamble with the door opened by the icOn preamp. Paul

Dear Srajan, I've followed your recent subwoofer explorations with great interest. I am starting to think that I should follow. Even your pal John Darko just got into the act as did Herb Reichert so great timing all around. I wanted to quickly ask when we might see the conclusion of the Gradient Box preview? I understand that it's a developing project but perhaps you have a sense for how close to fruition it might be? Thank you very much. Alois Grüneberg

I expect that unless there are further supply-chain issues for Pál—those are getting ever more common these days to cause grave production delays when key parts arrive way late—I might see a review sample by the end of June? That's if the currently predicted schedule holds. Otherwise it's anyone's guess, sorry. That uncertainty currently affects quite a number of my assignments. It is what it is for all involved. Srajan

Srajan, surely you must be aware that with two 15-inch drivers, pretty much any other sub would go a lot lower and far louder than that esoteric Swiss box you're covering. Why would anyone settle for a design that throws away so much output? That's nuts if you ask me. Rainer

Hmm. As always I will trust the intelligence and reading comprehension of my audience. Precisely because of this very effective dispersion pattern and its lateral cancellation, such designs avoid reflecting off the side walls by creating directional bass. Even front-wall reflections are smaller than they'd be with box bass. Less room involvement does mean far lower room gain, correct. But it also means fewer room problems and bass that doesn't ricochet all over the place before it arrives at your ears. If you don't get that, I'm afraid I can't explain it better. It's really a very simple equation. You get faster bass because late-arriving reflective bass is slow bass. Faster bass means superior timing so better articulation. The price to pay is throwing away more than 50% of the generated output. No cancellation, no directional benefits. You might not consider that a fair trade. Fair enough. Having heard it for myself, I very much do. Different stripes and all that. Srajan

Directional bass is BS. Bass travels in all directions. Anyone except you knows that. Slow bass is BS too. All frequencies travel at the same speed. You really swallowed that Cool Aid, didn't you? Rainer

Actually, sound travels at ~3ms/m. Say your box woofer sits 3 meters from you. Its direct sound will hit you in 9ms. But sound that reflects off the ceiling will easily add another 3 meters so arrive in 18ms or 9ms later. Depending on your room dimensions, diagonal reflections could take even longer. So your time window of bass arrivals is quite broad. Those portions which travel the farthest will arrive the most late. Last time I checked, late equaled slow and when mixed up with earlier, imprecise. What should be one sharply defined event gets smudged and dragged out over time. If you think directional bass so much holy cow dung, talk to Bruno Putzeys about his Kii 3 and its cardioid dispersion. It does the same. And it works. Anyone who heard one (including me) can attest to that. So yes, this Cool Aid is filled with enzymes and vitamins. You should try it. None of it refutes your arguments that bass travels in all directions; or that all wavelengths travel at the same speed. You're just confused about how those basic statements happily coexist with counter-phase cancellation and reflective time delays. That's all. Srajan

Whatever. If that subwoofer concept was so superior, why don't we see it all over the place? There's clearly something wrong with it. Rainer

The concept used to be patented so was protected. Now the patent expired and others can revisit the basic idea and perhaps even improve upon it. If majority rules defined excellence, we'd never have things like the Raal SR1a ribbon headphone. It's the only one of its kind. It's not alone because there's something wrong with it. It's so alone because nobody else could figure out how to do it properly. Things are just a little bit more complex than you make them out. And now let's do something more fun than argue about hifi. Enjoy your box sub and never mind those who do it differently. It's clearly not for you. Srajan

Srajan, interesting review on the Venus II. So with a reclocker in front of it, it's "unreasonably" close to the Terminator without a reclocker? That's excellent news and exactly the kind of honest reporting I like about your site. Obviously the Denafrips reclockers would make good options. Can you suggest any others I should consider? Thanks, Christian Browne

Audiobyte from Romania as the affordable sister brand to Rockna make good reclockers. So do SOtM from South Korea. I'm sure there are many others but I've not looked into this product category at greater depths to have specific standouts. I've used the Soundaware, Audiobyte and Denafrips and reviewed Innuos, Mutec and others which I now don't remember. I doubt you can do better for the money than Denafrips. Also, their clock frequency is not 10MHz as are most external master clocks. If ever you ended up with a Terminator II or Plus, the 10MHz types wouldn't work. That's another argument in favor of a Denafrips reclocker if you go with a Denafrips DAC. And yes, a 'lesser' DAC plus a good reclocker in front will equal a 'better' DAC without a reclocker. That's particularly true for USB sources. It's how one mocks up an audiophile server with a computer source. The computer gives you all the conveniences of a big screen and web access while the reclocker isolates your DAC exactly like an expensive headless server would whilst still requiring tablet remote. You'd think that as DACs got more expensive so presumably better, they'd soon become impervious to external reclockers. But all the way up to the level of a Terminator Plus DAC, I've not found that to be true. They all still benefit even if perhaps less so than cheaper converters. So you can solve this issue with a smaller DAC whose own clocks aren't as ambitious as those in a costlier DAC; then put the money saved into an external reclocker and voilà. That's the special appeal of a Venus II + Iris/Hermes/Gaia over a Terminator. Srajan

About the lesser of two weevils feature and trumpeting alongside your point, without actual experimentation with at least a partially open mind, our in-house sound would be 2/3rd of where it is and at twice the cost. 'Just try it'. With the varied segments in audio populated as never before, even a 5% rate of exceptions to the rule(s) is noteworthy. I would put the rate of exceptions to preconceptions perhaps even a tad higher. Thanks for the thought. Fred Crane, Prana Distribution

Srajan, it's about time I sent a thank-you note for your tireless promotion of music away from the Western mainstream. I can't say that I love all of your choices but your betting average with me is certainly up there. I can't tell you how many times I've already walked away with new artists to follow up on after I clicked through the videos you had embedded in one of your Musical Waves features. This is a wonderful service you provide so thanks and keep it up! Ronin Haskill

Pleased to hear you're getting something from these features. That's exactly the idea behind them too - to nudge readers onto paths less traveled. If out of 10 tracks/artists proposed, just one meets a person's mark, that's a win to make my effort well worth the while. I simply stay away from embedding some of the more outré stuff I listen to because from experience I know that for most, it's too far off the beaten track. I go through different periods. Right now I listen to a lot of Arabian music so that features a lot. Srajan

Hiya Srajan, in your review of the Ansuz Rezonator, you wrote that your tube preamp didn't respond at all. Given that this device did something you could hear on your three converters, that surprised me. I would have expected microphonic tubes in such a circuit to really enlarge any attempts at reducing physical resonances. Didn't it seem odd to you that solid-state digital would respond but, of all things, not direct-heated triodes? I would appreciate your thoughts on this. Stay well. Paul Wozniak

Ah, a thinking reader. Keen observation indeed, Paul. My dirty little secret here is... bypassed tubes. Into these particular 2.5MHz direct-coupled amps, I have some tube-related 'intermodulation' noise that sits inside the sound so doesn't register as any ordinary hum or hiss at the speakers That disappears the moment I bypass the tubes. Now the Vinnie Rossie works as a solid-state actively buffered circuit with zero voltage gain, not a noise-critical direct-coupled DHT circuit. But again, compliments to your clear thinking and paying such close attention! Srajan

Srajan, I was curious whether you had come across this already? I can't say that I understand all of the details so am curious to know which side of this discussion you fall on. I don't recall having seen anything about it from you. Your archives simply are so full, it's easy to overlook things. Best, Brian

You're correct, I've not commented on MQA. I still don't own a single such file and never saw any compelling reason why we needed/wanted still one more codec/process to play back our digital files. Also, my technical understanding falls well short of the nitty gritty surrounding MQA. Commentary spans the gamut from 2nd coming to cash grab. Because I can't intelligently contribute on the subject, I see no reason to cross-link articles on it pro or con just to create predictable click bait. So there really is nothing in the archives and where I fall on this discussion is squarely in the 'irrelevant' or 'can't be bothered' category. So I leave the subject to those who understand it better. Srajan

Srajan, "Darkz Arts". Loved the pun and your efforts with the Danish resonators. Also appreciated how you handled the elephant in the China shop, namely the outrageous price. Seems sensible indeed to not waste paragraphs of intro lamentations about the state of the High End when you've already accepted the assignment even if brushing entirely over that aspect would be grossly irresponsible too. Making the point that a second subwoofer will cost you a third framed it rather nicely. Say this fully aware of how costly watches can get that replace stainless steel with titanium. Wonder how many such cases a jeweler could make from what is inside one of those rods? In any event, nothing wrong in pursuing extreme assignments as long as it isn't your new normal. Wouldn't fancy that. By all accounts though, these Danish guys seem to make stuff that really works. So what if it costs big? Plenty of cheap stuff around too. Cheerio, Craig

Dear Srajan, did you see this? I read your preview on it when it first came out so I was excited to see Herb share his listening experiences. He clearly enjoyed it very much. I went back to your preview to see what updates might have posted to read your latest note about the severe back-order situation. That explains why there have been so few reviews. Hopefully that will change soon. Can't wait to read your findings. Preston Lloyd

John Darko managed to snag a unit in Berlin and is working up a video review on it, to be followed by a written piece that digs into further details. From his last email to me, the video seems scheduled for June 7th or thereabouts. I expect that to lay a lot of very useful groundwork on the general subject. By the time I get my KC62, there may be very little left to say. But like you I'm excited to see more coverage on this topic. HifiStatement recently had a subwoofer review and so did SoundStage. When done well, a 2.1 system can be such a sophisticated problem solver. It's a real shame that the subject doesn't get covered more often in our stereo review space. Here the home theater crowd is far ahead including ancillary pre/pro hardware with comprehensive DSP, filters, PEQ and selectable delay to the mains for truly seamless integration. Our 2-channel hifi preamps stop with a second pre-out. That's less than basic. Srajan

Hello Srajan, I just read your latest letters and saw your exchange with Fred Roma. I appreciate that you contacted the designer about his question, too. That brings me to my own. It's about expectation bias. Here the reviewer had misgivings about a small wall wart to upgrade to a linear power supply, heard changes which he felt were significant enough to state that this passive preamplifier really deserves a better power supply for its remote control and display. After you asked him, the designer explained that his circuit can't be improved by a linear power supply and mentions measurements and listening tests in his defense. To me, either the reviewer is right or the designer is. They can't both be. This brings me back to expectation bias and how to deal with it. I'm sure that you must have some thoughts on the matter. Can you please tell us how you deal with it? Marvin

That's a good question, Marvin. Expectation bias can come from prior experience. "I've already heard 10 things like it which all had this particular behavior so surely #11 will do it again." It could come from prior measurements which matched that of the latest gizmo to once again predict the same results. It could come from beliefs without any prior personal experience which are simply culled from popular knowledge. "All metal tweeters sound metallic." So first we should be aware of the extent of our actual prior experience and where it transitions to beliefs we've inherited from others. Then we must be aware of our related expectations and acknowledge them. That applies some extra critical mass to our subjective observations, some relativity to how we weigh them. But at the end of the day, we can't divorce ourselves from our own nervous system. If we're cold but somebody else walks around in shorts and T-shirt and wipes off sweat, they clearly are not. That doesn't make us wrong. We just have a different threshold to hot and cold. Now we let that be transparent to the reader while we work our threshold awareness into our observations. We simply can't do anything about being early freezers other than wear a pullover and look silly in the summer.

As reviewers, the typical MO is the endless A/B/A/B test to see whether initial impressions track reliably each time we switch. Then there's the deliberately delayed reaction where, after we've done our first assessment relative to our own hardware, we live with the gizmo until we've acclimated. Then we take it out to assess whether the severity of our first impression holds; whether the difference now feels smaller; whether anything else has changed. This entire process is a fine balance between innate trust in our own senses and constantly second-guessing them. Anyone who mistrusts the validity of that process has no other option but rely on measurements exclusively. Now they must be cognizant that how measurements are derived then interpreted is still subject to subjectivity. Here it helps if we compare measurements from the same person who used the same test gear, measurement protocol and standards of interpretation in all their tests. I think that's about the gist of it?

To reiterate, we must have sufficient self awareness of personal experience vs. borrowed knowledge, then be able to state or work from "this is what I believed, this is what I expected because of it and this is what actually happened." Sometimes it could all neatly line up. Sometimes it could end up in a small or major gotcha. I actually think that it's big fun when gotcha happens. Srajan

Hello Srajan, that's a pretty good answer. Even if you did measurements, how you measure, what you measure and what you deduce from it all would still be influenced by your personal approach. I got that. I guess there is no way then to eliminate personal bias altogether? Marvin

If one applied rigorous consistency to measurements then only published them without any comments to let the numbers and graphs tell their own story... then I think one would be very close. Just how useful that would be to the vast majority of readers is a different question. And there's still the aspect of entertainment which the 'scientific' part of the audience tends to undervalue or overlook altogether. How many regular readers sift through AES papers for their weekly or daily fix? Not many me thinks. The vast majority wants a mix of dry facts, anecdotal stuff, human interest angles, along-the-way music recommendations, pix, sonic commentary, education and style. At least that's my take on it, has been for years and is what I consider in my work. Colleagues I admire elsewhere clearly agree because they cover the same aspects. It's just in the seasoning and focus on them that we all differ to create some variety and spice. Srajan

Srajan, congrats on the designer's excellent feedback on your Trans-SE10 review. I imagine that amid the usual complaints writers get when they're not dishing out raves, like not having used enough break-in time or run the gizmo with factory-approved ancillaries, played the wrong music or what have you, it must have been nice to have a manufacturer acknowledge careful listening and useful sonic descriptions? Good for you and well deserved I say! Cary Rostek

It was indeed gratifying, Cary. People who come to audio reviews from the test bench—they could be makers or consumers—tend to prefer dry 'scientific' takes that read like proper test scores or consist mainly of measurements. Such people often can't relate to subjective prose. In extreme cases they just write it off as fluff or drivel. Now it's really lovely to learn that a measurement-focused designer could so precisely corroborate my subjective impressions with his own measurements and found the exercise useful. As far as complaints, I must say those are terribly rare. After all these years, manufacturers I believe do have a very clear idea now about my process, the rooms and systems I use to know exactly what to expect. If they make loaners available, they are happy to work within those parameters. If they aren't, no loaners are forthcoming. Simple. Being consistent manages expectations so being consistent has been one of the things I aim for. So hardly any complaints. When I do drop the ball next, I of course expect to be called on it. While it's not rocket science or pharmaceutical cure, reviewing is serious business for those involved. So hifi writers must remain accountable and do a proper job. After all, livelihoods and reputations are at stake and readers need proper facts beyond what's on the sellers' websites. Srajan

PS: After my email exchange with Cary, Pál wrote in on a related note. In it he offers an alternative perspective that until then I'd never considered this way. "In my book you are not a subjective reviewer at all. You are a very good detective who collects every small detail of the 'crime' and writes his own exciting detective story in a special way, keeping the readers in constant excitement. You put together the puzzle of the obvious and hidden parts too and they can't wait to see the whole picture and to know the truth at the end … who was the killer." Audio reviews as whodunnits. Why not? Srajan

Hello Srajan, you've had a preview up of the spl Crossover for many months but it's now disappeared. Is that just a software glitch or has the review canceled for some reason? Thank you. Bill

It seems canceled because despite initial indications to the contrary, I now can't procure a review loaner. Unless that changes, I've taken the preview down to not keep it in terminal limbo central. That's the kind of TLC we don't like. Srajan

Dear Srajan, I was very happy with your approach to the Trans-SE10 review. You did it in total freedom, with all pluses and minuses in your observations and experiments. For me this was important because I have abundant measurement results and knowledge of the SE10. Every time you came with an observation, I checked and compared it to my measurement results. You deserve my compliments for very good observing, in total agreement with my knowledge and findings!!! So please continue on your trail. You are doing interesting and reliable observations. You close your article with a glimpse into the future. The SE10 concept was born around 2014. Meanwhile I continued experimentation and now am at the powerful level of the Trans-PP80 (80-watt push/pull), where the major restrictions of the small SE10 concept are solved. I plan to discuss with Guido if and how we can proceed on this trail. But you know it already: it will take time. Again, many thanks for your good work, please accept my compliments. Kind regards, Menno van der Veen

Srajan, your colleague Dawid just published a review of the icOn 4PRO you like so much. There's one paragraph I wanted to ask you about.

"The icOn 4PRO as described above relied solely on the PSU provided by its maker, but I couldn't resist investigating its responsiveness to any changes on this front. I'm glad that I didn't, Pál's product scaled well with a higher-tiered 5V feed. Its stock charger replaced with iFi audio's iPower resulted in a mild boost to imaging specificity and bass control, however tissue complexity and tonal weight remained intact and that was unusual. The more potent noise rejection is, the more these two aspects lean towards darker heftier sonics. This aside, the small performance increase with the iPower on duty was perceptible enough to appreciate it, especially considering how much iFi charges for this PSU, but ISOL-8's Prometheus did substantially more. It also didn't touch the passive pre's tonal balance and saturation, but produced more slamming, powerful and tighter bass that clearly spelled out noticeable improvements. Backdrop behind instruments and voices also became blacker to effectively outline these virtual shapes even finer than before, and land more orderly posher general view. Although listed changes weren't drastic in the grand scheme, their easily audible thoroughly beneficial nature was more than enough to justify the linear expense. This report's stout performer surely deserves such a treatment."

Here is my question. I thought this was a passive preamp. Isn't the wall wart just to power the MCU which handles the remote functions? How could that have any effect on the sound? Have you noticed the same thing with your unit? I'm just trying to understand an apparent impossibility. Fred Roma

It frankly hadn't even occurred to me to try this; not that I have another suitable outboard power supply on hand in the first place. Like you, I view the wall wart as just the power behind the remote-control and display throne. Since Dawid heard differences with his better PSU, we must assume that perhaps the micro-processor part of the circuit isn't 100% isolated from the autoformer signal path despite actual switches being at work? Even if so, I can't see how swapping in a beefier PSU could improve the bass response. How do the passive autoformers even see the wall wart? It would be best to ask the designer about that. It's not anything I've looked into, considered or understand. But there's always more to learn. So ask Pál Nagy? Srajan

PS: Because I'm curious, I just asked Pál myself. "The linear power supply is one of the variants of concern of the subjective audiophile virus which has infected a big part of the well-informed audiophile community. Because 50-20 years ago and occasionally still today, the old-school linear power supplies had some advantages, the infected guys without any real knowledge, investigation or experience with this matter believe that all SMPS are shit and the expensive analogue PSU the holy grail. So several icOn customers have immediately replaced my original wall wart, my HK dealer offers the Model 4 with an expensive Plixir supply and so forth. I spent several 100 hours on just different power supply possibilities out of the more than 10'000 hours of icOn development and production. I tried batteries in lead acid, lithium-ion, alkaline, Ni-Cd, zinc and more, dozens of different ultra low-noise linear supplies and several dozen more smps measuring them all with an FFT analyzer and listening to them in blind A/B." From that I glean that I'll happily continue to use the stock wall wart; and that others will upgrade theirs in ways which satisfy them.

Srajan, thanks for getting back to me and Pál involved. Did your man just imagine it then? Fred Roma

Not for me to say. I wasn't there. I've not done his experiment and I'm not inclined to pursue an outboard power supply just to follow up. Should I review one again like the Ferrum Hypsos which I wrote up with our active desktop speakers but never considered to then strap onto my icOn 4Pro SE... I might just try it if I remember to. I owned a Tap X from John Chapman back when and never was concerned about its wall wart either. For me it's still a non-issue. But as Pál explained, even some of his dealers feel different so everyone must trust their own ears. Srajan

It's not the first time that theory and reality aren't the same. Dawid Grzyb

Dear Srajan, in your current review of the Vanderveen amp, you write toward the end that "there's a sonic profile achievable with less complications aka tube aging / replacement to delight in contrarious means". I'm not quite sure what you mean by that. Could you explain it more, please? Otherwise it was a fine piece again. Brian

To my mind, you want tubes for sonic effects which you can't get any other way. If you use tubes to make sound you can likewise get from pure transistors, I call that being contrarious. Why buy into maintenance which solid state avoids? Why buy into higher noise floors and performance drift as tubes age? You can if you want. There's nothing wrong with it. Like a watch collector who pursues vintage mechanical watches with ±10s/day tolerance, it's perfectly legit to pursue hifi gear not just for its sound but also its means (and looks and pedigree and resale value and so on). If one finds transistors too common, boring and dull to prefer making the same sound with tubes, why not? I simply call it an unnecessary complication. That's all. Srajan

Srajan, great review of the AudiaZ speaker. Thank you for translating it from the German. Any chance you'll take a look at this model yourself? It seems ideally sized for your rooms and the kind of room most of your readers probably have. It'll be nice to have another opinion on this Accuton design. Cheers, Conor Kavanaugh

I'd rather think not, Conor. Syndication is a way for manufacturers to land a review in our pages without 2-way shipping to/from Ireland. With Jörg's review published, I see precious little motivation and justification for AudiaZ to go after seconds; particularly when their first review was this sterling. Sure, I'd love to hear their speaker for myself. But that's not sufficiently good reason to hit them up for a loaner sample I think. Best trust what Jörg had to say about it then. Srajan

Srajan, can you recommend to me a full-featured server and streamer with built-in DAC that would perform on par with your big Denafrips DAC? Thanks, José

Not really, José. I'm not into 'audiophile' servers and streamers. I don't get their appeal when my now third iMac does the same for less money and with a far bigger screen without requiring a Wifi tablet. I can stream Spotify, Qobuz and Tidal, rip CDs, buy music, watch YouTube etc. Of course I do use Audirvana and an external reclocker slaved to the DAC's master clock. You seem to want it all in one box. Fair enough. There you'd simply be better off asking John Darko or Michael Lavorgna. They have real experience with the genre. I don't, sorry. I of course know all the usual names like Antipodes, Auralic, Aurender, Innuos & Lumin and have reviewed some but to get specific, you'd want to talk to a real expert with a good overview on the current scene. That's not me. I have heard that Denafrips are working on their own server but when that might release and what its specs and functionality will be, I haven't a clue. Srajan

Srajan, that was an interesting rescue on the Mark & Daniel assignment. I'm glad that Glen's subwoofer will work properly with Daniel's new monitors; and that he's doing the assignment because he owns the Maximus MkII. Any idea when we might expect that review to publish? Eric Batis

Glen had been our originally designated reviewer precisely because of his ownership of the Maximus. Then Daniel wanted me to do it and now it's back in Glen's hands. That worked out well. As to when, Daniel mentioned a Chinese hifi show he's attending. That consumes all of the company's attention at the moment to prepare for. He suggested that he could ship once the show is over. I'd expect that Glen should get his loaner within the next two months. Then he has up to 3 months to hand in his write-up. Srajan

Dear Srajan, great review on the Boenicke W8. Given how small it is, I was surprised to read that it performed even better in your bigger room. In fact you make the point multiple times that this speaker needs more clearance from the surrounding walls than most. Is there anything particular to the general design that would account for such a requirement? I'm just trying to wrap my head around this. With best regards, Øystein Anker

My upstairs/downstairs rooms are very similar if we disregard the absence of a typical back wall for the latter and the higher ceiling. As I wrote in the review, the primary difference in my setup was that upstairs the speakers had to stay closer to the front wall due to doors/traffic; and that due to the general layout, there's far more stuff between the speakers including a double-wide rack. These things affect any speaker, not just Boenickes. Soundstaging tends to improve as the front wall simplifies and recedes. What is particular to all current Boenicke speakers are sidefiring woofers without any filter on them or at most a 1st-order low pass. That means sidewall reflections higher up in frequency than usual so more room involvement. Unusually wide driver overlap continues across the bandwidth for Boenicke designs because Sven champions shallow filter slopes or runs his drivers open at least on one end. I don't know whether that influences setup per se. The sidefiring woofer clearly does. What's also the case is that all Boenicke speakers are especially groomed for big soundstaging. And in my experience, big soundstaging always enjoys a lot of distance from the front wall. Do the very narrow Boenicke baffles contribute to staging so well? I think so.

Perhaps it's best to say that all speakers prefer free-space freedom; but that once set up like so, some still exceed others or improve more from such a setup. Boenickes are among that group. What all makes it so would be something for Sven himself to explain. That goes beyond my pay grade. Srajan

Dear Srajan, you've sure gotten some spicier questions of late which I see answered in quite good humor though I do detect some edge here and there. I just wanted to compliment you for remaining approachable and willing to explain how and why you do things. We can always disagree whether we find all of the reasons good but at least we understand them. Keep on trucking I say. Thank you. Jaimie

I do like to keep things as transparent as possible. I think it helps all parties concerned. Like you said, everyone is free to disagree with what we do or how we do it but there should hopefully be little confusion about what it is or how it works. If that's clear, I'm happy. What can get a bit irritating is when some people act too entitled. An upcoming KIH feature will address some of that. But sure, the truck will keep going. It's got mileage on it but is far from at the end of its clock. Srajan

Hi Srajan, I've followed you for many years so know about your contributions for John Darko. You even link to them from 6moons. That has me wonder why you send us over there instead of publishing the full article on your own site? I'm sure there's a reason for it. I just can't see it. I only see the unnecessary traffic redirect. Thank you, Joseph 

It's a mix of selfless cooperation and shameless self propaganda. I liked John's work from the start when he was still digitalaudioreview in Oz. I wanted to support him with some free content. Since then he's grown in leaps and bounds. His focus on first-rate video reviews, social media and the latest in streaming digital creates a different core audience. For his readers to learn about 6moons through the KIH articles on creates cross traffic opportunites. That's useful. Your price to pay, you're correct, is a URL redirect; unless you first find the latest KIH feature on his site. But then I don't charge you real money to read us. So you might say that I don't feel too terrible about charging you those redirects. So those are my two reasons: cooperation with/support for a publisher I like; and reverse advertising for my own site, on another site that's grown very busy and popular indeed. Srajan

Srajan, I see your pending Aurai review updated again. I do like learning how designs undergone changes and refinements, how symbiotic the relationship is between a minor boutique and an esoteric driver shop and how all of that can occasionally derail. You're currently running similar stories on that external crossover and the dual-woofer big sub. On the other hand I'm questioning how relevant your coverage is for any of this product. Few will ever get to hear it in a shop, it will probably never be seen at a show and other magazines don't seem to pursue their own reviews of it either. I guess I'm a bit torn between the entertainment factor and how relevant it really is to read about mostly vaporware. That's actually all I have for you today. Perhaps a funky Covid mood is getting to me. Kamal

How I see it, in any endeavor someone's always first. On certain product reviews that's our competition. On a few others, it's us. Does that mean nobody else will pick up after? For sound|kaos, I've already seen reviews on HifiStatement and HifiKnights. With the icOn products, other magazines covered them well before we ever did and HifiKnights are currently working up their own review of one. For Aurai we're admittedly first again but that's not to say other writers elsewhere won't follow up. Even if they didn't, I don't really see a problem. I also don't see any between entertainment and relevance.

Entertainment is relevant. We can't all be doctors or useful scientists. If all my reviews were just entertainment and naught else, I'd be perfectly happy. Why do people read reviews? It's certainly not because each month, they buy something they just read about. If they did, we'd have private very well-stocked dealerships all across the English-reading world. Clearly the utility of reviews as buying assistants is just one factor and, I'd argue, quite the lesser. People primarily read reviews to stay informed or involved with current goings-on in a hobby. If amidst the entertainment there's the occasional morsel of education so they learn something new to them, so much the better. If you found learning about Alain's R&D process interesting, that's all the rationale and relevance my review really needs. In that context, whether you ever hear an Aurai speaker doesn't matter, does it? Let's also remember that nobody needs a hifi. It's a pure luxury. If you want really relevant, let's cancel music playback from our list altogether and get serious about serious things. Worrying about our audio reviews isn't that by a long shot! Srajan

Ah, definitely a funky Covid mood. Your answer diagnosed it. Thanks, Srajan. You may not be a real doc but in the hifi sector, you're a good stand-in. Kamal

Pleased to hear you feel that way. Srajan

Hello Srajan, I just read a review on the Musician Monoceros preamplifier which sells for $1'770. That would seem to be right up your recent 'Chi-Fi' street, wouldn't it? Just in case you weren't aware of the brand yet. I'd love to see your take on it. The Polish reviewer clearly was very impressed. Diego Apian

I'm familiar with the brand, thank you, Diego. Musician solicited us many months back to review their first product, a discrete R2R DAC. I documented that interaction in earlier features including on It explains why I elected not to review their DAC. But you're right, it's very competitively priced product, looks to be very well made and based on this review and others, also performs very well. My misgivings were only about the company's communications. Those were between me and them so shouldn't concern you if the Monoceros or any other Musician product interests you. Srajan

Can I ask what about their communications turned you off? I can't find any of your other posts on the subject, sorry. Diego

To me the product looked very similar to another I was familiar with. So I asked direct questions about their IP. The answers were very evasive and eventually combative. I didn't think it boded well for customer service. If someone bought their product because of my review and then encountered similar responses, I'd feel very responsible. So I opted out of covering the brand. The 'Chi-Fi' I do cover like Denafrips, Jay's, Kinki, Linlai, Soundaware etc. all has Western-trained representation. That eliminates language barriers and unduly divergent product/service expectations. I feel 100% certain that if/when a customer should encounter any issue with these brands, they'd be sorted promptly and to their full satisfaction. When I have evidence to the contrary, I lose all interest. My time is precious. I only have so much of it. I'd rather cover brands where customer service isn't a known issue. Just conduct your own due Google diligence on the brand, then proceed as you see fit. That's all I have on the topic. Srajan